Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Process Control: Tales from the Trenches

416 views

Published on

Is process control in the printing industry sufficient? In this presentation, which was presented at the RIT CMIC Summit, VIGC shows a number of bottlenecks in the current process control. Bottlenecks that should be solved, some of them certainly before we can move on to 'more exciting fields' like printed electronics, printed functionality, etc.

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Process Control: Tales from the Trenches

  1. 1. © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 Process Control, Tales from the Trenches Eddy Hagen General manager VIGC
  2. 2. 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 2 It’s time to move on. Nothing interesting left here.
  3. 3. Industry Challenge • Many people (researchers) are moving on to ‘more interesting’ fields – Is there nothing left to do in the printing/cross-media industry? • Can the current process control be applied to the new fields, e.g. functional printing and printed electronics? – Are our processes well under control? • Let’s look at the real world 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 3
  4. 4. Audience Survey • Do you think the processes in the printing industry (from creation to finishing) are well under control? – Yes, process control is very efficient – In general yes, there are some smaller issues, but these are not that important – No, there are still important gaps 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 4
  5. 5. VIGC • Flemish Innovation Center for Graphic Communication (Belgium) – Not for profit, 250 members (printers, prepress, creative, vendors, brand owners) – Focus on innovation and best practices • Practical solutions to real live problems – Inspired by questions from our members – Search for the root of the problem 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 5
  6. 6. Important gaps in process control • There are still very important gaps (imho) – Color definition and color communication – Color vision and acceptable tolerances – Process control, esp. for other ‘layers’ than color inks 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 6
  7. 7. Color definition, communication • Color definition of e.g. brand colors should be rock solid, but current flow is flawed • How does a designer pick/communicate? – Tale from the Trenches: the Dutch architect – Tale from the Trenches: Artevelde College • 2 identical color guides (2006), 452 patches measured, deviations up to delta E*ab 9.46, average 2, 22% > 3… • 4 guides from different years (2003 > 2006), 56 patches measured, deviations up to delta E*ab 11.87, average 3.95… • Reaction Pantone (during Ipex 2010): “Our production tolerances are narrower than these figures, but I can not reveal the exact numbers.” 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 7
  8. 8. Color definition, communication 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 8
  9. 9. Color definition, communication • Measuring color – Everybody thinks his device tells the Truth (notice the capital T!) – But: still large (*) deviations • Between brands, between devices, at different moments in time • (*) Large: compared to the tolerances some customers demand – ISO 13655:2009 makes it more conforming • But industry needs to be educated! • Sometimes it gets confusing… – Tale from the Trenches: the screen printer – Tale from the Trenches: the Print13 session 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 11
  10. 10. Color vision • The ‘standard observer’ – Do you know the Himba tribe? – Do you know Tetrachromats? – Caucasian vs Asian – Women vs men 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 13
  11. 11. Simulated cone fundamentals for cDa29. Jordan G et al. J Vis 2010;10:12 ©2010 by Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Women with super color vision: tetrachromats
  12. 12. Color vision • Color deviations – Perceptibility vs acceptability – Are these the same for the whole world? – Are these the same for every type op print product? – We need a large scale research! 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 15
  13. 13. Draft ISO 15339-1 (not approved) Different levels of tolerances is a good idea, but… newspapers need different tolerances from high end packaging IMO. And a ‘premium’ newspaper needs different tolerances from a ‘quick & dirty’ newspaper.
  14. 14. Color vision • ISO 3664:2009 (viewing conditions) – Tale from the Trenches: study VIGC: 97% tested light booths do not comply 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 17 Reference color Rendering light booth
  15. 15. Color vision • How do you visually compare colors? – E.g. proof vs press run • Does this compare to ‘real life’? – E.g. ‘gaps’ in between adjacent packages • What does this do to perceptibility / acceptability? – Aren’t we making our lives more complicated then necessary? • Farnsworth-Munsell 100 Hue Color Vision Test: physical vs online 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 18
  16. 16. Process control • How do you control ‘non color’ inks, lacquers, varnishes, other layers of ‘stuff’? • Tale from the Trenches: gold ink • Tale from the Trenches: lacquer & color shift • Tale from the Trenches: glue application • If we are not able to measure/control these accurately in our environment, how will we deal with measurement/control in those new fields, e.g. printed electronics? 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 24
  17. 17. Process control • Color shift caused by varnish – How can you predict the color shift? – And take this into account in the design and proofing phase? 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 25
  18. 18. Process control • Color shift caused by drying… – VIGC tests: shift in magenta of delta E*ab 6! – Tale from the Trenches: customer press check (demanding packaging job) 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 26
  19. 19. Process control • Predictable color on tablets… – Tale from the Trenches: advertising in print vs tablet 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 27
  20. 20. Apple iPad 3 vs Samsung Galaxy Tab S
  21. 21. Conclusion • Color communication: we need a better (rock solid) system for brand colors • Measuring color: interinstrument agreement needs to improve, next to level of knowledge of all people in the industry • Color vision: we need a wide scale (global) insight in color vision, in color appreciation, in color tolerances, even for different product types 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 29
  22. 22. Conclusion • Color evaluation: we need a methodology that reflects real life, the usage of the products in real life, not one that will make the life of a printer miserable • Process control: we need (better) control for ‘non color’ inks and other layers • Only then can we move on… 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 30
  23. 23. Future Research Questions • A wide scale (global) research in color vision, in color appreciation, in color tolerances, even for different product types • A color evaluation methodology that reflects real life, the usage of the products in real life • Process control: we need (better) control for ‘non color’ inks and other layers 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 31
  24. 24. Audience Survey Results • Shift to second computer to display survey results 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 32
  25. 25. 10/19/2014 © Cross-Media Innovation Center – RIT CMIC Summit 2014 33 Thank You! Q & A Eddy Hagen General manager VIGC eddy.hagen@vigc.org

×