Kenya; Rainwater Harvesting For Increased Agricultural Production In Kenya


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Kenya; Rainwater Harvesting For Increased Agricultural Production In Kenya

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Kenya; Rainwater Harvesting For Increased Agricultural Production In Kenya

  1. 1. RAINWATER HARVESTING FOR INCREASED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN KENYA GREATER HORN OF AFRICA RAINWATER PARTNERSHIP/ KENYA RAINWATER ASSOCIATION SECRETARIAT Website: www.gharainwater.orgPresentation held by Dr. David M. Mburu, Chairman of the Kenya RainwaterAssociation, 10.12.2008, Maputo (9th General Assembly of the AACC)
  2. 2. ABOUT KRAKenya Rainwater Association (KRA) is a professional, national membership organization, which is non-profit and non- political, bringing together individuals, institutions and organizations actively involved in enhancing rainwater harvesting and utilization.
  3. 3. ABOUT KRA cont’Kenya Rainwater Association was registered in 1994, under the Societies Act and its activities complement those of individuals, institutions, private companies, NGOs and Government efforts in the water sector.
  4. 4. ABOUT KRA cont’• The current National Development Plan also emphasizes the promotion and utilization of rainwater for sustainable development and this is what KRA is striving to achieve.
  5. 5. VISION• That all people have access to safe and reliable water supplies for domestic, livestock, agricultural and commercial use.
  6. 6. MISSIONOur mission is to improve and promote rainwater harvesting technologies, utilization and management
  7. 7. OBJECTIVESThe main objectives are to promote rainwater harvesting technologies, utilization and management, building capacity in rainwater harvesting among professionals, technicians, artisans and communities/land users.
  8. 8. BENEFITS OF MEMBERSHIP INCLUDE• Access to technical and professional advice• Receipt of the Association’s newsletter• Opportunity to participate in meetings, workshops, seminars and conferences• Training and research opportunities• Product marketing and advertisement• Joint rainwater harvesting projects between KRA and Community Based Organizations
  9. 9. ACHIEVEMENTS• Integrated Rainwater Harvesting and Management Program• The main program goal is to promote integrated rainwater harvesting & management (RHM) systems and complementary technologies for water supply, food security, wealth creation and sustainable livelihoods. Towards this goal, KRA/GHARP developed a three-phased program
  10. 10. ACHIEVEMENTS cont’Phase I Case Studies: Entailed evaluation of existing RHM systems and identification of adoption and replication constraints.Phase II Piloting: Focuses on addressing constraints, testing and piloting viable options and dissemination approaches.
  11. 11. ACHIEVEMENTS cont’Phase III Replication and Up-scaling Involves mainly replication and up-scaling of tested RHM systems• Integrated Water Resources Management for Socio- economic Development and Sustainable Livelihoods of Tungu Kabiri Community.• Gedo Region Integrated Rainwater Harvesting and Management Program in Somalia.• Stakeholders Directory• Rainwater Harvesting Expositions• International SearNet Conferences
  12. 12. ON GOING PROJECTS• Improved rural drinking water supply, for ASAL Mwingi and Kyuso Districts sanitation and related. Funded by ACP EU water facility through GAA• Sub-surface dams and sand dams, rock catchment systems, roof catchment systems in schools and VIP latrines.
  13. 13. ON GOING PROJECTS Cont’Integrated RHM systems and complementary technologies for wealth creation and sustainable livelihood in 8 semi-arid Districts in Kenya. Funded by EC through SKILLSHARE international (water pans and earth dams, water regulation system and auxiliary structures sand dams, farm ponds, roof catchments, drip irrigation systems, tree nurseries, fodder/pasture production, DAT, bee keeping and capacity building)
  14. 14. ON GOING PROJECTS cont’• Integrated Water Supply and Improved Sanitation in Rural Schools in Laikipia District. Funded by UNDP (Roof catchment systems, farm ponds, sanitation systems, drip irrigation)
  15. 15. DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSUSAID- UNDP- SEARNET- CORDAID OFDA SGP GWP ProjectUSAID/Pact- KenyaEuropean RELMA- NRRDO Sudan WaterCommission Sida Program
  16. 16. EXAMPLES OF WATER HARVESTING TECHNOLOGIES• Roof water tanks for schools• Community water supply projects
  17. 17. Construction of roof water tank at a school in Makueni District
  18. 18. Completed roof water tank at a school in Makueni District
  19. 19. Community water supply project in Chuka district
  20. 20. Community participation in water tank construction
  21. 21. Formwork for roofing water tank
  22. 22. Water storage tank
  23. 23. In-situ Rainwater Harvesting• Planting pits• Negarims• Range pitting• Ground breaking for rangeland rehabilitation• Fodder preservation
  24. 24. Pawpaw planted in pits in Mwingi District
  25. 25. Negarims for citrus and millet production in Mwingi District
  26. 26. Pits for rangeland rehabilitation in Kitui District
  27. 27. Ground breaking for rangerehabilitation in Baringo District
  28. 28. Demonstration on manual hay baler in Laikipia District
  29. 29. Runoff Water Harvesting• Water ponds• Earth dams• Water pans in rangelands• Plastic lined water ponds• Siltation problems• Desilting with dam scoop
  30. 30. Water pond for livestock inMakanya village, Tanzania
  31. 31. Earth dam and Passion fruitproduction in Laikipia District
  32. 32. Newly constructed water pan in Baringo District
  33. 33. Rehabilitated water pan in Laikipia District
  34. 34. Newly constructed water pan in Koibatek District
  35. 35. Large plastic lined water pond
  36. 36. Plastic lined water pond for water storage
  37. 37. Siltation-challenge in water ponds
  38. 38. Demonstration on dam scoop for desilting water pans
  39. 39. Dam scoop demonstration
  40. 40. Water Utilization• Drip irrigation – Vegetable production – Fruit tree establishment Apiculture• Apiculture (Bee-keeping)• Commercial production by farmer groups
  41. 41. Drip irrigation system
  42. 42. Demonstration on drip irrigation
  43. 43. Tomato production on drip irrigation in Kitui District
  44. 44. Drip irrigation for vegetation growing in Nyando district
  45. 45. Pawpaw grown under drip irrigation in Baringo District
  46. 46. Bee hives for honey production in Laikipia District
  47. 47. Farmer groups growing sweet corn for export in Kibwezi
  48. 48. Salad production for export in Laikipia district
  49. 49. Other Water Harvesting Structures• Rock catchment• Sand dam• Shallow wells in dry riverbeds
  50. 50. Rock catchment dam in Mutomo District
  51. 51. Sand dam fully recharged in Machakos District
  52. 52. Water extraction from sand dam in Somalia
  53. 53. Water from sandy riverbed in Gedo region, Somalia
  54. 54. Shallow well in a dry riverbed
  55. 55. Protected shallow well in a dry riverbed
  56. 56. Camels drinking water from a shallow well in a sandy riverbed
  57. 57. Goats drinking water from a shallow well in a dry riverbed