Context and state of the art of tangible heritage in romania

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Context and state of the art of tangible heritage in romania

  1. 1. Context and Stateof the Art ofTangible Heritagein Romania
  2. 2. Small Historic Centres1280Agnitaold centre of commercialexchanges in the valleynowadays is a smalltown, with a semiruraleconomyLack ofpublicresourcesLoss ofpopulationBeautifulplacesthat areeasy tolove
  3. 3. Even Smaller Historic CentresHosmansaxon fortified churchold mechanic flour millwith „Langen &Wolf“motorization - firstOtto engine built underausto-hungarian licenseMarpodsaxon fortified churchXIII centuryToo muchlove willkill them?How tolove themthen?
  4. 4. plan + heritagehttp://a1.ro/news/inedit/povestea-morii-lui-assan-cladirea-de-patrimoniu-lasata-in-paragina.htmlHow are thetwo conceptsassociated?Weakness ofregulatory frame:lack ofreinforcement,sometimes poorquality ofdocumentationsestablishing thoserules...Flexibility of thelegislation allowing“negociations”,encouragingcorruption...
  5. 5. plan + heritageICOMOS, UAR, UAUIM, UNRMI... “conservationists”Few people with knowledge on heritage from the “urban” perspectiveeven fewer with the territorial perspective on heritageprofessionals
  6. 6. plan + heritageICOMOS, UAR, UAUIM, UNRMI...Institutions of “conservationists”Sorin Oprescu – themayor of BucharestNicusor Dan – president ofSave Bucharest AssociationHALA MATACHEdemolishedone month agourban development VERSUS heritage protection?
  7. 7. http://www.turismistoric.ro/tag/patrimoniu/plan + heritageTourism agencies,local publicadministrations– “marketing”the heritagePlanyourvacationto seesomeheritage
  8. 8. http://www.turismistoric.ro/tag/patrimoniu/plan + heritageBloggersSpecificNGOsExplainpublicpoliciesto thegeneralpublic
  9. 9. http://www.cimec.ro/Arhitectura.htmlplan + heritageINMI national institutefor historical monuments
  10. 10. specific legislation:tangible heritagePROTECTIONINMI national institutefor historical monumentsplan + heritagehttp://www.cimec.ro/Arhitectura.html...
  11. 11. Law no 5 / 2000Approval of the National Territorial Plansection III: Protected Areasspatialplanningislegallydefinedby theLaw350/2001plan + heritage
  12. 12. Concentrations of built heritage with cultural value of nationalinterest
  13. 13. Concentrations of natural areas considered of national interest
  14. 14. În înţelesul prezentei legi, zonele cu resurse turistice sunt unităţileadministrativ teritoriale de baza, pe teritoriul cărora există o concentrare mare aresurselor naturale şi antropice mari şi foarte mari, ce pot genera dezvoltareauneia sau mai multor tipuri de activităţi turistice.Law no 190 / 2009 – approval of OUG 142 / 2008Approval of the National Territorial Plansection VI: Areas with Touristic Resources
  15. 15. Establishingpriorities
  16. 16. Establishingpriorities
  17. 17. Resurse turistice - componente ale mediului natural şi antropic, care, prin calităţile şi specificullor, sunt recunoscute, înscrise şi valorificate prin turism, în măsura în care nu sunt supuse unuiregim de protecţie integrală. Resursele turistice pot fi naturale şi antropiceResurse naturale - elemente geomorfologice, de climă, de floră şi de faună, peisaje, zăcămintede substanţe minerale şi alţi factori.Resurse antropice - monumente arheologice, situri arheologice, monumente, ansambluri şirezervaţii de arhitectură, monumente şi ansambluri memoriale, monumente tehnice şi de artă,muzee, elemente de folclor şi artă populară etc.Zonă turistică - teritoriu caracterizat printr-o concentrare de resurse turistice, care poate fidelimitat distinct ca ofertă, organizare şi protecţie turistică.Infrastructură specific turistică – resurse materiale care îşi datorează existenţa activităţiituristice – sunt destinate exclusiv turiştilor.Infrastructură tehnică – Infrastructura edilitară a localităţilor reprezintă ansamblul deconstrucţii, instalaţii tehnologice, echipamente funcţionale şi dotări specifice prin care suntasigurate serviciile publice de gospodărie comunalăGLOSSARY IN THE LAW
