Non custodial Violence Dr. Vibhuti Patel,  Director, PGSR Professor  & Head, Post Graduate Department of Economics, SNDT W...
Limitation of CAT Convention Against Torture <ul><li>Focus on torture in custody </li></ul><ul><li>What about torture on t...
Dalits <ul><li>Untouchability- segregation- ghettoisation </li></ul><ul><li>Class-room, hostels, professional colleges, su...
Tribals <ul><li>Not part of cash nexus- cheating, fraud, cheapest labour </li></ul><ul><li>Land rights,  </li></ul><ul><li...
Children <ul><li>Child marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Child trafficking: Child beggars, Child labour, Economic exploitation, h...
Elderly <ul><li>Abandonment at religious places </li></ul><ul><li>Violence by family members-neglect of nutrition </li></u...
Disabled <ul><li>physical, sensory, intellectual or mental health disability, Theory of  induced stress-social isolation <...
Minorities <ul><li>Muslims: physical assaults, attacks on religious and cultural buildings, and cemetery desecration in Se...
SEZ <ul><li>Nandigram, Singur : Tata </li></ul><ul><li>Kalinganagar: Jindal  </li></ul><ul><li>Orissa: POSCO </li></ul><ul...
People’s Movements <ul><li>People’s struggles  for social justice </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible media coverage </li></ul><...
Thank you 08/13/11
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Non custodial violence 18-2-09

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Non custodial Violence
Dr. Vibhuti Patel,

Limitation of CAT
Convention Against Torture
• Focus on torture in custody
• What about torture on the weak and marginalised sections of population by the civil society?
• Structural Violence-Adivasis, dalits, migrants, children, homosexuals by non-state actors
• Institutionalised violence-draconian laws in FTZ, EPZ and SEZ ?
• Marginalised and vulnerable groups- elderly, disabled

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Non custodial violence 18-2-09

  1. 1. Non custodial Violence Dr. Vibhuti Patel, Director, PGSR Professor & Head, Post Graduate Department of Economics, SNDT Women’s University, Churchgate, Mumbai-400020. E-mail- vibhuti@mtnl.net.in , vibhuti.np@gmail.com Phone-91-022-26770227®, 22052970 (O) Mobile-9321040048 08/13/11
  2. 2. Limitation of CAT Convention Against Torture <ul><li>Focus on torture in custody </li></ul><ul><li>What about torture on the weak and marginalised sections of population by the civil society? </li></ul><ul><li>Structural Violence-Adivasis, dalits, migrants, children, homosexuals by non-state actors </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionalised violence-draconian laws in FTZ, EPZ and SEZ ? </li></ul><ul><li>Marginalised and vulnerable groups- elderly, disabled </li></ul>08/13/11
  3. 3. Dalits <ul><li>Untouchability- segregation- ghettoisation </li></ul><ul><li>Class-room, hostels, professional colleges, suicides- Anti reservation agitation </li></ul><ul><li>Land rights, agricultural work, differential wages </li></ul><ul><li>Stigmatised work-leather industry-Burning alive of Dalit ( Chamar ) workers in Haryana </li></ul><ul><li>Mass rape of dalit women –caste conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Water, fuel, fodder </li></ul><ul><li>A UN body has equated violence against Dalits in India with racial discrimination </li></ul>08/13/11
  4. 4. Tribals <ul><li>Not part of cash nexus- cheating, fraud, cheapest labour </li></ul><ul><li>Land rights, </li></ul><ul><li>Mega Projects-displacement, relocation </li></ul><ul><li>Starvation deaths-Orissa, Maharashtra </li></ul><ul><li>Trafficking of tribal women & children </li></ul><ul><li>Bonded workers, lowest wages </li></ul><ul><li>Indebtedness, lowest literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Witch hunting/ killing of tribal women: Santhal, Munda, Oraon and Kharia, Jharkhand </li></ul>08/13/11
  5. 5. Children <ul><li>Child marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Child trafficking: Child beggars, Child labour, Economic exploitation, hazardous work: Camel race, fire crackers, bangle making, zari work, carpet weaving </li></ul><ul><li>Child trafficking-Prostitution </li></ul><ul><li>Child Sexual Abuse, incest </li></ul><ul><li>Forced to leave school education </li></ul><ul><li>Street children, destitute children, disabled children </li></ul>08/13/11
  6. 6. Elderly <ul><li>Abandonment at religious places </li></ul><ul><li>Violence by family members-neglect of nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>a.       Workplace: VRS, challenging tasks </li></ul><ul><li>b.      Social exclusion: public transport, Homelessness, Begging </li></ul><ul><li>c.      Safety: Cheating, fraud, mugging and burglary, </li></ul><ul><li>Murders </li></ul><ul><li>d.      New Technologies: computers, mobile telephones, Internet </li></ul>08/13/11
  7. 7. Disabled <ul><li>physical, sensory, intellectual or mental health disability, Theory of induced stress-social isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Mercy killing, Electroshock, Medicated to assure compliance, Routine hysterectomies </li></ul><ul><li>Neglect in providing basic/life sustaining care </li></ul><ul><li>Disabled children/adults used as beggars </li></ul><ul><li>Disabled children sold into prostitution </li></ul><ul><li>Disability as the result of crime, gang activity and other forms of community violence </li></ul><ul><li>Physical violence, sexual, emotional and/or verbal Abuse of disabled children </li></ul><ul><li>Abuse by support staff within the home </li></ul><ul><li>Violence in Non-Residential Schools Disabled children are often targeted by predators on their way to and from school </li></ul><ul><li>Violence in Residential Schools </li></ul>08/13/11
  8. 8. Minorities <ul><li>Muslims: physical assaults, attacks on religious and cultural buildings, and cemetery desecration in Serbia, Croatia-Albanians in Kosovo, India, Gujarat, Hindus in Bangladesh, Kurds in Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>Christians- Orissa, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation, segregation, social exclusion, denial of of job opportunities, school admission, basic amenities, housing, </li></ul><ul><li>Suspect in case of social conflict, terrorism </li></ul>08/13/11
  9. 9. SEZ <ul><li>Nandigram, Singur : Tata </li></ul><ul><li>Kalinganagar: Jindal </li></ul><ul><li>Orissa: POSCO </li></ul><ul><li>Raigarh : Reliance </li></ul><ul><li>MahaMumbai: Reliance </li></ul><ul><li>Kandala-Gujarat: Adani Group </li></ul><ul><li>Relocation & rehabilitation of displaced persons, compensation and alternative employment, work condition, wages, social security for workers </li></ul>08/13/11
  10. 10. People’s Movements <ul><li>People’s struggles for social justice </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible media coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmative action by the state-Budgetary allocation, legislation </li></ul><ul><li>International solidarity </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights organisation, UN System </li></ul><ul><li>“ Let us look forward to the time when the Power of Love will replace the Love of Power. Then will our world know the blessings of peace.” </li></ul>08/13/11
  11. 11. Thank you 08/13/11

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