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What role can publishers play in the open data ecosystem?

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Presentation at session 3 of the NIH workshop 'Role of Generalist Repositories to Enhance Data Discoverability and Reuse' on Feb 11th, at the NIH Main Campus.

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What role can publishers play in the open data ecosystem?

  1. 1. What role can publishers play in the open data ecosystem? Varsha Khodiyar, PhD NIH workshop: Enabling Data Re-use 11th February 2020 IllustrationinspiredbytheworkofChienShiungWu
  2. 2. 1 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 Why share research data?
  3. 3. 2 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 Understanding researcher perspectives on data sharing 1. Practical Challenges for researchers in data sharing. figshare. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.5975011.v1 2. The State of Open Data Report 2018. figshare. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.7195058.v2 3. Challenges and Opportunities for Data Sharing in China. (2019). https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.7718441.v1 4. Challenges and Opportunities for Data Sharing in Japan https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.7999451.v1 5. The State of Open Data 2019. figshare https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.9980783.v2
  4. 4. 3 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 Reported motivations for sharing data from The State of Open Data 2019 and 2018 surveys Which circumstances would motivate you to share your data? 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Increased impact and visibility of my research Public benefit Getting proper credit for sharing data Journal/publisher requirement Transparency and re-use Funder requirement Institution/organisation requirement Trust the person requesting my data It was made easy and simple to do so Freedom of information request It was a field/industry expectation Other (please specify) I would never share my data 2018 2019
  5. 5. 4 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 4 RESEARCH SOLUTIONS Credit and visibility for data
  6. 6. 5 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 Credit with data focused publications www.nature.com/scientificdata https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com Data Descriptor Data peer review Sound science Emphasis on enabling data reuse Data Note Short format Sound science Emphasise on data sharing
  7. 7. 6 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 Increasing visibility of data Linking papers to their supporting data in a repository associated with an average 25% increase in citations Preprint: arxiv.org/abs/1907.02565
  8. 8. 7 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 Reported concerns about sharing data 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% I have no desire to share my data Other Others may not be able to repeat my findings Others may find errors Data are too small or unimportant No concerns about sharing data Data are too large to share Another lab may make a different interpretation of my data Not know what repository to use Contain sensitive information Lack of time to deposit data Organising data in a presentable and useful way Unsure I have the rights to share Costs of sharing data Not receiving appropriate credit or acknowledgement Unsure about copyright and licensing Concerns about misuse of data 2019 2018 from The State of Open Data 2019 and 2018 surveys What problems/concerns do you have with sharing datasets?
  9. 9. 8 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 8 RESEARCH SOLUTIONS Practical advice, help and training
  10. 10. 9 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 Advice and guidance • Research Data Helpdesk researchdata@springernature.com • Run by members of the Springer Nature Data Publishing team • Expertise in data curation and management, archiving and digital preservation, copyright and licensing, Open Access publishing • Guidance on writing data availability statements • Contextual examples from all disciplines • Recommended repositories list • More than 100 repositories; transparent criteria for approval • Supports community/discipline-specific repositories
  11. 11. 10 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 https://partnerships.nature.com/product/nature-research-academies-research-data-workshops/ Developing researchers’ data sharing skills
  12. 12. 11 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 To help researchers and journals follow good practice in sharing and archiving of research data, we now offer optional data deposition and curation services for any journal in any discipline. Research Data Support service Researchers submit their data files securely The Research Data team curates the data and metadata The data are published and linked to the author’s paper More information is available on our website https://go.nature.com/ResearchDataServices
  13. 13. 12 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 Addition of missing information Error correction Suggestions to increase FAIRness Improvements to manuscript tables, text or figures to aid understanding and reuse of the work Data access or data license conditions updated at repository or manuscript to aid accessibility Repository metadata improved to aid dataset discoverability Improvements to file names and/or file structure at the repository to aid understanding and reuse of the work Possible outcomes of curation Manuscript text Manuscript figure Manuscript table Data files at the repository
  14. 14. 13 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 13 When researchers share their data in a reusable way we see…
  15. 15. 14 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 According to CrossREF, cited 130 times. (February 2020) Data reuse and citation by researchers
  16. 16. 15 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 Data reuse by (some of) the same researchers 15
  17. 17. 16 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 Data reuse by other researchers in the same field The data paper made it easier to use the data, for me it was critical that everything was there…all the technical details like voxel size. Prof. Daniele Marinazzo
  18. 18. 17 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 Data reuse by the non-research community http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/12/30/science/history-of-ebola-in-24-outbreaks.html
  19. 19. 18 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 Top motivations for sharing data are credit & visibility, and public benefit Top concerns about sharing data are misuse and lack of knowledge  Publishers can facilitate data publications and data linking to support credit & visibility for data generators  Publishers can support ‘lack of knowledge’ barriers with advice, guidance, training and curation support  Mitigating concerns about data misuse requires cultural change  Data shared in a reusable way ARE reused by a wide range of stakeholders Summary
  20. 20. 19 Enabling data reuse / 11th Feb 2020 19 The story behind the image Chien Shiung Wu (1912–1997) Chien Shiung Wu was a Chinese American experimental physicist best known for conducting The Wu experiment that bears her name. This experiment showed that the conservation of parity was violated by a weak interaction and it was possible to distinguish between a mirrored variation of the world and the mirror image of the current world. This discovery earned Wu the Wolf Prize in Physics in 1978. Varsha Khodiyar, PhD Data Curation Manager, Springer Nature varsha.khodiyar@nature.com For more information on Research Data Support and other data-related activities at Springer Nature: Email: researchdata@springernature.com Website: http://go.nature.com/ResearchDataServices Slide acknowledgements: Grace Baynes, Rebecca Grant, Mithu Lucraft, Samuel Winthrop Thank you

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