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Trudy Huskamp Peterson

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To Have and to Have Not
Trudy Huskamp Peterson

Archives without borders
August, 30th 2010
Peace Palace, The Hague

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Trudy Huskamp Peterson

  1. 1. To Have and To Have Not: Archives as Information, Archives as Symbol Trudy Huskamp Peterson .
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Part 1. Archives as symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Part 2. Archives as protected cultural property </li></ul><ul><li>Part 3. The case of the cross-cultural digital copying project </li></ul><ul><li>Part 4. Adjusting the relationship between object and information </li></ul>
  3. 3. Part 1. Archives as symbol <ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral </li></ul><ul><li>International </li></ul>
  4. 4. . <ul><li>. </li></ul>
  5. 5. . <ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>The Shoah Memorial </li></ul>
  6. 6. .
  7. 7. . <ul><li>Poland and Russia: </li></ul><ul><li>The Katyn controversy </li></ul><ul><li>Armenia and Turkey: </li></ul><ul><li>The Ottoman Archives </li></ul>
  8. 8. .
  9. 9. Part 2. Archives as protected cultural property <ul><li>The right to information </li></ul><ul><li>The right to property, cultural property, and the state </li></ul><ul><li>Separability of information and object </li></ul><ul><li>UNESCO Memory of the World </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Right to Information <ul><li>Article 19, Universal Declaration of Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Principle 2, Joinet Principles Against Impunity </li></ul>
  11. 11. The right to property, cultural property, and the state <ul><li>Article 17, Universal Declaration of Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>1954 Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property </li></ul>
  12. 12. UNESCO Memory of the World <ul><li>1993 Memory of the World background paper: “two forms of heritage will be distinguished: first, information itself, incorporeal and of intrinsic value; second, the material objects which serve as supports to that information.” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Mid-1990s View <ul><li>Archival heritage is part of the cultural heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting cultural heritage is a state responsibility but of world interest </li></ul><ul><li>Distinction between control of object and control of information </li></ul><ul><li>Keepers of cultural heritage to balance property and knowledge rights </li></ul>
  14. 14. Part 3. The case of the cross-cultural digital copying project <ul><li>The acquiring institution </li></ul><ul><li>The archives </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons archives agree to projects </li></ul><ul><li>Loss to the archives </li></ul>
  15. 15. Part 4. Adjusting the relationship between object and information
  16. 16. Options <ul><li>1. Licensure </li></ul><ul><li>2. Revised research applications </li></ul><ul><li>3. State copyright or state export controls </li></ul><ul><li>4. ICA principles on international copying projects and model agreements </li></ul>
  17. 17. Reprise <ul><li>Balance the right to control cultural heritage and the right to know </li></ul><ul><li>Balance the control of the object and the control of information </li></ul><ul><li>Principle of respect and fair dealing </li></ul>

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