DESERT RESOURSES AS AN INDIA TOURISM PRODUCT Submitted to Submitted by Mr. Abin Sajin M
INTRODUCTION Miles of gigantic horizon, sand mounds, scorching heat, nomadic life and that too with a camel safari, this is what Indian deserts look like. Deserts in India are mainly spread over the states of Rajasthan and southern portion of Gujarat and Punjab Their eloquent history and never changing dynamics have surely a catch of eye among sightseers around the globe. World famous Thar Desert is spread over huge area of more than 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq. mi.) and being the 9th largest tropical desert in the world, it is one of the most sought after tourist place in India.
Located….Indian desert lies towards the western margins of Aravalli hills. InIndia the Thar desert extends from the Sutlej River, surrounded bythe Aravalli Range on the east, on the south by the salt marshknown as the Rann of Kutch (parts of which are sometimesincluded in the Thar), and on the west by the Indus River . Itsboundary to the large thorny steppe to the north is ill-defined., about 3/5th of the total geographical area of the state.
Climate…. Desert is an undulating sandy plain coveredwith sand dunes. Desert region receives verylow rain fall below 150mm per year all falling between July and September The climate is harsh with temperatures ranging form near freezing up to 50°C
People…..The Indian Desert is mainly inhabited by Hindus, Muslims , and Sikhs . A colourful culture rich in tradition prevails in the desert. The people have a great passion for music and poetry. The main occupation of the people in desert is agriculture and animal husbandry . The living standard of the people in the desert is low.
Important desert destinations in India Thar Desert Jodhpur desert Jaisalmer Bikaner Kutch desert
Thar Desert Location : Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujrat Area : 446,000 square kilometres Features : Rolling Sand Hills, Scant Rainfall Average annual rainfall : 100 to 500 mm Also known as the Great Indian Desert, the Thar Desert extends into two states of north west India (Rajasthan and Gujarat) and in the eastern region of the neighbouring country, Pakistan. The desert is bordered by Indus and Sutlej river in the west and the Aravalli ranges in the east. The alluvial plains of Haryana and Punjab occupy the northern region. Thar Desert in India fascinates tourists by giving tourists an amazing opportunity to enjoy its world famous Camel Safari.
The Thar desert is the most densely populateddesert in the world, with a population density of 83 people per km2. vs 7 in other deserts. Jodhpur , the largest city in the region, lies in the scrub forest zone. Bikaner and Jaisalmer are located in the desert proper
Jodhpur Desert Desert of Jodhpur is also known as the Sun City. Desert of Jodhpur is set at the edge of Thar Desert in Rajasthan.Major AttractionsThe major attractions of Desert of Jodhpur areMehrangarh Fort, Umaid Bhavan Palace andJaswant Thada. Jodhpur Desert Camp The most famous Jodhpur Desert Camp is located in Osian village on Jodhpur-Jaisalmer highway.
Jodhpur Desert festival expresses culture andtraditions of Rajasthan. The most famousJodhpur Desert festival is Marwar Festival Jodhpur Desert Festival also includes Jodhpur International Desert Kite Festival and Nagaur Fair. The Jodhpur Desert Festival serves as a platform to perform local customs that have been there since times immemorial.
Attractions.. Mehrangarh Fort Umaid Bhavan Palace Jaswant Thada
Jaisalmer : Weigh the unending desert with Sam sand dunes Thar Desert, Jaisalmer Being at the beautiful sand stretches of sand dunes, approx 40 Km far from Jaisalmer is the best way to explore the Great Indian DesertSpecially, witnessing the beauty of sunrise andsunset at Jaisalmers Sam sand dunes form thebest excursion which one can have in desertexploretaion.
ATTRACTIONS…. Jaisalmer Fort Jain heritage of Jaisalmer Museums
Bikaner…… charm of desert is here Magical Siting on the Camel back, tramping through the yellow sand, and weighing the unending sand land constitute one of the best adventures which one can avail in his desert safari tour.Staying overnight in tents and mud huts, andenjoying various amusing activities are full ofmirth.
AttractionLalgarh PalaceLaxmi Niwas PalaceJunagarh Fort
KUTCH DESERT It is one of the largest seasonal saline wetlands having an average water depth between 0.5 to 1.5 metrs. kutch desert is situated in the kutch district,Gujarat. It was declared a sanctuary in February 1986. The sanctuary supports wide variety of water birds and mammalian wildlife.
Conclusion The desert tourism is one of the most emerging tourismconcept in india. Both cold and hot desert destinations in india.Siachin area is one of the best example of cold desert. Rajasthanthar desert is most famous desert region in india. Some of themost popular festivals and fairs like kach utsav, pushkar fair areattract lots of domestic and foreign tourist in every year. The camelsafari and camping etc, are the other attraction of desert tourism. ReferenceTourism products of india- Robinet jacob,sindhu joseph..Web site-www.google.com/itdcOfficial web site of rajasthan tourismdepartment
Hot and cold desertA Hot and Dry Desert is, as you can tell fromthe name, hot and dry. Most Hot and DryDeserts dont have very many plants. They dohave some low down plants though. A cold desert is a desert that has snow in the winter instead of just dropping a few degrees in temperature like they would in a Hot and Dry Desert. It never gets warm enough for plants to grow. Just maybe a few grasses and mosses.
The cold deserts of India include Ladakh(J&K); Lahaul, Spiti, Kinnaur and Bharmour(H.P.); pockets of nothern Uttaranchal; andSikkim. Hot deserts of india include thar desert,jodhpur,bikaner etc,..