3) INTERACTIONIST/DEVELOPMENTAL PERSPECTIVES: LEARNING FROM INSIDE AND OUT
Problems of Innatism: Too much emphasis on the “final state” but not enough on thedevelopmental aspects of language acquisition.
• Language was ONE manifestationof the cognitive and affective ability to deal with the world • Innatistsdealt with FORMS of the language, not with the FUNCTIONAL levels of meaning constructed from SOCIAL INTERACTION
INTERACTIONISM: Bruner Language acquisitionis an example of children’s ability to learn from experience. What children need to know is essentially available in the language they are exposed to.
the innate learning ability of children LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENTthe environment in which they develop
MODIFIED SPEECH CRUCIAL ELEMENTin language acquisition process
CARETAKER TALK• It is the way adults modify their speech when communicating with kids. • Slower rate of speech • Higher pitch • More varied intonation • Shorter simpler sentence patterns • Frequent repetition • Paraphrase
The Childs Language Environment • The child has MANY OPPORTUNITIES FOR USING the language to communicate to those around him.• Much of THE LANGUAGE IS SIMPLIFIED to the level of understanding of the child.
The Childs Learning Strategies • The child in NOT INTERESTED IN LANGUAGE for its own sake.• The child is NOT DISTURBED by the language he does not understand.• The child ENJOYS THE REPETITIVEevents of his life, and uses this enjoyment to help him learn.
The Childs Learning Strategies • The child USES HIS PRIMARY INTERESTS to help him learn.• The child directs his attention to things that are EASY TO UNDERSTAND. • The child possesses a natural desire TO CALL AN OBJECT BY ITS NAME.
The Childs Learning Strategies• The child adds words to his speakingvocabulary more easily IF HE ALREADYKNOWS HOW TO PRONOUNCE THEM.• The child IMMEDIATELY USES the language, and his SUCCESS IN COMMUNICATION BUILDS CONFIDENCE.
The Childs Learning Strategies• The child uses his natural desire TOPARTICIPATE IN THE LIFE AROUND HIM to help him learn new language. • The child brings TREMENDOUS INGENUITY to the task of learning.