Benefit to industry: VTT’s customers have commercialised scalable spectral sensing for applications such as mobile drug detection by the police, optimisation of agricultural production and the remote measurement of patient respiration in a hospital environment. VTT has developed tiny hyperspectral cameras for a large number of challenging applications. These include the diagnosis of skin cancer, environmental sensing based on nanosatellites, various drone applications for precision agriculture and forest monitoring, and the remote measurement of vessel emissions. Combining both measurement methods creates information that is more precise, reliable and more useful for improving industrial processes than ever before.
Future benefit to consumers: The development of autonomous systems is changing the way we interact with our everyday environment. In the future, our entire living environment will be subject to smart sensing. For example, a refrigerator will be able to automatically measure deviations in the freshness of food. Sensors will be built into household appliances and devices used by people. Smart household appliances will be able to advise people, for example by sending a message to a mobile phone. In the future, spectral data gathered by sensors will provide an extra sense for machine vision applications. It will enable several development pathways towards raising industrial production and make both agricultural robots and autonomous cars safer and more precise. This will require thousands of smart sensors that are networked together.
Hyperspectral imaging combines an image with spectral sensing
Nanosatellites are transforming traditional space exploration – they can be developed quickly and provide real-time information on outer space, the atmosphere and the Earth. Costs are significantly reduced when cameras can be launched on several nanosatellites rather than one big satellite. With hyperspectral imaging, even pharmacies will be able to monitor skin health and changes in moles. On the other hand, the authenticity of products and foodstuffs can be verified in shops in emerging markets.
The combination of raw data from various sources will change the world. Data from satellites, drones and sensors on measured objects can be combined to produce much more accurate and reliable information than before. Drones and automation are transforming agriculture. Data conveyed by spectral sensors will help to conserve valuable resources when various stages of farming can be optimised.
Smart sensing will permeate our everyday lives. No ready-made solution yet – customer company will package VTT’s expertise to form commercial applications. Applications will create new business and make solutions widely available that make life easier and improve production. VTT’s hyperspectral imaging is a market-changing technology. To achieve this potential, the commercialising company must master seamless cooperation between AI, high-speed networks and cloud services. VTT understands the entire smart-sensing ecosystem and works with the best in the industry to create commercialisable and scalable solutions for business needs. Mobile and smart applications connectable to various platforms will enable completely novel solutions for industry and services, which meet the needs of the fourth industrial revolution. To succeed, system automation, machine vision applications and the freeing up of human resources from mechanical tasks require cooperation between top talents in all sectors. The University of Jyväskylä has developed AI for the smart sensing ecosystem for VTT.
Added value for customers VTT uses the success of its customers as the indicator of a technology’s value. VTT’s customers have shone at the world's largest event in the photonics sector, Photonics West – Three companies became finalists in and two won the Prism award, the most prestigious in the sector. (For example, Spectral Engines’ food scanner, 2018) VTT has customers around the globe, ranging from small start-ups to multinationals.
VTT's technology is scalable for mass production. Hyperspectral cameras and spectral sensors have been reduced in size to a few millimetres and can therefore be integrated with handheld devices. Thanks to VTT, sensors previously only used in laboratories are now available anywhere. Smaller sensors enable measurement and analysis on the spot, e.g. in open country. Mass production enables the commercialising company to produce applications at consumer prices and bring them into the daily lives of thousands of people . VTT is working alongside companies to commercialise the technology and launch optical sensor products on the market. Skin cancer can already be detected using a hand-held device, co-created alongside Revenio.
From hospital-based to patient-friendly health care with the help of VTT VTT is helping to make the health care more patient-friendly while preserving personal integrity, privacy and freedom of choice. Diagnostics will be taken out of the hospitals and made more accessible and available to larger groups of users, such as pharmacists. In place of a specialist, a smart sensor can screen thousands of people and its services can be duplicated in many places close to people's everyday lives, such as pharmacies or health centres. A respiration sensor can measure the quality of exhaled air, the quality of sleep and the wellbeing of people at risk. Medical staff can monitor results remotely, enabling greater privacy and freedom for the patient. Applications developed by VTT support decision-making by doctors and reduce the burden on health care services.
VTT has developed the sensors and lenses needed for hyperspectral imaging, and made the hyperspectrum visible. As a result, we can detect lack of water and nutrients in soil, plant diseases, the ripeness of crops, and the spoiling of food – in other words, everything that affects the availability and price of food.
