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Valeria shanks week 10 multimedia presentation


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Valeria shanks week 10 multimedia presentation

  1. 1. INNOVATION DEVELOPMENT<br />Valeria Shanks<br />Education 8841 <br />Diffusion and Integration of Technology in Education<br />
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION<br /> What is the significance of Innovation development for computer technology in K-12 schools?<br />
  3. 3. WHY WAS THERE A NEED TO INTRODUCE TECHNOLOGY?<br />Competition with Russia’s space program<br />
  4. 4. RESEARCH<br />What organization (people) developed a solution to the problem?<br />What were the findings?<br />Who were the lead thinkers for innovation of computer technology?<br />
  5. 5. DEVELOPMENT<br />What problems were encountered in the development process?<br />Who was the intended audience for computer technology?<br />
  6. 6. COMMERCIALIZATION<br />Process for production, manufacturing, packaging, marketing, and distribution for Apple which was the first company to donate computers to schools.<br />
  7. 7. Computers evolve through innovation-decision process<br />Knowledge<br />Persuasion<br />Decision<br />Implementation<br />Confirmation<br />
  8. 8. Stage 1—KnowledgeComputer innovation<br />Apple I PC computers are donated to classrooms<br />
  9. 9. Stage II-Persuasion<br />1979 ---Personal computers popularity grows worldwide<br />1981---IBM develops drill and practice software for schools<br />
  10. 10. Stages 3 and 4Decision/Implementation<br />1983 Apple II computer gains acceptance into classrooms<br />
  11. 11. Stage 5--Confirmation<br />1984—Apple Macintosh computer is developed<br />1986– K-12 schools use computers for instruction and guidance purposes<br />1990—Multimedia PCs are developed<br />1994—multimedia capabilities are popularized in schools<br />1995—and beyond Internet gains popularity in schools<br />
  12. 12. Timeline for computer innovation decision process<br />
  13. 13. Innovativeness and Five Adopter Categories<br />Innovators: Venturesome<br />Early Adopters Respect<br />Early Majority Deliberate<br />Late Majority Skeptical <br />Laggards: Traditional Traditional<br />
  14. 14. Rogers’ (2003) Diffusion of Innovations<br />
  15. 15.
  16. 16. Who are the least likely to adopt computer technology?<br />Late Majority: Skeptical<br />Laggards: Traditional<br />
  17. 17. Attributes that affect computer technology adoption<br />1.Relative advantage<br />2. Compatibility<br />3. Trialability<br />
  18. 18. Computer technology adoption(Benefits)<br />Connection with business and government<br />Enhances problem solving skills<br />Collaboration and distance education<br />Exposure to variety of computer programs and software (sharing data)<br />Meets challenges of global communication<br />Preparation for current and future job market<br />Students produce higher-quality work<br />
  19. 19. Predictability for future usage<br />Schools must alter teaching strategies<br />Generate support for technology from parents, community, and business personnel<br />Continual professional development activities for educators on technology usage<br />Equitable distribution of computers among socioeconomic groups<br />
  20. 20. Hybrid ---centralized and decentralized<br />combines centralized and decentralized<br />1. (overall control will rest with local experts) (Research)<br />2. Encourage diffusion through peer networks<br />Problem-centered approach created by needs<br />A high-degree of local adaptation <br />
  21. 21. Change Agents for adoption of computer technology<br />School Superintendents<br />Curriculum Directors<br />Principals<br />Teachers<br />
  22. 22. Change agent for technology integration<br />1) develop a need for change<br />2) establish an information exchange relationship<br />3) translate an intent into action<br />
  23. 23. Computer Technology Critical Mass<br />Computer technology has reached critical mass.<br />My proposal is to integrate technology in K-12 schools that has not adopted a school-wide plan for technology usage.<br />Every teacher and child have access to a computer for instructional purposes.<br />
  24. 24. Need for Computer Technology in education<br />Students support technology in their learning activities<br />Transforms the learning environment<br />Support instruction across the curriculum<br />Develops problem-based and collaborative learning<br />Enhances student-teacher relationships<br />Promotes a variety of instructional strategies<br />
  25. 25. Support for Technology<br />Speak Up Study: Lack of Technology in K-12 Limits Access to Educational Resources & Discourages Student Engagement<br />
  26. 26. Resources for adoption of computer technology<br />Enhancing Education through Technology (Ed-Tech) State Program <br />“The National Education Technology Plan, Transforming American Education: Learning Powered by Technology, calls for applying the advanced technologies used in our daily personal and professional lives to our entire education system to improve student learning, accelerate and scale up the adoption of effective practices, and use data and information for continuous improvement” (<br />U. S. Department of Education<br />
  27. 27. Appeal for technology adoption<br />Researchers have shown why integration of technology has a positive effect on students’ academic and social-based learning skills.<br />Turner (2009) <br />Lewis (2009) <br />Davis, Edmonds & Kelly-Bateman (2008)<br />Norris, Sullivan, Poirot & Soloway (2003<br />
  28. 28. Students’ technology needs are in your hands!<br />
  29. 29. Here and Now!<br /> With technology access students can set<br /> and achieve their goals through:<br />
  30. 30. Students without technology access:<br />
  31. 31. Thank you!<br /> Please support 21st Century learning by integrating technology into our schools.<br />
  32. 32. REFERENCES<br />A brief history of computers in education (n.d.)Science and Technology Communications. Retrieved from<br />Apple Computer Inc. (n.d.) Early History Retrieved from <a href=><br />Cator, K. (2011). Cator says national tech plan puts learning first. T.H.E. Journal, 38 (1).<br />Davis, C, Edmunds, E, & Kelly-Bateman, V. (2008). Connectivism. In M. Orey (Ed.), Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology. Retrieved May, 2011 from<br />Lu, R., Overbaugh, R. (2009). School environment and technology implementation in K-12 classrooms. Computers in the Schools, 26 89-106, DOI: 10.1080/07380560902906096.<br />Murdock, Everett (2007) History, the History of Computers, and the History of Computers in Education. Retrieved from<br />Norris, C., Sullivan, T., Poirot, J., & Soloway, E., (2003). No Access, No Use, No Impact:<br /> Snapshot Surveys of Educational Technology In K-12. Retrieved May, 2011 from <br />,%20No%20Use,%20No%20Impact.pdf<br />Rogers, E. (1962) Diffusion of innovations. Free Press, London, NY, USA.<br />Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of innovations (5th ed.). New York, NY: Free Press.<br />Zuniga, R., (2010) Computer Technology Integration Into the Public School Classroom - A Qualitative Update. Academic Leadership the Online Journal. Retrieved from<br />
  33. 33. References<br />Zuniga, R., (2010) Computer Technology Integration Into the Public School Classroom - A Qualitative Update. <br /> Academic Leadership the Online Journal. Retrieved from <br /><br />om_-_A_Qualitative_Update<br />