Kimia Organik
Kimia Organik <ul><li>Unsur yang dibahas terutama: </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon </li></ul><ul><li>Hidrogen </li></ul><ul><li>O...
Kimia Organik <ul><li>Organic chemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with carbon compounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Kim...
Gugus Fungsional <ul><li>Penggolongan senyawa organik dilakukan atas dasar gugus fungsional yang mereka miliki.  </li></ul...
Contoh Kelompok Senyawa Organik <ul><li>Alcohols </li></ul><ul><li>Ethers, </li></ul><ul><li>Aldehydes, </li></ul><ul><li>...
Asal Senyawa Organik <ul><li>All organic compounds are derived from a group of compounds known as hydrocarbons </li></ul><...
Pengelompokan Hidrokarbon <ul><li>On the basis of structure, hydrocarbons are divided into two main classess – aliphatic a...
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons <ul><li>Alkanes </li></ul><ul><li>Alkenes </li></ul><ul><li>Alkynes </li></ul><ul><li>Alkanes have ...
The essential characteristic of alkane hydrocarbon <ul><li>The characteristic of alkane hydrocarbon molecules is that only...
Alkana = Hidrokarbon Jenuh <ul><li>The alkanes are known as saturated hydrocarbons because they contain the maximum number...
Penggolongan Hidrokarbon Hidrokarbon Aliphatic Aromatic Alkanes Cycloalkanes Alkenes Alkynes
Valensi Carbon = 4 Valensi Hidrogen = 1 Valensi Oksigen =2 C H O
Valensi Nitrogen = 5 N Valensi Hidrogen = 1 Valensi Oksigen = 2 Cl O
Contoh Alkana yang paling sederhana C H H H H Methane
C C H H H H H H Ethane
Prophane C H H H C C H H H H H
H n-Buthane C H C C H H H H H C H H H
iso-Buthane C H H H C H H H C H H H C H
n-Pentane Boiling Point 36.1  0 C C C C C C H H H H H H H H H H H H
2-methylbuthane Boiling Point 27.9  0 C C C C C C H H H H H H H H H H H H
2,2-dimethylpropane Boiling Point 9.5  0 C C C C C H H H H H H H H H H C H H
IUPAC <ul><li>International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Kimia organik

5,166 views

Published on

Kimia

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
2 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
5,166
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
282
Comments
2
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Kimia organik

  1. 1. Kimia Organik
  2. 2. Kimia Organik <ul><li>Unsur yang dibahas terutama: </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon </li></ul><ul><li>Hidrogen </li></ul><ul><li>Oksigen </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrogen </li></ul><ul><li>Chlor </li></ul><ul><li>Sulphur, </li></ul><ul><li>Fluor, </li></ul><ul><li>Boron </li></ul><ul><li>Silikon </li></ul><ul><li>Bromium </li></ul><ul><li>Iodium </li></ul>
  3. 3. Kimia Organik <ul><li>Organic chemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with carbon compounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Kimia organik adalah cabang ilmu kimia yang banyak membahas senyawa berbasis unsur karbon. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Gugus Fungsional <ul><li>Penggolongan senyawa organik dilakukan atas dasar gugus fungsional yang mereka miliki. </li></ul><ul><li>A functional group is a group of atoms that is largely responsible for the chemical behaviour of the parent molecule. </li></ul><ul><li>Gugus fungsional adalah sekelompok atom yang sangat bertanggung-jawab terhadap perilaku molekul induknya. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Contoh Kelompok Senyawa Organik <ul><li>Alcohols </li></ul><ul><li>Ethers, </li></ul><ul><li>Aldehydes, </li></ul><ul><li>Ketones, </li></ul><ul><li>Carboxylic acids, </li></ul><ul><li>Amines. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Asal Senyawa Organik <ul><li>All organic compounds are derived from a group of compounds known as hydrocarbons </li></ul><ul><li>Seluruh senyawa organik diturunkan dari senyawa Hidrokarbon. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pengelompokan Hidrokarbon <ul><li>On the basis of structure, hydrocarbons are divided into two main classess – aliphatic and aromatic. Aliphatic hydricarbons do not contain the benzene group, or the benzene ring, whereas aromatic hydrocarbons contain one or more benzene rings. </li></ul><ul><li>Berdasarkan strukturnya, hidrokarbon dikelompokkan menjadi dua: Hidrokarbon aliphatik dan Hidrokarbon aromatik . Hidrokarbon aliphatik tidak mengandung gugus benzene atau cincin benzene , sedangkan hidrokarbon aromatik mengandung minimal satu cincin benzene. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Aliphatic Hydrocarbons <ul><li>Alkanes </li></ul><ul><li>Alkenes </li></ul><ul><li>Alkynes </li></ul><ul><li>Alkanes have the general formula C n H 2n+2 , where n = 1, 2, . . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Alkana memiliki rumus umum C n H 2n+2 , dimana n = 1, 2, . . . . Dan n menunjukkan banyaknya atom Karbon tiap molekulnya </li></ul>
  9. 9. The essential characteristic of alkane hydrocarbon <ul><li>The characteristic of alkane hydrocarbon molecules is that only single covalent bonds are present. </li></ul><ul><li>Ciri penting dari molekul hidrokarbon alkana ialah hanya mengandung ikatan kovalen tungga. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Alkana = Hidrokarbon Jenuh <ul><li>The alkanes are known as saturated hydrocarbons because they contain the maximum number of hydrogen atoms that can bond with the number of carbon atoms present. </li></ul><ul><li>Alkana dikenal sebagai hidrokarbon jenuh karena banyaknya atom hidrogen yang berikatan dengan karbon adalah maksimum. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Penggolongan Hidrokarbon Hidrokarbon Aliphatic Aromatic Alkanes Cycloalkanes Alkenes Alkynes
  12. 12. Valensi Carbon = 4 Valensi Hidrogen = 1 Valensi Oksigen =2 C H O
  13. 13. Valensi Nitrogen = 5 N Valensi Hidrogen = 1 Valensi Oksigen = 2 Cl O
  14. 14. Contoh Alkana yang paling sederhana C H H H H Methane
  15. 15. C C H H H H H H Ethane
  16. 16. Prophane C H H H C C H H H H H
  17. 17. H n-Buthane C H C C H H H H H C H H H
  18. 18. iso-Buthane C H H H C H H H C H H H C H
  19. 19. n-Pentane Boiling Point 36.1 0 C C C C C C H H H H H H H H H H H H
  20. 20. 2-methylbuthane Boiling Point 27.9 0 C C C C C C H H H H H H H H H H H H
  21. 21. 2,2-dimethylpropane Boiling Point 9.5 0 C C C C C H H H H H H H H H H C H H
  22. 22. IUPAC <ul><li>International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry </li></ul>

×