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Biochips

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Most of us won't like the idea of implanting a biochip in our body that identifies us uniquely and can
be used to track our location. That would be a major loss of privacy. But there is a flip side to this!
Such biochips could help agencies to locate lost children, downed soldiers and wandering Alzheimer's
patients.

Published in: Technology
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Biochips

  1. 1. ABESIT “BIOCHIP” Submitted To Presented By Prof. Surabhi Singh Vaibhav Tyagi
  2. 2. CONTENT  INTRODUCTION  TYPES OF BIOCHIPS  TRANSPONDER  DIFFERENT TRANSPONDERS  IMPLANT  APPLICATIONS  CONCLUSION
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  Symbiosis between electronics and biology/medicine
  4. 4. Multi-disciplinary Approach Engineering Medicine Agriculture Science BIOCHIPSBIOCHIPS
  5. 5. Biochip:Biochip: Smaller than a Postage stampSmaller than a Postage stamp Glass cover In/Out ports Channels/Wells Epoxy adhesive Pin sealed channels and wells (volume of 1 to 10 nL/well) electrodes for detection connecting pads fluidic I/O ports 10mm Bashir et
  6. 6. In Brief  Bio + Chip = Biochip  Bio: stands for any biological entity eg: protein, DNA  Chip: a computer chip  Biochip: a mate between biological entity and a computer
  7. 7. In Brief  Collection of miniaturized test sites of living entities (micro arrays) arranged on a solid substrate that permits many tests to be performed at the same time in order to achieve higher throughput, speed, accuracy and smaller size  Motorola, Hitachi, IBM, Texas Instruments have entered into the biochip business.
  8. 8. Types of Biochips Biochip Function Position Interaction Capture Implantable External
  9. 9. BIOCHIP PLATFORM  Requires micro array technology, transduction and signal processing technologies to output the results of sensing experiments
  10. 10. Transponder  The implantable biochip  Composed of  Microchip  Antenna coil  Tuning capacitor  Glass Capsule
  11. 11. Transponder  Computer Chip: Stores the unique ID number
  12. 12. Transponder  Antenna Coil: Primitive Radio antenna to receive and send signals  Tuning Capacitor: Charged by the small (1/1000 of Watt) signal sent by the reader  Glass Capsule: Made of biocompatible material such as soda lime glass, hermetically (air-tight) sealed, covered with Polypropylene polymer
  13. 13. Active/passive Transponder  The transponder are the actual biochip implant. If It is a passive transponder, meaning it contains no battery or energy of its own. In comparison, an active transponder would provide its own energy source, normally a small battery. Because the passive contains no battery, or nothing to wear out, it has a very long life up to 99 years, and no maintenance. Being passive, it is inactive until the reader activates it by sending it a low-power electrical charge. The reader reads or scans the implanted biochip and receives back data (in this case an identification number) from the biochips. The communication between biochip and reader is via low-frequency radio waves. Since the communication is via very low frequency radio waves it is nit at all harmful to the human body.
  14. 14. Implant  Injected by a Hypodermic syringe beneath the skin  Usually behind the neck in cats and dogs
  15. 15. Reader/Scanner  Transmits a small signal  Charges the tuning capacitor  ID number transmitted by the transponder
  16. 16. APPLICATIONS  Biochip as Glucose Detector  Biochip as an Blood Pressure sensor  Biochips really are potent in replacing passports, cash, and medical records  A biochip can store and update financial, medical, demographic data, basically everything about a person  Implanted under the skin with a unique ID number  Now widely used in monitoring pets and animals in zoos
  17. 17. Advantages  Small in size  Faster & powerful  Detect multiple viral agents in parallel  Long Life  Stores personnel data  Ease of use  Human tracking etc..
  18. 18. Disadvantages  Loss of privacy  End of human freedom and dignity  Expensive  Cannot be fabricated at high density and mass
  19. 19. CONCLUSION  Within ten years you will have a biochip implanted in your head consisting of financial status, employment and medical records.  A biochip implanted in our body can serve as a combination of credit card, passport, driver’s license and personal diary. And there is nothing to worry about losing them.  It is said that by 2018, all members of typical American family including there pets will have microchips under their skin with ID and medical data
  20. 20. Questions ???
  21. 21. For more details contact  Fb.com/vaibhav02394  www.hulkat.com  www.tec2talk.blogspot.com

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