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Cow´s milk allergy is a common food allergy especially among infants and young children. The major allergen in cow´s milk is beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) and BLG-specific antibodies are needed for diagnostic, therapeutic, food processing and quality verification applications. At VTT we have established a IgE antibody library from a milk allergic person and identified high-affinity antibodies against native and heat denaturated BLG. As an alternative production system, we have used barley as a production host. Proof-of-concept was gained with expressing the BLG-specific antibody in barley cell culture. Best production levels in barley grains were obtained with glutelin-specific promoter combined to ER targeting and retention signals. The barley-produced BLG-specific antibody was successfully purifed with affinity-based chromatography and the functionality of barley-produced BLG-specific antibody was verified by ELISA and immunoprecipitation assays. The developed barley-based expression system clearly demonstrated its potential for application in the processing of dairy milk products as well as in detecting allergens from foods possibly contaminated by cow´s milk.