EU best practices on Intangible Heritage and Local Development
Examples onIntangible Heritage’scontribution to rurallocal development:EU practices.F r a n c e s c o R O T O N D O
The concept of Intangible HeritageThe intangible heritage, as a living mirror of cultures and their Interactions, has frequently been held in higher esteem by the Population than the tangible heritage which may be farther Removed from their existence than its intangible equivalent.(Koichiro Matsuura, UNESCO General Director, International ConferenceSafeguarding of tangible and Intangible Cultural heritage: toward an IntegratedApproach, Nara, 2004)• “UNESCO Convention on Intangible Heritage”• “Declaration on Cultural Diversity”
The concept of Intangible Heritage• The term patrimoine cultural immatériel is a french translation of a japanese law of 1948, then we have had the english translation “Intangible Heritage”.• See “Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties, Cultural Properties Protection Department Agency for Cultural Affairs”, Government of Japan , 1948.
The concept of Intangible Heritage• In the International Conference of Jamoto, Japan, in 2004, UNESCO changes its criteria to select the tangible and intangible heritage to protect and hinance.• The iii Criteria of UNESCO Convention on Intangible Cultural heritage declares: to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared; outstanding universal significance, considers that this criterion should be preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria.• This is the choice for an integrated approach to the safeguarding and valorization of Cultural Heritage.
The concept of Intangible Heritage• Analising the articles of Jamoto Convention, we see that the article 4 establish the same value for tangible (cultural, architectural, natural) and intangible heritage;• Art. 9 write that there few examples of intangible heritage which aren’t related to a place or an object as there are few values associeted to a monument or to an historical site that aren’t considered an intangible heritage.• Art. 11 explicitly recall the interdipendence between tangible and intangible heritage … and the necessity to have an integrated approach to the safeguard and promotion of these heritages for the benefit of copmmunities.
The concept of Intangible Heritage• The central role given to the integration between tangible and intangible heritage and to cultural and social heritage more in general conduct to a relevant change in the concept of the safeguarding because it moves from the safeguarding of a single monument to an historical centre and then to a traditional and historical environment.• A traditional and historical environment is every group of buildings or spaces (also including archaeological sites, or every rural or urban settlement) which have a recognised archaeological, historical, prehistorically, aesthetic and socio-cultural value. Récommandation UNESCO sur la Conservation des Paysages Urbains Historiques
The concept of Intangible Heritage• Historical centres and territories in which are included with their communities become fundamental and undivisible concepts.• The key idea is building a territorial cultural system.The identification of a territorial cultural system is based on multiple aspects: – Economical and geographical, – paesaggistici e ambientali, – storico-culturali, – tradizioni culturali – prodotti del territorio – Artigianato – risorse gastronomiche tradizionali.
A case of study – La Région BretagneSoutenir les actions de valorisation etd’interprétation du patrimoine en Cités labelliséesAfter a regional plan for economic development and a regional plan topromote agriculture, the Region has “labelled” cities caracterised bycertain criteria:1. Petites Cités de Caractère (PCC),2. Communes du Patrimoine Rural de Bretagne (CPRB),3. Ville, Métropole et Pays dArt et dHistoire et Villes historiques,4. Les Cités d’Art de bretagne.(http://www.cprb.org; http://www.cites-art.com)
A case of study – La Région Bretagne1) Small Towns of Character (PCC) - goals• Support investment and aesthetic enhancement of public or private property items visible public space, located in the influence area of the protection of architectural, urban and landscape (ZPPAUP - Zone de protection du patrimoine architectural, urbain et paysager) or listed as priorities in the plan heritage planning (PAP - plan d’aménagement patrimonial).• Support recovery efforts through the establishment of asset identification circuits or heritage interpretation.• Supporting studies definition of heritage management plan (PAP) required since January 2010..
A case of study – La Région Bretagne 2) Municipalities of Rural Heritage of Bretagne (CPRB) - goals• Support investment and aesthetic enhancement of heritage elements visible from public or private public space identified in the study Label (in center town or area in a village remarkable diffuse) or listed as priorities in the plan heritage planning (PAP).• Support recovery efforts through the establishment of asset identification circuits or heritage interpretation.• Supporting studies definition of heritage management plan (PAP) required since January 2010.
A case of study – La Région BretagneUne trentaine de communes portent le label "Communes du Patrimoine Rural de Bretagne" et mettent en commun leurvolonté de sauvegarde, de mise en valeur et danimation de leur patrimoine architectural et paysager. Des circuits derandonnées pour les uns, des balades champêtres pour les autres vous feront découvrir les bourgs et les villages decaractère de nos communes...
A case of study – La Région BretagneSave and enhance the valueEnhance the Awareness of population aboutthe protection and restoration of culturalheritage.Develop and promoteEncourage any new activity that will ensureeconomic development, tourism and culture.Inform and animateDevelop interpretation circuits, tours andentertainment managed by the hinabitants ortheir groups and associations
A case of study – La Région Bretagne City, Country and Metropolitan of Art and History, Historic Cities – goals• Support investment and aesthetic development and heritage interpretation.• Support the development of heritage studies, across the entire town.
A case of study – La Région Bretagne3) Ville, Métropole et Pays dArt et dHistoire etVilles historiques
A case of study – La Région Bretagne4) Les Cités d’Art de bretagne
Thanks for your patient attention Multumesc mult Francesco Rotondo Department of Civil Engineer and Architecture, Polytechnic of Bari, Technical University (Italy) www.poliba.it e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org;