Sabarmati ashram


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Sabarmati ashram

  3. 3. Sabarmati Ashram Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad Name Proper Sabarmati Ashram name: Location Location: Sabarmati, Ahmedabad, India 23°03′36″N 72°34′51″E23.06°N 72.58083°ECoordinates:Coordinates: 23°03′36″N 72°34′51″E23.06°N 72.58083°E Architecture and culture History Date built: 17 June 1917
  4. 4. Sabarmati Ashram (Gujarati: also known as Gandhi Ashram, HarijanAshram, or Satyagraha Ashram) is located in the Ahmedabad suburb of Sabarmati adjoining tofamous Ashram Road, at the bank of River Sabarmati, 4 miles away from the city Town Hall.This was one of the residences of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. This ashram is now a nationalmonument by the Government of India due to its significance in the Indian independencemovement in the form of the Dandi March in 1930.HistoryThe ashram was originally established at the Kocharab Bungalow of Jivanlal Desai on 25 May1915. The Ashram was then shifted on 17 June 1917 to a piece of open land on the banks of theriver Sabarmati. Reasons for this shift included: Gandhi wanted to do some experiments in living(e.g. farming, animal husbandry, cow breeding, khadi and related constructive activities forwhich he was in search of this kind of barren land.) It was believed that this was ancient ashramsite of Dadhichi Rishi who had donated his bones for a righteous war;, but his actual ashram liesin Naimisharanya, near lucknow , u.p, it is between a jail and a crematorium and he believed thata satyagrahi has invariably to go to either place. Mahatama Gandhi said, "This is the right placefor our activities to carry on the search for truth and develop fearlessness, for on one side are theiron bolts of the foreigners, and on the other the thunderbolts of Mother Nature."While at the Ashram, Gandhi formed a tertiary school that mainly focused on manual labour,agriculture, and literacy to advance his efforts for nations self-sufficiency. It was also from hereon the 12 March 1930 that Gandhi marched towards Dandi,241 miles from the Ashram with 78companions in protest of the British Salt Law, which taxed Indian salt in an effort to promotesales of British salt in India. This mass awakening filled the British jails with 60 000 freedomfighters. Later the government seized their property, Gandhi, in sympathy with them, respondedby asking the Government to forfeit the Ashram. Then Government, however, did not oblige. Hehad by now already decided on 22 July 1933 to disband the Ashram, which later became assertedplace after the detention of many freedom fighters, and then some local citizens decided topreserve it. On 12 March 1930 he vowed that he would not return to the Ashram until India wonindependence. Although this was won on 15 August 1947, when India was declared a freenation, Gandhi was assassinated in January 1948. Mahatma Gandhis Visitor Room at Hridaya Kunj
  5. 5. Present dayThe ashram now has a museum, Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalay. In 1963 the museum building waserected (designed by architect Charles Correa), and memorial activities were then started here.One of the important activities undertaken is the establishment of a Gandhi SmarakSangrahalaya. Initially started in Hriday Kunj, Gandhis own cottage in the Ashram, theSangrahalaya has now shifted to its own well-designed and well-furnished building which wasinaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India, on 10 May 1963.Nandini: It is on the right hand side of Hridaya Kunj. It is an old Ashram guest house, whereguests from India and abroad are put up.Vinoba Kutir: Named after Acharya Vinoba Bhave who stayed here, and also known as MiraKutir after Miraben, Gandhijis disciple, daughter of a British Admiral.Upasana Mandir:It is an open -air prayer ground, situated between Hridaya Kunj and MaganKutir (the hut where Maganlal Gandhi, the ashram manager, used to stay).Here, Gandhiji used torefer to individual questions after prayers and as the head of the family analysed and gave hissolutions. Vinobha KutirGandhi Sangrhalaya "My life is my message" gallery, consisting of 8 life-size painting and more than 250 photo-enlargements of some of the vivid and historic events of Gandhis life Gandhi in Ahmedabad Gallery, tracking Gandhis life in Ahmedabad from 1915-1930 Life-size oil painting gallery Gandhi quotations, letters and other relics exhibition Library consisting of nearly 35,000 books dealing with Gandhis life, work, teachings, Indian freedom movement and allied subjects, and a Reading Room with more than 80 periodicals in English, Gujarati and Hindi
  6. 6. Archives consisting of nearly 34,117 letters to and from Gandhi both in original and in photocopies, about 8,781 pages of manuscripts of Gandhis articles appearing in Harijan, Harijansevak, and Harijanbandhu and about 6,000 photographs of Gandhi and his associates An important landmark of the Ashram is Hridaya Kunj where some of the personal relics of Gandhi are on display Ashram book store, a non-profit book store selling literature and memorabilia related to Gandhi and his life work and also supports local artisans. Oil Painting of Gandhi at Gandhi MuseumAshram Activities The Sabarmati ashram which receives about 7 lakh (700,000) visitors a year houses, photocopies of about 34,000 letters written by Gandhi and about 8000 photographs and 165 films and of course, Hriday Kunj, the house where Gandhi and Kasturba stayed from 1918 to 1930. Collecting, processing, preserving and displaying archival materials (writings, photographs, paintings, voice-records, films, personal clothes etc A charkha used by Gandhi to weave khadi and the writing table he used for writing letters are also few of the priceless items kept here. Microfilming, lamination and preservation of negatives Arranging exhibitions on aspects of Gandhi’s life, literature and activities Publication of the "Mahadevbhani Dairy," which chronicles the entire history of the Indian freedom struggle The Ashram Trust funds activities that include education for the visitor, the community and routine maintenance of the museum and its surrounding grounds Keeping contact with as well as helping and undertaking study and research in Gandhian thought and activities and publishing the results of such study and research and allied literature for the benefit of the people Observance in a suitable manner of occasions connected with Gandhi’s life
  7. 7. Maintaining contact with the youth and student community and providing facilities to them for the study of Gandhian thoughtA Walk in Gandhi AshramA Walk in Gandhi Ashram is Guided tour available daily from 08:30 AM to 01:00 PM makingprior appointment from Mr. Amrut Modi, Secretary, Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad or Mr.Girish Gupta, Managing Trustee, National Heritage Volunteer, who initiated this guided tour inAshram. This guided tour starts with slide show which provides brief details for the location ofAshram, its history, its activities and above all the mantra of Mahatma Gandhi of maintainingDiary for daily activities, and wearing at least one pair of hand spunned khadi garment.GallerySabarmati Ashram in Bust of Mahatma Gandhi Back view of Mahatma Gandhi Sangrahlay -1948 at Ashram Gandhis house Inside CorridorsGandhi Sangrahlay - Front View of Mahatma Warli Art at Sabarmati Warli Art at SabarmatiOutside Gandhis House Ashram AshramGod is Truth, Circa1927