What are your strategies for using refactoring?
How should I start when I face a Big Mess?
What are the generic emergencies for refactoring and why should be considered?
What are the worst case scenarios related to technical debt refactoring and what skills could help?
How refactoring could help eliminate waste (~Lean Development). Clean code, refactoring and technical debt management could address some significant sources of waste as defects, waiting and overproduction. Ward Cunningham's original concept of technical debt refactoring could be used to achieve an adaptive and lean design (that's more than "emergent").
Avoid and manage the technical debt using Disciplined Agile strategies during the end-to-end development life-cycle.