Development of regulations for the offshore wind energy sector - Crew transfer, large wind farm ships and the IMO
Development of regulations for theoffshore wind energy sectorCrew transfer, large wind farm ships and the IMOMartin JohnHead of Centre (SHIPS)Danish Maritime Authority Offshore Wind Energy Seminar June 27, 2012
Development of regulations for theoffshore wind energy sector• Introduction• Stakeholder interests; Economic sustainability of investments, quality, transfer of personnel, safety of passengers and health protection.• Existing Regulatory Environment .• IMO developments regulatory framework• DMA focus areas• DMA and the industry; partnership and cooperation
Market has developed dramatically• Sector of growth• Need for, and obligations toward renewable energy• Offshore wind turbines becoming increasingly common• Innovation - new concepts• Combination of Offshore and Maritime experience• Need for transfer of service and maintenance staff• Accident preparedness
Stakeholder interests – Political and Industry interest in economic growth – Focus on cost effective solutions – Need for new designs to meet environmental conditions and cost efficiency – Commercial impact on investment –resale/ charter
Stakeholder interests – Transfer between jurisdictions – High quality standards and service – Regulatory frame clear and adapted to the industry
Stakeholder interests – Administrations support of industry conditions – Focus on safety in the transport and transfer of passengers and personnel – Safeguarding of employees and personnel
Regulatory Environment• Increased regional and international focus on existing regulatory frame• Offshore units – MODU code• Combined Offshore/Ship – SOLAS + MODU code + + (SPS)
Regulatory Environment• Cargo ship – SOLAS – (SPS Code if “Special personnel” ) + (SPS Code)• Passenger ship – If more than 12 passengers or – workers not engaged on the ship
Regulatory Environment• Non-convention vessels (max 12 passengers, below 24 meters/500 GT) – National regulations – (Regional agreements)• Regional regulated vessels (more than 12 passengers in national trade)
IMO developments regulatory framework• Differing stakeholder interests / opinions on the applicability of existing IMO instruments to offshore wind farm vessels and, whether persons transported on these vessels should be categorized as “special personnel” or “passengers”. – Standards considered too high – And only partial adaptable to the industry
IMO developments regulatory framework• Existing agenda item in The Sub-Committee on Ship Design and Equipment (DE) on development of amendments and unified interpretations to the 2008 SPS Code.• Additional item included in the agenda with proposal to – investigate the need for clarification of classification of vessels in the offshore industry with regard to guidance provided in relevant IMO codes and guidelines.
IMO developments regulatory framework• Submission to DE 56 (Feb. 2012) proposing to develop a more suitable classification of offshore wind farm vessels (i.e. offshore wind farm construction vessels (OWFCV) and offshore wind farm service crafts (OWFSC)) and• non-mandatory guidelines clarifying the application of existing IMO instruments to these types of vessels, as well as clarifying the status of the specialized personnel carried on board
IMO developments regulatory framework• The majority of the delegations in IMO, while acknowledging the fast growth of the wind farm industry as one of the sources of renewable energy, were of the view that there was no need for the development of a separate Code for wind farm vessels and supported further clarification of the application of existing IMO instruments. (e.g. the 2009 MODU Code and the 2008 SPS Code) to OWFCV and OWFSC, in order to – avoid the development of a multitude of different codes for different ship types and with duplicating requirements. =
IMO developments regulatory framework• With respect to the transport of industrial personnel by sea, which is not specifically covered in any IMO instrument, many delegations supported the need to further clarify relevant categories of personnel, e.g. passengers, seafarers, special personnel or other categories, in terms of applying relevant requirements, as well as competencies and training requirements.
IMO developments regulatory framework• DE 56 agreed that there is an urgent need to further consider the application of existing IMO instruments to OWFCV and OWFSC, including a gap analysis, and to further clarify the application of relevant requirements concerning industrial personnel transported by sea.
DMA focus areas• Focus on safety – transfer of personnel and passengers at highest standards – Ensure quality shipping through compliance with internationally agreed high safety standards – working environment and health protection – safety of navigation for the surrounding merchant shipping and protection of offshore wind turbine installations accordingly
DMA focus areas• To support and cooperate with the industry – participation in development of adaptable national regulations – Support flexibility in the development of international regulation considering industry interests and high quality and safety – Regional cooperation to ensure easy transfer between jurisdictions
Danish Maritime Authority• Presently 14 purpose build offshore wind turbine service vessels under construction for Danish flag• New build High tech/efficient wind turbine installation vessel ready for delivery in the near future• Additional vessels in the pipeline
Danish Maritime Authority• DMA supports the industry with a single point of contact• Aim to promote and effectively strengthen the competitiveness and employment of the maritime industries.• Offers broad competence and Offshore expertiseContact:Danish Maritime Authoritywww.firstname.lastname@example.org