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Indian economy 2015

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The Indian Economy - Statics of economy, Public Finances , 12th fiver year plan.

Published in: Economy & Finance

Indian economy 2015

  1. 1. The Indian Economy - Vandana Puttaparthi
  2. 2. Indian Economy  Location : Asia  Capital : New Delhi  Financial Capital : Mumbai, Maharashtra  India : Developing Nation  Rank : 7th (nominal GDP) / 3rd (PPP)  Currency : 1 Indian Rupee (INR) = 100 paisa  Trade Organizations : WTO, SAFTA, BRICS, G-20 & others  Stock Exchanges : BSE, NSE
  3. 3. Statistics  GDP : $2.308 trillion (Nominal, October 2015) $8.027 trillion (PPP, October 2015)  GDP Growth : 7.0%(Q1 2015 - 2016)  GDP Per Capita : $1,688(Nominal: 131st ; October 2015) $6,209 (PPP: 121st ; 2015)  Inflation : CPI 3.66% WPI -4.96%  Main Industries : Software, Petroleum products, Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Agriculture, Textiles, Steel, Transportation Equipment, Machinery, Leather, Cement, Mining, Construction
  4. 4. Exports  Exports : $313.2 billion: merchandise exports $150.9 billion: services exports $464.2 billion: Total (2013)  Export Goods : Software, Petrochemicals, Agriculture products, Jewellery, engineering goods, Pharmaceuticals, Textiles, Chemicals, Transportation , Ores and other commodities  Main Export Partners : European union 16.7%(2013) United States 12.5% United Arab Emirates 10.1% China 4.9% Sinagpore 4.2%
  5. 5. Imports  Imports : $466 billion: merchandise imports $124.6 billion: services imports $590.6 billion: Total (2013)  Import Goods : Crude oil, Gold and Precious stones, Electronics, Engineering goods, Chemicals , Plastics, Coal and ores, iron and steel, Vegetable oil and other commodities  Main Import Partners : China 11.1% (2013) European Union 10.6% Saudi Arabia 7.9% Unites Arab Emirates 7.1% Switzerland 5.3%
  6. 6. Public Finances  Public Debt : 64.9% of GDP (2014)  Budget Deficit : 3.9% of GDP (2015–16)  Revenues : 27.5 trillion (US$420 billion) (2015,IMF)  Expenses : 37.6 trillion (US$570 billion) (2015,IMF)
  7. 7. Sector and contribution Sector Contribution to GDP (%) Contribution to Employment (%) Agriculture 17 51 Industry 26 22 Services 57 27
  8. 8. Factors Contributing to the Decline of Indian Economy  Unemployment - Unemployment Rate Up at 4.9% in FY14: Labour Ministry.  Government , subsidies, policies  Effect on SENSEX and NIFTY  Global Factors  Taxation Policies
  9. 9. Factors Contributing to the growth of Indian Economy  Rate of Youth – young generation ready to work  Government Policies - Like  Increase in FDI  Increasing Investors  Start up Culture  Low dependency rate  Healthy savings  Increasing integration into global Economy
  10. 10. 12th Fiver year Plan - Highlights  Theme of the Approach Paper is “faster, sustainable and more inclusive growth”  Annual average economic growth rate - 8.2 %  GDP increase of 37%  Agriculture growth of 4%, Manufacturing Sector growth of 10%  135% growth from the 11th five year plan  Areas of main thrust are-infrastructure, health and education  The outlay on health would include increased spending in related areas of drinking water and sanitation
  11. 11. Approaches to achieve results : 1. Enhancing the Capacity for Growth 2. Enhancing Skills and Faster Generation of Employment 3. Managing the Environment 4. Markets for Efficiency and Inclusion 5. Decentralization, Empowerment and Information 6. Technology and Innovation 7. Securing the Energy Future for India 8. Accelerated Development of Transport Infrastructure 9. Rural Transformation and Sustained Growth of Agriculture 10. Managing Urbanization 11. Improved Access to Quality Education 12. Better Preventive and Curative Health Care

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