Using the Keynote App as a research tool_iPads in Higher Education, 1st International Conference, Cyprus


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This presentation describes the use of the Keynote App on the iPad as a methodology in a qualitative research study on the curriculum in Obstetrics, drawing on students' experiences and insights.

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Using the Keynote App as a research tool_iPads in Higher Education, 1st International Conference, Cyprus

  1. 1. Using the Keynote App as a research tool A case study in medical education Veronica Mitchell Education Development Unit Health Sciences Faculty University of Cape Town, South Africa @ iPads in Higher Education Conference in Paphos, Cyprus March 2014
  2. 2. Research project Supervisor: Prof Suellen Shay The Curriculum in Medical Education Masters Higher Education Studies
  3. 3. Context
  4. 4. My stance Professionalism & Health and Human Rights Image by Stacey Stent
  5. 5. The Curriculum Research question How do students negotiate the gap between the fixed, intended curriculum and the fluid, enacted curriculum in their early Obstetrics delivery experience ?
  6. 6. Pam Hoffman, What about integration?
  7. 7. Obstetrics practical rotation 15 deliveries = competence Year 4 students
  8. 8. Kaleidoscope of student experiences Kaleido App on iPhone Obstetrics in Year 4
  9. 9. Obstetrics in Year 4 South Africa’s weak public health system Curriculum challenges ? A changing educational landscape
  10. 10. Supercomplexity Uncertainty Prof Ronald Barnett
  11. 11. Barnett (2000:260) explains curricula as: being lived by rather than being determined … [with an] elusive quality about them. Their actual dimensions and elements are tacit. They take on certain patterns and relationships but those patterns and relationships will be hidden from all concerned, except as they are experienced by the students
  12. 12. Theoretical frame Barnett & Coates (2005) triad for professional curricula
  13. 13. K AB K B A Composition Size / Weighting Colour Sequence
  14. 14. Triple Schema
  15. 15. 5 students in Year 4 in 2010 Methodology 1. reflective commentaries 2. one-to-one interviews 3. iPad’s Keynote images
  16. 16. Affordances: Keynote App Novelty / appealing Alternative modality Visual dimension Tactile component Intergenerational bridge 3rd party in the conversational space Sense of play shifting images / familiar shapes / colour Circles created vs messiness of drawings Keynote App
  17. 17. Methodology with the iPad Explanation to students Explored the Keynote tool Gave them a template Alongside semi-structured questions Explained their experiences by moving the circles Emailed to researcher Saved as images Printed for dissertation
  18. 18. Limitations: Keynote App Different New / Unfamiliar Students more used to text Abstract nature of concepts - circles representing curricular domains Template used Keynote App By George Tuli (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons
  19. 19. What about integration? K AB Using visual communication Kress & van Leeuwen (2006) Deeper hidden truth Microscopic view through circles Jewitt & Oyama (2001) Analysing the visual component Students Year 4 In 2010 Year 6 in 2012 Being Acting Knowing
  20. 20. Research participants Joan Thabo Sipho
  21. 21. Pseudonyms used Research participants Joan Sipho Thabo Mature, tactical, aware of social justice Quiet, reflective, developing confidence Proud leader, passionate about Obstetrics
  22. 22. K A B In 2010 Student Joan B A K Curriculum In 2011
  23. 23. K AB Curriculum Student Sipho K B A In 2010 In 2012
  24. 24. K AB Curriculum Student Thabo K B A In 2010 In 2012
  25. 25. Individual shifts, integration / transformation Joan Sipho Thabo Developed relationships, Understood & responded to broader issues Regrets, sense of numbness with compliance Values his power, advice to me & others, critical of peers in not adapting Summary
  26. 26. Way forward PhD Value of using images Emerging iPad affordances
  27. 27. Reflecting on the tool Professionalism & Health and Human Rights Enriching experience - digging deeper into students’ authentic experiences - motivating critical reflection Missing: Students comments on the technology - enabling / constraining iPad was a highlight for me
  28. 28. Conclusion Deeper insights with alternative approaches Keynote App was a valuable contribution to research Exciting new opportunities arising Illustration by Stacey Stent , thanks to Dick Ng’ambi
  29. 29. Thank You
  30. 30. Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 South Africa License. References Barnett, R. 2009. Knowing and becoming in the higher education curriculum. Studies in higher education. 34.4:429-440. Barnett. R. & Coate, K. 2005. Engaging the higher curriculum in higher education. SRHE & Open University Press. London Kress, G. & van Leeuwen,T. 2006. Reading Images: The grammar of visual design. 2nd Ed. Routledge: London. Jewitt, C & Oyama, R. 2001. Visual meaning: A social semiotic approach. In van Leeuwen T & Jewitt C. A handbook of visual analysis . London. SAGE. Publications.