Agriculture is being rapidly digitalised. National Land Survey of Finland, University of Jyväskylä and LUKE are using raw data to assess the fertilisation need and harvest time of hay, in real time based on data from drones. VTT technology is enabling the digitalisation of the entire agricultural sector. In the future, spectral sensing and hyperspectral imaging will function as the senses of agricultural robots at harvest time, enabling the control of the robots to obtain optimum yields. Spectral sensing and AI can be used for the remote control of robots and making agricultural production more efficient. In the future, it will be possible to identify the composition of food, food by food type, and possibly harmful substances.
Impacts: Optimisation of existing arable land – in many places, crops are up to 50 % poorer than they could be*. Production could be improved by several tens of percentages. By optimising fertilisation, crop conditions and the timing of harvests, the highest possible yield and best nutrients can be obtained from the same surface area. Sensors can also be used to obtain the best possible properties in feed, for optimising the productivity of livestock.
* Source: http://science.sciencemag.org/content/345/6194/325.full, University of Minnesota
The President’s FY 2018 Budget Request supports $27.8 billion for drug control efforts spanning prevention, treatment, interdiction, international operations, and law enforcement across 14 Executive Branch departments, the Federal Judiciary, and the District of Columbia. / White House
Based on a unique solution by VTT, hyperspectral imaging or spectral sensing can be used to assist in a number of security-related areas. Companies are using VTT’s technology to create new, groundbreaking solutions in order to achieve a safer future. The police can use spectral sensors for drug detection. TactiScan by Spectral Engines detects drugs and provides the police with the related data immediately on site. Drones can provide situational information to ensure public safety. Hyperspectral cameras have also been used to investigate crime scenes and investigate art forgeries. (University of Jyväskylä in cooperation with Specim, VTT)
The small size of hyperspectral cameras enables their use in nanosatellites. Several nanosatellites can be used to image the same phenomenon. Several images provide more detailed data. Spectral cameras can be used for measurements from nanosatellites or drones, and to obtain time-series data on issues such as ozone depletion and atmospheric temperatures. Drones can be used to remotely measure ship emissions and for regulatory oversight to ensure that shipping companies comply with emission regulations.
“Senop has developed the world’s smallest and most lightweight frame based Hyperspectral Camera. The camera provides full 2D images at every exposure enabling hyperspectral stereophotogrammetry in UAVs first in the world. The core of the camera is Fabry-Perot Interferometer developed by VTT.” http/www.senop.fi
VTT creates sixth sense for humanity
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 1
1. VTT creates smart-sensing superpower
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 2
In the future, we will be able to identify skin cancer, narcotics, pollution and crops maturity
with a hand-held hyperspectral camera and spectral sensors.
and their properties
Sees more in a picture than is visible to the
2. Spectral sensing provides highly precise sensory
information on site
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 3
Areas of application:
Industrial process control
Smart home environment,
appliances and devices
Car engine optimisation
Companies such as
Spectral Engines are taking
VTT’s technology to the
AI immediately relays
the information on a
composition Spectral sensors
AI analyzes the sensed data
3. Hyperspectral imaging will provide humanity with new
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 4
Areas of application:
Agriculture and food industry
Using nanosatellites to measure
Remote detection of ship emissions
Detection of skin cancer with hand-
Machine vision applications
Counterfeit detection and crime
Verifying the authenticity of
Monitoring condition of forests and
Safety and situational awareness
Small and lightweight
Potential new applications
can be created on the
basis of data
4. Hyperspectral imaging is revolutionising agriculture
from outer space
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 5
Sky’s the limit!
• It can be used from
or held in hand by tens
of thousands of users.
• With it we see and
sense things that help
us build a more
sustainable future by
5. VTT understands the challenges in creating a solution
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 6
collects data from the measured
integrates sub-areas and
enables the real-time use of data
is created from
provides a benchmark
for the identification of
processes measurement data and
combines it with detected phenomena.
In this way it learns to identify various
6. VTT brings smart sensing out of the lab and into
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 7
hours of development work
User: laboratory staffPrice: €300,000
User: specialist researcher
Price: less than €100
We were the first in
the world to create a
7. Human population is growing and living longer than
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obviousz 8
It is estimated that, by 2100, there will be
twice as many of us as now. The number of
older people in Europe will triple.
