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InteractionInteraction
betweenbetween CitizensCitizens and Localand Local
Governments in Ukrainian CitiesGovernments in Uk...
• Public interest in politics
• Dimensions of citizen participation
• Public trust and transparency of local
governments
•...
“Just because you don't
take an interest in
politics, it doesn't
mean politics won't
take an interest in
you.”
(Pericles)
The level of interest in politics in Ukraine, %The level of interest in politics in Ukraine, %
The level of interest in politics andThe level of interest in politics and
age groupsage groups
The level of interest in politics andThe level of interest in politics and
respondent's education
The level of interest in national politics, %The level of interest in national politics, %
The level of interest in local politics, %The level of interest in local politics, %
Political activism of citizens depending on the levelPolitical activism of citizens depending on the level
of their intere...
Why does Citizen Participation matter?
Improve democracy
Better decisions
Increased efficiency
Increased transparency
The Ladder of Citizen Participation (Arnstein)
Citizen Control
Delegated Power
Partnership
Consultation
Informing
Therapy
...
Understanding the levels of public
participation
Increasing level of participation in decision making
Different forms of citizen participation in
Ukrainian cities
The level of political activism of citizens, %The level of political activism of citizens, %
Types of political activities
Appeal to the local authorities
Asking for information
Local public hearings
Signing petitio...
Protest
Types of political activities
Legal demonstrations
Non-legal demonstrations
Strike
Protest activities with materia...
Election
Types of political activities
Voting in elections
Boycotting elections
“Local government representatives treat the interests
of the majority of population higher than their own
interests”
The ability of local government representatives to treat the interests
of the majority of population higher than their own...
“Local government representatives do not abuse their
authority for personal interests”
The ability of local government representatives not to
abuse their authority for personal interests
TheThe 4-4-point scale...
““Citizens have to pay unofficial extra feesCitizens have to pay unofficial extra fees
for services of government agencies...
Share of respondents who had to pay unofficial extraShare of respondents who had to pay unofficial extra
fees for services...
"A lack of transparency results in 
distrust and a deep sense of 
insecurity.“
(Dalai Lama )
Level of trust to city mayorsLevel of trust to city mayors
TheThe 55--point scalepoint scale
Level of trust to city councilLevel of trust to city council
TheThe 55--point scalepoint scale
Ability of citizens to exercise influence onAbility of citizens to exercise influence on
decision-making at the local leve...
Reasons preventing citizens from influencingReasons preventing citizens from influencing
on local decision-making,on local...
Share of respondents who believe that nothing preventShare of respondents who believe that nothing prevent
them to influen...
36%36% of citizens were sure that theirof citizens were sure that their
actions will not yield the expectedactions will no...
Share of respondents who believe that their actionsShare of respondents who believe that their actions
will not yield the ...
Share of respondents who believe that citizens can deliverShare of respondents who believe that citizens can deliver
their...
Will the input be taken into consideration in localWill the input be taken into consideration in local
government decision...
53%53% of surveyed local governmentof surveyed local government
representatives mentioned therepresentatives mentioned the...
”You may never know what results
come of your action, but if you do
nothing there will be no result.”
(Mahatma Gandhi)
“I am satisfied with the performance
of local government”
Share of respondents who are satisfied with theShare of respondents who are satisfied with the
performance of local govern...
“Local government effectively distributesLocal government effectively distributes
budget funds and other resourcesbudget f...
Share of respondents who agree that local governmentShare of respondents who agree that local government
effectively distr...
““Local government representatives provideLocal government representatives provide
good information aboutgood information ...
Poor communication
causes misunderstood
Project “To put a swing in a tree”
Valentyna Zasadko
zasadko_vv@yahoo.com
Interaction between Citizens and Local Governments in Ukrainian Cities
Interaction between Citizens and Local Governments in Ukrainian Cities
Interaction between Citizens and Local Governments in Ukrainian Cities
Interaction between Citizens and Local Governments in Ukrainian Cities
Interaction between Citizens and Local Governments in Ukrainian Cities
Interaction between Citizens and Local Governments in Ukrainian Cities
Interaction between Citizens and Local Governments in Ukrainian Cities
Interaction between Citizens and Local Governments in Ukrainian Cities
Interaction between Citizens and Local Governments in Ukrainian Cities
Interaction between Citizens and Local Governments in Ukrainian Cities
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Interaction between Citizens and Local Governments in Ukrainian Cities

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The presentation is based on results of project “Evidence-Based Local Government Policy Development in Ukraine” initiated by the Association of Ukrainian Cities (AUC) and organized in collaboration with the Norwegian Association of Local and Regional Authorities (KS) and the Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research (NIBR).

