Visual Dictionary - Veneer


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Visual Dictionary - Veneer

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary<br />Plywood-Windows<br />
  2. 2. Plywood<br />Plywood is board formed through gluing together thin layers of wood, with the grains at right angles to each other. Veneer is a material formed from the gluing of a layer of finely grained wood on top of layers of inferior wood.<br />
  3. 3. Radiant Barrier<br />Radiant barrier is a reflective material that inhibits the transfer of heat by radiation, installed at the roof line/ceiling.<br />
  4. 4. Rebar<br />This is ½” rebar, thus called #4 rebar. The deformation pattern is rolled onto the rebar so that the concrete can grip the rebar.<br />
  5. 5. Steep Roof Drainage<br />Gutters catch rain water and lead it to a down spout which leads the water away from the building, preventing soil erosion and foundation damage. Both are usually made from vinyl or aluminum. The gutter is U-shaped while the downspout is tube-shaped.<br />The splashblock is a concrete block that catches the water from the downspout to prevent erosion.<br />Gutter<br />Downspout<br />Splashblock<br />
  6. 6. Steep Roof Materials<br />Underlayment is tar/asphalt-impregnated paper used as temporary weatherproofing and to block the infiltration of moisture through the roof. <br />Clay Tile<br />
  7. 7. Steep Roof Materials Cont.<br />Stamped-Metal Shingles<br />Shingles are small, light-weight units applied in overlapping layers; metal, wood, or asphalt.<br />
  8. 8. Steep Roof Materials Cont.<br />Metal Roofing<br />Can be made of tin, aluminum, steel, copper, and alloys.<br />
  9. 9. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gambrel<br />Mansard<br />Hip<br />Gable<br />
  10. 10. Steep Roof Terms<br />Eave: The edge of the roof that runs horizontally across the façade, comprised of the rafter ends used to construct the roof.<br />Fascia: Flat, horizontal band that runs the roof’s perimeter<br />Soffit: The horizontal underside of a roof overhang.<br />Rake: The pitched edge of a gable roof. Rakes may be close, or extend from the building to allow for an overhang.<br />
  11. 11. Steep Roof Terms Cont.<br />Ridge: The apex of a pitched roof<br />Valley: A change in roof direction, where two planes meet at the bottom of their pitch to make a valley with two steep slopes running up and away from it<br />No fascia<br />
  12. 12. Stone<br />Random Ashlar<br />Random Rubble<br />
  13. 13. Stone Cont.<br />Coursed Ashlar<br />Coursed Rubble<br />
  14. 14. Vapor Retarder<br />Vapor retarder is placed on the interior side of insulation in order to control the passage of moisture through the walls of a structure.<br />
  15. 15. Waterproofing<br />Waterproofing is a membrane that resists standing water under pressure.<br />Liquid-Applied Membrane<br />
  16. 16. Weep Hole<br />Weep holes are cavities in brick walls, created by rope laid in a joint during construction and later removed, or by leaving the mortar out of a head joint. They allow moisture that accumulates through the brick and mortar to flow out from behind the wall.<br />
  17. 17. Windows<br />Casement: This is a casement window as it is hinged on a vertical jamb. It is opened by a crank system<br />This is a Double-Hung Window because both sashes are movable.<br />
  18. 18. Windows Cont.<br />This is an Awning Window as the sashes swing outward, hinged on the head jamb.<br />