Au Psy492 M7 A2 Williams V

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Au Psy492 M7 A2 Williams V

  1. 1. Impact of Neglect on Children Advanced General Psychology Module 7 Assignment 2 PSY 492 Venessa Williams February 25, 2011
  2. 2. Abstract <ul><li>The maltreatment of children in American society is not a novel concept. An indeterminable amount of children are forced to cope with all different types of maltreatment. Sexual abuse, physical abuse and mental abuse are widely known and beginning to be better understood. Neglect is also a form of maltreatment which can have long lasting effects on individual’s abilities to interact socially, maintain meaningful relationships, and live full and significant lives. Gaining insight about neglect will prove to be highly beneficial in aiding the healing of children who have been subjected to the specific form of maltreatment. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Neglect <ul><li>Defined as lack of attention and due care. </li></ul><ul><li>Most difficult form of abuse to determine, due to the subtly of its nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Can have long-lasting and detrimental impacts throughout the course of a child’s life. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Early years <ul><li>During the early and highly impressionable years of child’s life bonds are formed which help to establish appropriate means of developing relationships later in life. </li></ul><ul><li>Should a child be neglected during this time, his or her ability to effectively initiate and maintain relationships later in life are highly effected. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Behaviors Resulting from Neglect <ul><li>Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Low Self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Substance Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Stunted ability to initiate and maintain appropriate relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>High Insecurity </li></ul><ul><li>Avoidant Behaviors (DePanfilis, 2006). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Adult Relationships <ul><li>Both males & females report higher rates of cohabitation vs. marriage.* </li></ul><ul><li>Higher rates of walking out on a marriage.* </li></ul><ul><li>Higher instances of divorce.* </li></ul><ul><li>Females not subjected to neglect hold romantic partners in much higher regard than neglected counterparts. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-neglected individuals hold monogamy to a much higher standard (Colman & Widom, 2004). </li></ul><ul><li>*of individuals subjected to neglect. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Potential Legal Troubles <ul><li>A child’s age, race, sex, and specific experiences of neglect can have a direct impact on subsequent adult arrests (Grogan-Kaylor & Otis, 2003). </li></ul><ul><li>While some correlations can be drawn due to aforementioned factors, it is imperative to evaluate every incident on a case by case basis (Kinard, 2004). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Social Factors <ul><li>Low socioeconomic status </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of education </li></ul><ul><li>Household density </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational status </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of employment </li></ul><ul><li>Can have a direct barring on poor developmental outcomes (i.e. early signs of aggression and onset of delinquency)(Knutson, DeGarmo & Reid, 2004). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Types of Neglect <ul><li>Denial of Care – children subjected to this form of neglect are often left to “fend for themselves”. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally discovered by individual outside of family structure (i.e. teacher, neighbor, bus driver, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Significant change in child’s appearance (i.e. dressed shabbily, dirty, under fed, squalid living conditions) (Knutson et al, 2004). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of Neglect cont’d. <ul><li>Supervisory neglect – inadequate supervision of a child, lack of parental involvement in activities, lack of parental involvement with child’s school (Knutson et al, 2004). </li></ul><ul><li>The greater the lack of supervision in conjunction with the younger the age of the child yields a greater potential for delinquency, anti-social behaviors, and aggression (Knutson et al, 2004). </li></ul>
  11. 11. Legislation (weaknesses) <ul><li>Due to the ambiguous nature of neglect, investigation and prosecution of the crime becomes increasingly difficult. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1999, legislators in Minnesota attempted to improve legislation by expanding the law to include children who were exposed to family or domestic violence (Edelson, Gassman & Hill, 2006). </li></ul><ul><li>Six per one-thousand to twenty-two per one-thousand children have reported maltereatment (Shlonsky & Friend, 2007). </li></ul>
  12. 12. Legislation (weaknesses) cont’d. <ul><li>The figures presented on the previous slide are often considered inaccurate the general lack of reporting maltreatment of children. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to Minnesota, many legislators across the country have attempted to broaden the scope of the law to include neglect or instances of viewed violence by children with little success. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, agencies one would assume would work in tandem to assist children subjected to neglect find themselves significantly hindered by the ambiguity of neglect. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Awareness (strengths) <ul><li>In spite of legislation and political red tape, awareness is being raised regarding the maltreatment of children in the form of neglect. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Conclusion <ul><li>It is important recognize the children who are developing these negative behaviors do so as a means of coping. Having been “nurtured” to believe aggression alleviates threat and helps to foster independence maltreated children often find themselves punished, facing severe consequences, or disciplined for emulating what has been modeled in their homes. Ultimately, neglect is a terrible issue that plagues households and children all across country, and although it will never wholly be eradicated, it can be greatly diminished with the help of devoted individuals willing to put forth the time and effort. </li></ul>
  15. 15. References <ul><li>Colman, R,, & Widom, C. (2004). Childhood abuse and neglect and adult intimate relationships: a prospective study. Child Abuse & Neglect , 28 (11), 1133-1151. </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal neglect: Substance abuse, juvenile justice and the children left behind. (2004). National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse , 177. </li></ul><ul><li>DePanfilis, D. Children's Bureau, Office of Child Abuse and Neglect. (2006). Impact of neglect </li></ul><ul><li>Edleson, J, Gassman-Pines, J, & Hill, M. (2006). Domestic violence, child </li></ul><ul><li>neglect, legislation, child protection services, battered women. </li></ul><ul><li>Social Work , 51 (2), 167-174. </li></ul><ul><li>Grogan-Kaylor, A, & Otis, M. (2003). The effect of childhood maltreatment on adult criminality: A torbit regression analysis. Child Maltreatment , 8 (2), 129-137. </li></ul><ul><li>Kinard, E. (2004). Methodological issues in assessing effects of maltreatment characteristics on behavioral adjustment in maltreated children. Journal of Family Violence , 19 (5), 303-318. </li></ul><ul><li>Klevens, J, & Whitaker, D. (2007). Primary prevention of child physical abuse and neglect: gaps and promising directions. Child Maltreatment , 12 (4), 364-377. </li></ul><ul><li>Knutson, J, DeGarmo, D, & Reid, J. (2004). Social disadvantage and neglectful parenting as percursors to the development of antisocial and aggressive child behavior: testing a theoretical model. Aggressive Behavior , 30 (3), 187-205. </li></ul><ul><li>Shlonsky, A, & Friend, C. (2007). Child maltreatment and domestic violence. Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention , 7 (4), 249-382. </li></ul>

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