Published in: News & Politics
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Interaction between Citizens and Local Governments in Ukrainian Cities

  1. 1. InteractionInteraction betweenbetween CitizensCitizens and Localand Local Governments in Ukrainian CitiesGovernments in Ukrainian Cities Valentyna Zasadko
  2. 2. • Public interest in politics • Dimensions of citizen participation • Public trust and transparency of local governments • Citizens' ability to make difference • Effectiveness of local government activities
  3. 3. “Just because you don't take an interest in politics, it doesn't mean politics won't take an interest in you.” (Pericles)
  4. 4. The level of interest in politics in Ukraine, %The level of interest in politics in Ukraine, %
  5. 5. The level of interest in politics andThe level of interest in politics and age groupsage groups
  6. 6. The level of interest in politics andThe level of interest in politics and respondent's education
  7. 7. The level of interest in national politics, %The level of interest in national politics, %
  8. 8. The level of interest in local politics, %The level of interest in local politics, %
  9. 9. Political activism of citizens depending on the levelPolitical activism of citizens depending on the level of their interest in various types of politicsof their interest in various types of politics, %, % Interest inInterest in politicspolitics Local politicsLocal politics National politicsNational politics InternationalInternational politicspolitics VotedVoted duringduring electionselections Other typesOther types of politicalof political activitiesactivities VotedVoted duringduring electionselections Other types ofOther types of politicalpolitical activitiesactivities VotedVoted duringduring electionselections Other typesOther types of politicalof political activitiesactivities Very muchVery much interestedinterested 9090 5757 9191 5353 91 50 QuiteQuite interestedinterested 8787 4444 8686 4242 85 45 Not quiteNot quite interestedinterested 8282 4040 7676 3838 82 41 NotNot interestedinterested at allat all 6969 2323 6262 1414 70 28
  10. 10. Why does Citizen Participation matter? Improve democracy Better decisions Increased efficiency Increased transparency
  11. 11. The Ladder of Citizen Participation (Arnstein) Citizen Control Delegated Power Partnership Consultation Informing Therapy Manipulation1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Placation 8 Nonparticipation Tokenism Citizen Power
  12. 12. Understanding the levels of public participation Increasing level of participation in decision making
  13. 13. Different forms of citizen participation in Ukrainian cities
  14. 14. The level of political activism of citizens, %The level of political activism of citizens, %
  15. 15. Types of political activities Appeal to the local authorities Asking for information Local public hearings Signing petition Collecting signatures Political speech Distributing political brochures Citizen general meeting Local initiatives Public discussions about local decisions or legislation Local impact assessment Seminars, consultations Local surveys Public meetings with the mayor Meetings with representatives of city council Contact
  16. 16. Protest Types of political activities Legal demonstrations Non-legal demonstrations Strike Protest activities with material or health implications Occuping buildings Blocking streets
  17. 17. Election Types of political activities Voting in elections Boycotting elections
  18. 18. “Local government representatives treat the interests of the majority of population higher than their own interests”
  19. 19. The ability of local government representatives to treat the interests of the majority of population higher than their own interests TheThe 4-4-point scalepoint scale
  20. 20. “Local government representatives do not abuse their authority for personal interests”
  21. 21. The ability of local government representatives not to abuse their authority for personal interests TheThe 4-4-point scalepoint scale
  22. 22. ““Citizens have to pay unofficial extra feesCitizens have to pay unofficial extra fees for services of government agencies”for services of government agencies”
  23. 23. Share of respondents who had to pay unofficial extraShare of respondents who had to pay unofficial extra fees for services of government agencies,fees for services of government agencies, % of those% of those who received such serviceswho received such services
  24. 24. "A lack of transparency results in  distrust and a deep sense of  insecurity.“ (Dalai Lama )
  25. 25. Level of trust to city mayorsLevel of trust to city mayors TheThe 55--point scalepoint scale
  26. 26. Level of trust to city councilLevel of trust to city council TheThe 55--point scalepoint scale
  27. 27. Ability of citizens to exercise influence onAbility of citizens to exercise influence on decision-making at the local level,decision-making at the local level, %%
  28. 28. Reasons preventing citizens from influencingReasons preventing citizens from influencing on local decision-making,on local decision-making, %%
  29. 29. Share of respondents who believe that nothing preventShare of respondents who believe that nothing prevent them to influence local decision-making ,them to influence local decision-making ,%%
  30. 30. 36%36% of citizens were sure that theirof citizens were sure that their actions will not yield the expectedactions will not yield the expected outcomeoutcome
  31. 31. Share of respondents who believe that their actionsShare of respondents who believe that their actions will not yield the desired outcome,will not yield the desired outcome, %%
  32. 32. Share of respondents who believe that citizens can deliverShare of respondents who believe that citizens can deliver their opinion to local government representatives,their opinion to local government representatives, %%
  33. 33. Will the input be taken into consideration in localWill the input be taken into consideration in local government decision-making?government decision-making? %% By evaluation of citizens By evaluation of experts
  34. 34. 53%53% of surveyed local governmentof surveyed local government representatives mentioned therepresentatives mentioned the passive citizen attitudepassive citizen attitude
  35. 35. ”You may never know what results come of your action, but if you do nothing there will be no result.” (Mahatma Gandhi)
  36. 36. “I am satisfied with the performance of local government”
  37. 37. Share of respondents who are satisfied with theShare of respondents who are satisfied with the performance of local governmentperformance of local government, %, %
  38. 38. “Local government effectively distributesLocal government effectively distributes budget funds and other resourcesbudget funds and other resources”
  39. 39. Share of respondents who agree that local governmentShare of respondents who agree that local government effectively distributes budget funds and other resources,effectively distributes budget funds and other resources, %%
  40. 40. ““Local government representatives provideLocal government representatives provide good information aboutgood information about budget allocation”budget allocation”
  41. 41. Poor communication causes misunderstood
  42. 42. Project “To put a swing in a tree”
  43. 43. Valentyna Zasadko zasadko_vv@yahoo.com

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