Climate powerpoint

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Climate powerpoint

  1. 1. CLIMATE AND TOPOGRAPHY
  2. 2. Tropical Rainforest Humid Subtropical Mediterranean Savanna Steppe Desert Highland Marine
  3. 3. Over 50% of Africa has inadequate precipitation 92% of the continent of Africa experiences climatic contrasts; shortage of water where it is needed most and oversupply of water where it cannot be fully used About 8% of Africa has a tropical climate with 10 to 12 months of rainfall
  4. 4. Africa has about one-third of all the arid lands in the world Africa does not show excessive variations of temperature Great heat is experienced in the lower plains and desert regions of North Africa
  5. 5. The most important climatic differences are due to variations in the amount of rainfall
  6. 6. Vegetation in February and August Intensified rainfall especially on the shores of the Gulf of Guinea and in the upper Nile basin
  7. 7. Did you Know? The rainiest district in all Africa is a strip of coastland west of Mount Cameroon, where there is a mean annual rainfall of about 390 in (9906 mm) as compared with a mean of 458 in (11600 mm) at Cherrapunji in Meghalaya, India
  8. 8. •The countries bordering the Sahara desert are much exposed to a very dry wind, full of fine particles of sand, blowing from the desert towards the sea. Egypt = khasim Mediterranean = sirocco Guinea coast = harmattan
  9. 9. •THE HIGHEST POINT IN AFRICA IS MOUNT KILIMANJARO, 5891.8 METERS (19330 FT) IN TANZANIA. THE LOWEST POINT IS LAKE ASAL 153 METERS (502 FT) BELOW THE SEA LEVEL, IN DJIBOUTI
  10. 10. The Great Rift Valley is one of the world's longest earthquake faults.

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