How do we take care of them all?
people in the world
Over 60 years old:
of the European
8. VTT mahdollistaa hyvän elämän
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 9
Hyperspectral camera will bring
diagnostics out of hospitals, for
use by larger groups of people.
Carbon dioxide sensors free
up staff during the patient
observation phase. Can
identify sleep and indoor air
For example, automation can
be developed to identify bed
sores and bruises.
9. One third of the food in the world ends up as waste.
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obviousz 10
Over the next 30 years, more food will be needed than in total
during the entire history of mankind.
Even putting the planet’s entire surface under the plough would
10. With the hep of VTT, food production is becoming smarter
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 11
Control agricultural robots
in the future
With the help of spectral sensing,
agricultural robots will optimise the
harvest time to achieve the best possible
nutrients in the crop.
condition of fields
A hyperspectral camera
shows where to cultivate,
irrigate and fertilise.
Measure foods in the
Hyperspectral cameras will recognise
the composition of food, food by food
type and possibly harmful substances.
11. The United States spends more than 27 trillion euros
a year on controlling drugs.
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obviousz 12
Safety is a basic human need. How can artificial intelligence and
smart detection mechanisms help us to achieve a safer future?
12. A safer future with the help of smart sensing
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 13
Identify biological traces
Facilitate on-site crime-scene
investigation and reduce laboratory costs.
Expedite police services by
identifying drugs and
narcotics on site.
Track various items
Available for various safety and
terrain-monitoring tasks, such as
13. Climate change and pollution are threats to our living
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obviousz 14
Weather phenomena are creating insecurity and hampering
industrial activity, water resources are becoming overburdened
and unusable, the air is becoming polluted, forests are affected.
How can hyperspectral imaging help during this change?
14. A vibrant industrial sector depends on the wellbeing
of the environment
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 15
Measures condition of
forests and water
Satellites and drones provide
complementary information on
wellbeing of environment across
Nanosatellites can generate
data on atmospheric gases
and key information on the
state of the Earth.
Developed for the control of shipping
15. Companies born from VTT innovations
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 16
Food scanner solution wins 1st prize at
EU Horizon 2017
The VTT-based company develops and produces
smart material detection technologies for various
industries. It has developed the smallest and smartest
spectral sensor in the world for consumer use. The
2017 Achievers Award by the Kauppalehti magazine.
16. VTT’s innovations feed customers’ business
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 17
Hand-held device for detecting skin cancer
The company licenses VTT’s hyperspectral camera
technology. Revenio’s aim is to launch an easy-to-use,
mobile screening device that enables dermatologists to
detect skin cancers and their precursors.
17. Companies born from VTT innovations
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 18
Most up-to-date, cloudless and comprehensive
satellite-based map of the world
VTT originated space data company produces space data
based analysis and monitoring services. The technology is
based on the satellite data processing chains, automatic
image scanning and multi-source data merging. As a result of
this data process Terramonitor creates new information to
support our customers’ decisions and processes.
18. Companies born from VTT innovations
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 19
The world’s smallest and most lightweight frame
based Hyperspectral Camera
Develops and constructs reliable equipment and systems for
safety- and security-critical applications. Designed and built
in Finland with over 75 years of tradition and know-how, all
the devices have been field tested under extreme conditions.
19. VTT:n innovaatiosta syntyneet yritykset
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 20
The Specim IQ hyperspectral camera won gold for
innovation and design
Red Dot 2018 Design Award, Innovators Award Program 2018 and inVISION 2017 and 2018
The VTT-based company manufactures hyperspectral
cameras for purposes such as analysing foodstuffs, sorting
various kinds of materials, plant and colour research, and
geology. The range of products reaches from advanced
remote sensing systems and cameras designed for industrial
needs to easy-to-use portable imaging equipment.
20. VTT’s data processing expertise feeds its customers’
3.10.2018 VTT – beyond the obvious 21
Tracking seedling stand management needs via satellite
imaging – not enough resources for comprehensive field work
The Finnish Forest Centre
VTT has developed a method for assessing the need of early
stage seedling stand management based on satellite images.
Information on brush growth is useful for service providers
that market forestry management services, for example. The
satellite imaging method can also be used to improve the
effectiveness of law enforcement and update information on