This collection of highlights from VTT safety and security research brings to light the vast diversity of the field. In the past, safety and security was all about protecting individuals from threats and dangers in their immediate surroundings. Today, the concept has evolved to encompass entire living environments and the whole of society. Safety and security needs are constantly changing – and the science of safety is evolving accordingly, from reactively studying why things go wrong to proactively learning what makes things go right.
Globalisation has enabled the beneficial free movement of many things, but it has also brought new risks and dangers. Emerging technologies, and their potential for misuse, also present significant new threats. These changes have transformed the basic nature of safety and security, from protection and control of losses to holistic cultivation of operations and resilient facilities and structures. While technology alone cannot assure safety or security, they are unattainable without its support. Many factors contribute to creating and improving safety and security – including their perception in the eye of the user.