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soft ch 203...........?


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soft ch 203...........?

  1. 1. 3 Softening finishes 3.1 Introduction Softening finishes are among the most important of textile chemical after treat- ments. With chemical softeners, textiles can achieve an agreeable, soft hand (supple, pliant, sleek and fluffy), some smoothness, more flexibility and better drape and pliability. The hand of a fabric is a subjective sensation felt by the skin when a textile fabric is touched with the finger tips and gently compressed. The perceived softness of a textile is the combination of several measurable physical phenomena such as elasticity, compressibility and smoothness.1–3 During preparation, textiles can become embrittled because natural oils and waxes or fibre preparations are r