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Urban design elements for a successful city

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A brief presentation on urban design elements for a successful city.

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Urban design elements for a successful city

  1. 1. Urban design elements for a successful city A brief introduction to streetscape level planning ideals Swetha Ramesh | Final year | MIDAS
  2. 2. “A city is more than a place in space, it is a drama in time” - Patrick Geddes
  3. 3. URBAN DESIGN ELEMENTS BUILDINGS – creates identity and a sense of space. PUBLIC SPACES form the backbone of a city – forms the stage and backdrop of city life. STREET SCAPES – are part of what defines a city and what makes each city unique. TRANSPORT SYSTEMS – connect parts of city and help shape them, and enabling movement LANDSCAPE helps define the character and beauty of a city and creates soft, contrasting spaces and elements. ILLUSTRATION SOURCE: dreamstime stock images
  4. 4. Let’s talk about Streetscape
  5. 5. What is a street scape ? “a view or scene of streets, especially in a city.” Sidewalks Street corners LandscapeSeatingTrash bins Public art Fences/walls Special event spaces Lighting Utilities Elements of a streetscape: ILLUSTRATION SOURCE: self
  6. 6. SIDEWALKS/PLATFORMS PURPOSE : Platforms are pedestrian friendly systems where the users have ample access and mobility. They also function as outdoor rooms and gathering places, and help define community character. STANDARDS for Indian cities • Obstruction Free Min. Walking Zone shall be 1.8 M X 2.4 M – both horizontally & vertically. • Maximum height of a pavement shall not exceed 150 MM (6”). SOURCE : UTTIPEC) Delhi development authority SOURCE : Streetscape Design Guidelines SOURCE : City of Surrey’ s sidewalk RULES FOR SUCCESS • The material used should be slip resistant • No obstacles on the side of travel • Should be partially covered by greenery
  7. 7. SIDEWALKS AND ROADS IN KALPAKAM, TAMILNADU SIDEWALKS – DIRTY AND DAMAGED WHEN THIS COULD BE THIS WHY NOT ?
  8. 8. TRASH RECEPTABLES PURPOSE : Strategically located garbage receptacles/spitoons and cigarette ash cans help keep areas clean and attractive. Segregated trash cans in Seattle Condition of trash in India Well segregated trash on a sidewalk NEED • Min. of one trashcan per street corner • Street food places must place Trashcans for their own purpose. • Segregation for better recycling RULES FOR SUCCESS • Conveniently located • Easily accessible • Well protected from animals • Segregation • Regular emptying - For a cleaner looking space and better ambience.
  9. 9. PUBLIC ART PURPOSE : Public art can help establish a unique identity, enhance civic pride, depict a cultural or historic event, and add interest to public spaces. Art installation using drain pipes in Surat Wall art in fort kochi, kerala PRINCIPLES • Public art can be used in dead spaces Or in the utility zones • Can be used to enhance the visual character Of a place RULES FOR SUCCESS • Can be used in spaces to add character • Delivers a social message • Interactive public art
  10. 10. LIGHTING PURPOSE :Lighting of the street system, including adjacent sidewalks, walkways and bike lanes, increases security and pedestrian safety and comfort. PRINCIPLES • Lighting should be done with reference to the Human scale and to provide light under trees • Lighting levels between 0.5 to 2.0 foot-candles should be provided along pedestrian pathways • Lighting must be functionally appropriate and properly scaled to both pedestrians and vehicles. RULES FOR SUCCESS • Can be used in combination with public seating or public art • Use solar power & in combination with Seasonal elements • Additional special lighting to be given at Nodal points ; crossings, subways & alleys Well lit street in los angeles Led lit roads in Delhi Bollard lighting
  11. 11. FURNITURE PURPOSE :Waiting and resting areas along walkways provide welcome relief to pedestrians, and a place to sit together, interact, and observe. PRINCIPLES • Should not obstruct views • Ample space should be available for pedestrians to walk • Simple fixed furniture to avoid theft/damage RULES FOR SUCCESS • Can be used in combination with public public art and lighting • Use in areas of high pedestrian traffic • Smart use of materials and design will enhance function and utility Seating with arm rests to avoid people From sleeping on it Seating under a tree – for shade; space saving Seating in combination with lighting
  12. 12. And possibly the most important of them all…
  13. 13. LANDSCAPE PURPOSE :Landscape is not only used as a shading element but also as a buffer element to cut down vehicular noise and pollution to make the pedestrians feel more comfortable. PRINCIPLES • Planting of deciduous along foot paths • Minimum width of 2.5’ for trees • Short trees with large canopies not recommended • Lighting must be provided under trees RULES FOR SUCCESS • Easy maintenance trees which require less water • Can be combined with signage/mailboxes/ seating; • Upward branching trees for good visibility in critical areas Upward branching trees For better visibility (India) Self illustration Landscape used as a buffer between sidewalk and road Shrubs used along the sidewalk as a buffer
  14. 14. ILLUSTRATION SOURCE: self
  15. 15. SOURCES • Article on city of Cheyenne – urban design elements • UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority, Delhi Development Authority; Master Plan for Delhi -2021 (2001) • Principles of urban design – Kevin llynch • Ministry of Urban Development; National Urban Transport Policy (2006) • Government of Seattle, Seattle Right of Way Improvement Manual (2008) …thank you!

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