CIS111 – Basic PC Literacy
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
ESSENTIALS
THE INFORMATION PROCESSING CYCLE
Input Storage
Processing
Output
INPUT DEVICES
• Keyboard
• Mouse
• Touch pad (Laptop computers – mouse)
• Touch screen
• Scanners
• Tablets
• Joystick
• D...
• Processors
• CPU – Central Processing Unit
• Memory Chips
• RAM – Random Access Memory
• ROM – Read Only Memory
PROCESSI...
• Monitor
• Printer
• Speakers and Headphones
OUTPUT
STORAGE
• Recording output:
1. External Hard Drives
2. USB Flash Drives (most commonly used today)
3. CDs
4. DVDs
5. Flopp...
WHAT’S YOUR HARDWARE?
• Monitor:
• Mouse:
• Keyboard:
• Printer:
• Speakers:
• In the blanks, fill in if these types of ha...
COMPUTER SOFTWARE
• PC = Personal Computer
• MS – DOS (command-line
interface)
• Graphical User Interface (GUI –
mouse is used to manipulate...
APPLICATIONS
• Word Processing (MSWord)–
Replaced the Typewriter
• Spreadsheets (MSExcel)–
simple and complex
calculations
APPLICATIONS (CONT…)
• Databases (MSAccess) –
Tracks information &
performs simple calculations
• Presentations
(MSPowerPo...
OTHER APPLICATIONS
• Audio, Video, and Photo Editing
• Graphics and Drawing
• Suites
• Money Management
• Personal Informa...
WHAT’S YOUR APPLICATION?
• Turbo Tax:
• Microsoft Paint:
• Open Office:
• Microsoft Outlook:
• Microsoft Office:
• In the ...
NETWORKS
If you would like to view the video from the next slide from its original location on
YouTube, please click the l...
• WAN’s are when several LAN’s are
connected together.
• Key difference between a LAN and
a WAN is that a company doesn’t
...
• Clients
• Servers
• Switches and Routers
• Connectivity
• Protocols
• Connectors and Ports
NETWORK COMPONENTS
RJ-45 cabl...
THE INTERNET
THE INTERNET
• World Wide Web (www)
• Is a collection of hypertext files, containing graphics,
audio, and video that can b...
Security Issues
Viruses
Worms
Trojan
Spyware
Adware+
= Malware
• Privacy Threats &
Information Theft
• Protection Software
EMAIL ETIQUETTE AND COMPUTER ETHICS
• Etiquette – are the rules
that govern courteous
behavior, such as holding
the door open for
someone.
• When applied to e...
WHAT’S MOODLE, ACCESS EMAIL, AND WEBADVISOR?
• In this class, we are going to use Moodle on a regular basis to submit your...
HOMEWORK #1
• Everyone make sure to turn in your Classwork #1 from today or it is
due a week from today. Make sure to writ...
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Information Technology Essentials

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This is the first set of material my CIS111 - Basic PC Literacy students learn in my class.

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Information Technology Essentials

