Crop

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Crop

  1. 1. RABI ZAID KHARIF
  2. 2.  Cereals Pulses Oil seeds Beverages
  3. 3. WHEAT RICE BARLEY MAIZE MILLET
  4. 4.  Second most important cereal crop in India  Wheat : Rabi crop  Favorable Conditions : cool growing season, bright sunshine at the time of ripening, 50-75 cm annual rainfall  Main food crop (in India) : in north-western part Mainly grown (in India) : The Ganga – Satluj plain, black soil region of Deccan, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and parts of Madhya Pradesh.  Scientific Name :Triticum
  5. 5.  Used as food and fodder Maize : Kharif Crop In some states it is also grown in Rabi season like in Bihar Favorable Conditions : temperature between 21 degree – 27 degree Celsius, grows well in old alluvial soil Mainly grown in (India) : Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh Scientific Name : Zea Mays
  6. 6.  Staple food in India India:2nd largest producer of rice in the world Rice : Kharif crop Favorable conditions : High temperature( above 25 degree Celsius) , high humidity ,(annual rainfall- above 100 cm). Mainly grown in : eastern UP, Bihar, West Bengal etc. Scientific name of Asian rice- Oryza Sativa
  7. 7. RAGI JOWAR•Rich in iron, roughage, calcium and •Third most food crop with respectother micro nutrients to area and production•Favorable Conditions : Crop of dry • Favorable Conditions : Rain-fedregions, grows well on red, black, crop, mainly grown in moist areassandy, loamy and shallow black soils •Mainly Grown in : Karnataka,•Mainly grown in (India) : Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya PradeshTamil Nadu, Uttarakhand etc. BAJRA •Favorable Conditions : grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soils •Mainly grown in : Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Haryana Scientific Name of common Millet : Panicum Miliaceum
  8. 8.  4th largest grain crop after wheat, rice and corn  Grown as a summer crop in temperate areas and winter crop in tropical areas  Germination time : 1-3 days Favorable Conditions : likes to grow under cool conditions Scientific Name of Two-rowed Barley : Hordeum Distichon
  9. 9.  Pea Pigeon Pea Lentil Soyabean Black Gram
  10. 10.  Life cycle : 1 year Grown as a cool seasonal vegetable crop Favorable Conditions : Temperature between 13-18 degree Celsius, grows well in cooler high altitude tropical areas and on slightly acidic drained soil Mainly grown in : Europe Diseases [Fungal] : Alternaria alternata Scientific Name : Pisum Sativum
  11. 11.  Essential food in west Africa and Nigeria Important source of protein in India Widely cultivated in all tropical and semi tropical regions Favorable Conditions : drought resistant, annual rainfall less than 650mm Mainly grown in India : 82% (of total pigeon pea grown in the world) Scientific Name : Cajanus Cajan Pathogens : Phytophthora Cajani
  12. 12.  Widely cultivated in temperate regions Known for their high protein content and good vegetable source of iron Used as fodder Mainly grown in : Canada, India, Nepal, United States Scientific Name : Lens culinaries
  13. 13.  An oil seed also (contain 19% oil) Source of protein for animal feeds Favorable Conditions : mainly grown in hot summers, optimum growth in moist alluvial soil and mean temperature 20-30 degree Celsius Mainly Grown in : United States, Brazil, Argentina, China and India Scientific Name : Glycine Max
  14. 14.  Mainly used to make dal Originated in India Mainly grown in India Very nutritious and is recommended for diabetics Used in traditional Indian medicine Scientific Name : Vigna Mungo
  15. 15. MUSTARD OLIVE COCONUT SOYABEAN SUNFLOWER
  16. 16.  Rich in oil (46%-48%) and protein (43.6%) Mature mustard plants grow in shrubs Take 3-10 days to germinate Favorable Conditions : grows well in temperate regions, cold atmosphere and moist soil Mainly grown in : Canada (90%), Hungary, Great Britain, India, Pakistan etc. Scientific Name of black mustard : Brassica Nigra
  17. 17.  Scientific Name : Cocos Nucifera Favorable Conditions : Coconut palm thrives on sandy soil, prefer areas with abundant sunlight, regular rainfall (150-250 cm annually), low humidity, temperature (regularly above 25 degree Celsius) Mainly grown in : Philippines, Indonesia, India, Brazil, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Mexico, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea, Malaysia, Tanzania In India : Kerela, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Pondicherry, Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Maharashtra
  18. 18.  Sunflower Oil is used for cooking, carrier oil and to produce margarine and biodiesel Its stem bends towards the sun. Favorable Conditions : need full sun, fertile, moist and well drained soil with heavy mulch Scientific Name : Helianthus annuus Mainly grown in : Europe, Canada, Russia, India, South Africa, Eastern Australia
  19. 19. OLIVE Olive tree is an evergreen tree It is drought, disease and fire resistant Olive leaves are used as medicinal teas Favorable Conditions : Coastal climate conditions, light soil, clay soil if well drained, hot weather Mainly grown in : Spain, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Tunisia, Egypt

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