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Human Tradition Summaries 1-10

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Human Tradition Summaries 1-10

  1. 1. By Vanessa Hebert
  2. 2. Section 1: Maria Antonia Muniz- Frontier Matriarch Lived 1762 – 1870 in Uruguay (which was caught in conflict between Brazil and Argentina Status of frontier civilian / widowed matriarch Chief activities of raising 13 children and managing family estates
  3. 3. Maria Antonia Muniz (cont’d) General History:  Issues of royalism vs. patriotism & empire vs. independence overshadowed by conflict between countries and frontier life  Land of opportunity = land of danger  Lived during Spanish – American wars of 1810 brought profit due to Brazilians moving across the borderland  Cattle and land were their livelihood  Suffered watching murders among children ultimately due to political and economic unrest  Left a legacy of frontier, hard intense life, and maintaining culture and family tradition in spite of hardships
  4. 4. Section 2: Carlota Lucia de Brito Women, Power and Politics in Northeast Brazil Lived during mid-1800’s in Brazil Mistress of Paraiban politician in small town of Pernambuco, Brazil PERNAMBUCO (home) >> << Pedro II (ruler of Brazil during Carlota’s life)
  5. 5. Carlota Lucia de Brito (cont’d) General history: Gained political power through politician boyfriend Survivor or refugee from drought in small town (1854) which severely altered social and political conditions Incurred conservative thirst for vengeance upon the plot of the murder of a politician (fighting for honor) Relevant to historical context due to the issues of:  Women’s rights  Family-based politics of Brazil at the time  Unrest of deciding between old ways and new ways  Mirrors impact of liberal vs. conservative and European versus Iberian influences in Brazil
  6. 6. Section 3: Nicolas Zuniga y Miranda – Mexican Sartre on the Zocalo Lived 1856 – 1927 during the rule of Porfirio Diaz in Mexico Earned prestige based on scientific inventions and earthquake prediction jests (acquired the wealth of politician status and ran against Diaz in 1896 and 1900) Explanation of “bad faith” in the midst of political growth (town drunks, negative impacts, etc.)
  7. 7. Nicolas Zuniga y Miranda (cont’d) General History: Represents one facet of political inconsistency and satire during the turn of the nineteenth century (standing against mainstream values) Comical characteristics that deflected criticism of colleagues and political opponents Utilized streetcorner preaching and melodrama tactics Represents an important stand against serious political actors of his day – “sanctioned or not – he’s nobody’s fool” ( Beezley, 74)
  8. 8. Section 4: Pedro Crespo – The Rough and Tumble Career Grew up in Temax, Mexico near the Gulf of Mexico and lived from 1870 to late 1940 Humble village origins >> revolutionary prominent military player Stood with the establishment <<Temax, Mexico (near Merida) in the Gulf of Mexico >>
  9. 9. Pedro Crespo (cont’d) General History: Prime example of the conflict regarding what type of people should be considered Mexican – the seriousness of the conflict of the Mexican Revolution Rising military leader able to bridge gaps between villagers and political ends Crespo = cautious policeman turned vengeful revolutionary Became the Yucatan’s most successful insurgent at a time when it was a political vacuum at the fall of Diaz Represents a regional revolutionary hero who left a legacy that remains critical to politics in Mexico
  10. 10. Section 5: Pagu: Patricia Galvao - Rebel Lived 1910-1962 in Sao Paulo, Brazil Public Figure status – gained through her published writings and politically agitating public displays Occupied her life with absorbing political taboos and turning contemporary ideologies of Sao Paulo around
  11. 11. Patricia Galvao (cont’d) Monumental figure for:  Women’s rights  Elimination of poverty and class exploitation  Liberation from social norms  View of bourgeoisie politicians as “parasites”  Independence from “rich” aristocracies Never shrank from consequences of idealism  Galvao lost friends, but impacted the “mental horizons” of hundreds of thousands of people
  12. 12. Section 5 – Ofelia Dominguez Navarro: The Making of a Cuban Socialist-Feminist Lived in Cuba during 1930’s through the global frustrations of the depression Politically active Cuban Woman, an example of political voice - the prime of which was 1923-1946 Childhood = Cuba’s struggle for independence Fought against “political immunity”
  13. 13. Ofelia Dominguez Navarro (cont’d)  Known for her political attitudes of  Significant for raising the question of women’s rights in newly independent Cuba  Spoke before political assemblies about women’s rights  Helped form Union Laborista de Mujeres (REFORM)  Noted for understanding the psychology of her jailers while imprisoned for political activism  Ofelia’s personal honesty and passion was an example of horrendous political terror , as well as opportunity, for a person who was meant for revolution regardless of her circumstances
  14. 14. Section 5 – Ligia Parra Jahn: The Blonde with the Revolver Lived in Post WW2 Venezuela (late 1940’s) During transformation to iron-fist gov’t of Jiminez Part of the modest middle class, originally unaware of political issues – but moved to awareness through a government position of dental aid and social security
  15. 15. Ligia Parra Jahn (cont’d) Significance of her story:  Mirrored conflicting old and new values of honor and shame in tradition Venezuelan families through illegitimate sexual relations  Acted “for all women” politically by shooting her ex- partner on a personal account  Was released from jail early out of political discussion being raised about women’s rights and her motivations for killing Josebo  “In part, she was killing herself” by having sex before marriage (Ewell, 221) – Shows the state of women’s rights in the societal context of her relationship with Josebo
  16. 16. Section 6: Irma Muller Lived through the 1980’s in Chile Lost her son and future daughter-in-law in “deseparacidos” during The Dirty Wars Became a representative for justice through relatives’ associations of the “disappeared”
  17. 17. Irma Muller (cont’d) Her story helped me to see that “what is political is also personal” Example of the intense sociopolitical climate that caused the future election of a Marxist president in Chile (Gossens in 1970) “…silence is our worst enemy” – Muller Spent her life committed to the exposure of the severe torturous acts of the Chilean government during this season of her life for the sake of the vindication of her son and his fiancee
  18. 18. Section 6 - Leticia: A Nicaraguan Woman’s Struggle Lived through the 1980’s in Esteli, Nicaragua (two hours from tobacco country) – a place of symbolic significance for the excessive amount of conflict it endured due to its opposition to the Nicaraguan gov’t Grew up impoverished Family tortured for opposing Somoza government Life often touched by U.S. Contras vs. Nicaragua war
  19. 19. Leticia (cont’d) Historical Significance of Leticia’s Story:  Demonstrated how politics is always personal  Showed the modern role of females at the time  Leticia left Nicaragua for emotional reasons relating to her family, but ultimately the problems were caused by tense and difficult external political circumstances  Esteli, her hometown, was a place that she was driven out of due to political strains, but desired to return to because for hope of a future  “Leticia’s problems are not separate or isolated from those of her country”…The struggle continues.
  20. 20. Section 6 – Maria Ferreira dos Santos Set during early 1960’s in Sao Paulo Brazil Member of Christian Base Community (normally the least privileged class of society) Concerned with stimulating political awareness and action in her community through CEBs
  21. 21. Maria Ferreira dos Santos (cont’d) Member of CEBs – social/politically active church Maria was part of this religious response to oppression Committed to the cause of justice through social action through catholic church Sees Jesus Christ as the “liberator of the poor and oppressed” therefore He is the one who cultivates and motivates her political action Significant because these groups will never be internationally recognized as political players – but through people like Maria we see a huge role in “the individual” and awareness raising in Latin America…Maria shows that when people turn to Jesus for solutions, he shows up. Religion is inseparable from people and politics

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