  1. 1. CIS111 – Basic PC Literacy INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ESSENTIALS
  2. 2. THE INFORMATION PROCESSING CYCLE Input Storage Processing Output
  3. 3. INPUT DEVICES • Keyboard • Mouse • Touch pad (Laptop computers – mouse) • Touch screen • Scanners • Tablets • Joystick • Digital camera • Etc.
  4. 4. • Processors • CPU – Central Processing Unit • Memory Chips • RAM – Random Access Memory • ROM – Read Only Memory PROCESSING
  5. 5. • Monitor • Printer • Speakers and Headphones OUTPUT
  6. 6. STORAGE • Recording output: 1. External Hard Drives 2. USB Flash Drives (most commonly used today) 3. CDs 4. DVDs 5. Floppy Disks (rarely used anymore) 1. 2. 3. 4.5.
  7. 7. WHAT’S YOUR HARDWARE? • Monitor: • Mouse: • Keyboard: • Printer: • Speakers: • In the blanks, fill in if these types of hardware are input OR output (use your books for help if you are not sure.) Input Output OR
  8. 8. COMPUTER SOFTWARE
  9. 9. • PC = Personal Computer • MS – DOS (command-line interface) • Graphical User Interface (GUI – mouse is used to manipulate graphic objects on the screen.) PERSONAL COMPUTER OPERATING SYSTEMS
  10. 10. APPLICATIONS • Word Processing (MSWord)– Replaced the Typewriter • Spreadsheets (MSExcel)– simple and complex calculations
  11. 11. APPLICATIONS (CONT…) • Databases (MSAccess) – Tracks information & performs simple calculations • Presentations (MSPowerPoint) – Creates slide shows
  12. 12. OTHER APPLICATIONS • Audio, Video, and Photo Editing • Graphics and Drawing • Suites • Money Management • Personal Information Management • Collaboration • Gaming • Open-Source (aka free software)
  13. 13. WHAT’S YOUR APPLICATION? • Turbo Tax: • Microsoft Paint: • Open Office: • Microsoft Outlook: • Microsoft Office: • In the blanks, list the categories these major applications fall into (use your books for help if you are not sure.)
  14. 14. NETWORKS If you would like to view the video from the next slide from its original location on YouTube, please click the link below and either way please stop the video at 3:34. This is right before he begins talking about Transmission Technology. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ClPA3F_ZXds Note: The speaker talks low so make sure your volume is up.
  15. 15. • WAN’s are when several LAN’s are connected together. • Key difference between a LAN and a WAN is that a company doesn’t own all the pathways between the computers = data has to leave the LAN area. • (ie: Bank of America has several offices across the country that share data) • LAN’s have several computers that are physically connected to one another via a central hub called a switch. • LAN’s include a server and a shared printer. • (ie: The Academic Skills Lab at ACC) TWO TYPES OF NETWORKS Local Area Networks (LAN) Wide Area Networks (WAN)
  16. 16. • Clients • Servers • Switches and Routers • Connectivity • Protocols • Connectors and Ports NETWORK COMPONENTS RJ-45 cables
  17. 17. THE INTERNET
  18. 18. THE INTERNET • World Wide Web (www) • Is a collection of hypertext files, containing graphics, audio, and video that can be accessed on the Internet. • Electronic Mail (e-mail) • Uses its own protocols to route a message between computers on the Internet and hold it at a destination mail server until the recipient picks it up. • File Transfer Protocol (FTP) • Is an information workspace on the Internet. It is used for file transfer.
  19. 19. Security Issues Viruses Worms Trojan Spyware Adware+ = Malware • Privacy Threats & Information Theft • Protection Software
  20. 20. EMAIL ETIQUETTE AND COMPUTER ETHICS
  21. 21. • Etiquette – are the rules that govern courteous behavior, such as holding the door open for someone. • When applied to emails, improper etiquette can result in serious misunderstandings and ill will among people. • Ethics – are the moral principles that govern behavior. These are the rules we use to determine what is right from wrong. • Ethics should be thought of when one thinks of copyright laws and piracy acts. EMAIL ETIQUETTE AND ETHICS
  22. 22. WHAT’S MOODLE, ACCESS EMAIL, AND WEBADVISOR? • In this class, we are going to use Moodle on a regular basis to submit your assignments. • Also, communication with your instructor is key. The best way to contact me is via email (Access Email provided to you from ACC). I will send you emails every so often and it is your responsibility to check your email regularly. This is a good habit to get into in the Information Technology Age. • WebAdvisor is a website that helps you register for classes, request transcripts, and is what I like to call the GPS for your degree/major. • With that said, lets become more familiar with these websites • First, lets set up your Access accounts if you have not done so already and log into WebAdvisor.
  23. 23. HOMEWORK #1 • Everyone make sure to turn in your Classwork #1 from today or it is due a week from today. Make sure to write your name on your sheet of paper to receive credit. No LATE WORK Accepted! • Knowledge Check Questions pg. 28 in the Information Technology Essentials section of your book • Write out the questions and then answer • Complete numbers: 1, 3, 8, 9, & 15

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