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Acheron river

  1. 1. Bücher machen, Theater bauen, Geschichten erzählen 2018-1-DE03-KA229-047388_2
  2. 2. Acherontas river: Orpheus and Evridiki
  3. 3. Rivers are a source of life….
  4. 4. ….joy……
  5. 5. …and happiness…
  6. 6. But in ancient Greece there was a river which brought only grief, pain and tears……
  7. 7. And this river was……
  8. 8. The name itself caused the ancient Greeks discomfort, as it derives from the word «ἄχος» (achos), which describes deep sadness, sorrow and grief….
  9. 9. According to the Greek Mythology, Acheron gave water to the thirsty Titans during their battle with the sons of Cronus.
  10. 10. This caused the fury of Zeus, who punished Acheron by sending him to a depth as long as the distance between the Earth and the Sky, bittering his waters too.
  11. 11. According to the Greek Mythology, Hermes was the soul carrier.
  12. 12. Hermes gave the souls to Charon, the boat owner, who the souls had to pay, so that they would end up in the kingdom of Hades.
  13. 13. The gates of Hades were guarded by a three-headed monster, Kerveros. Once someone went through the gates, there was no turning back…
  14. 14. With one exception… An exception that proves that true love can even bring someone back to life….
  15. 15. Music was for the ancient Greeks something more than just simple entertainment….It was Mathematics, it was the Algebra of the metaphysical theories, it was knowledge, it was a force that was “supernatural”…..
  16. 16. According to the tradition, the lyre of Zeus used to spell magic on the stones and rocks, so that the rocks themselves moved and built the walls round Thebes, leaving seven gates, one for every string of Zeus’s lyre….
  17. 17. But no matter how many stories and myths there are, not one is more touching than the love story of Orpheus and Evridiki…..
  18. 18. Orpheus: The son of the king of Thrace Oeagros and the muse Kalioppi, known for the magic strength of his lyre, his music and his poetry…..
  19. 19. According to the legend, Apollo himself taught Orpheus how to play the lyre, giving him his own lyre as a gift….
  20. 20. Orpheus’s music was so sweet, that no one could resist, not even the wild beasts of the Thrace forests, where he would wander playing his music and singing…..
  21. 21. There, in the forest of Thrace, he met the nymph Evridiki, who he married….
  22. 22. But their happiness did not last long, as Evridiki was bitten by a snake and died…..
  23. 23. Orpheus was shattered and sang so bitterly, that even the stones cracked….And this is why the gods, who loved him so much, allowed him to go down to the kingdom of Hades, meet Pluto and ask him to take Evridiki back…..
  24. 24. So he set off to Hades, Hermes led him, and with his sweet melodies he put the guard of Hades, Kerveros, into sleep…..
  25. 25. Pluto gave in to Orpheus’s grief and music….But he had a proposal to make….
  26. 26. He would let him take Evridiki to the Upper World, on one condition…Orpheus must not look at her before they reach the surface of the Earth…..
  27. 27. Orpheus could not be happier! He agreed and with Hermes as their guide out of Hades, headed towards the exit, Evridiki following them two…
  28. 28. But just a few steps before the exit, carried away by his love and happiness, Orpheus turned his head towards Evridiki and took a glimpse of her….
  29. 29. She at once disappeared, leaving him all alone…..Again….
  30. 30. ….by the waters of Acheron river…..

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