  18. 18. http://www.mie.ro/_documente/dezvoltare_teritoriala/amenajarea_teritoriului/patn_elaborate/secVI/raport_mediu/faza2/vol1/cap2.pdf
  19. 19. http://www.mie.ro/_documente/dezvoltare_teritoriala/amenajarea_teritoriului/patn_elaborate/secVI/raport_mediu/faza2/vol1/cap2.pdf
  20. 20. 1. Arii naturale protejate;2. Parcuri naturale / naţionale şiRezervaţia Biosferei Delta Dunării;a. Regiunea biogeografică Continentală;b. Regiunea biogeografică Alpină;c. Regiunea biogeografică Stepică;d. Regiunea biogeografică Panonică;e. Regiunea biogeografică PonticăPrin Ordinul ministrului mediului şidezvoltării durabile nr. 776/2007, publicatîn Monitoruloficial al României Partea I-a nr.615/5.09.2007, s-au declarat siturile deimportanţă comunitarăca parte integrată a reţelei ecologiceeuropene Natura 2000 în România.http://www.mie.ro/_documente/dezvoltare_teritoriala/amenajarea_teritoriului/patn_elaborate/secVI/raport_mediu/faza2/vol1/cap5.pdf
  21. 21. http://www.mie.ro/_documente/dezvoltare_teritoriala/amenajarea_teritoriului/patn_elaborate/secVI/raport_mediu/faza2/vol1/cap5.pdf
  22. 22. http://www.mie.ro/_documente/dezvoltare_teritoriala/amenajarea_teritoriului/patn_elaborate/secVI/raport_mediu/faza2/vol1/cap2.pdf
  23. 23. www.cjsibiu.ro
  24. 24. GAL Microregiunea Hârtibaciuwww.gal-mh.eu
  25. 25. Assessment of/commentary on advantages and gapsRomanian territorial and urban planning systemhas European roots.The French “aménagement du territoire” has been the maininspiration for the planning model embraced by the Romania.The regional economic approach coming from the French matrix,the social development component make the Romanian planningsystem fit to cope with regional planning requirements and toevolve towards full fledged spatial development planning.Draft of Romanian National Report - NIUSR URBANPROIECT - march 2007
  26. 26. The lack of a proper integration of territorial planning and regionaldevelopment is a weakness. For the moment, the two activitieshave not enough connected legislation and they are coordinated,at central level, by two distinct ministries.At regional level the gap between the two activities is moreevident. Only two of eight development regions have a regionalspatial plan. The fact that the regions are not territorial -administrative structures and they have not their own regionaladministration entails the powerlessness of the regional spatialplans.Draft of Romanian National Report - NIUSR URBANPROIECT - march 2007
  27. 27. CONCLUSIONS:legal and institutional frameTechnicalargumentPolitical willcommoninterests of thelocalcommunityLack ofresourcesforreliableandrelevantdataLack ofinterestfor“planning”Not awareof the useofterritorialapproach“collective” interest hasnegative connotations from thecommunist regimeDISCONNECTIONS
  28. 28. CONCLUSIONS:needs for changes of legal and institutional frameusually following theCHANGES OF ATTITUDES AND WAYS OF DOINGTechnicalargumentPolitical willcommoninterests of thelocalcommunityCONNECTIONSBuilding up accessibleand clear argumentsopeningofprofessionalstowardsparticipationand wakeningfrom apathy for localstakeholdersLocal democracyat work:better chances insmall communitiesAccountability

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