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Social Security and Social Protection for Women
Dr. Vibhuti Patel, DIRECTOR, P.G.S. R.
Prof. & HOD, University Department of Economics,
SNDT Women’s University, Smt. Nathibai Thakersey Road,Chuchgate, Mumbai-400020
Phone-26770227®, 22031879 Ext. 243(O) Mobile-9321040048
E mail: email@example.com
(Presented at Refresher Course on Women’s Studies organized by
Academic Staff College of University of Gauhati, Guwahati, Assam on 1-7-06)
What is Social Security (SS)?
“The protection which society provides for its members, through a series of public measures, against the economic and social distress that otherwise would be caused by the stoppage or substantial reduction in earnings resulting from sickness, maternity, employment injury, unemployment, invalidity, old age and death, the provision of medical care and provision of subsidies for families with children.” ILO, 1989
The nation-states are supposed to make policy choices and prescriptions on the basis of this definition.
This definition is found inadequate for developing country as it assumes that most persons are generally in a state of employment from which they can earn enough to meet their basic needs. For example, omission of food security.