TEACHING SPEAKING By Aisyah Sunarwan Phone. 081541222622email. email@example.com
Teaching SpeakingIssues for discussion:1. Characteristics of spoken language2. Principles for designing speaking activities3. Using group work in speaking activities4. Common types of speaking activities
What are the characteristics of spoken language?• Speaking is a skill, just like swimming, driving a car, or playing ping-pong.• Too often, in the traditional classroom, the learning of English has been relegated to linguistic s knowledge only.
Characteristics of spoken languageSpontaneity• In most situations, people do not plan ahead of time what they are going to say.• Spontaneous means full of false starts and repetitions incomplete sentences.Time-constraint The students produce unplanned utterances in real time
Designing speaking tasks• One important consideration: Proficiency level of the students (challenging but not too difficult.)• If the task is too easy or too difficult, the students may be demotivated.
Common characteristics in successful speaking tasks• Maximum foreign talk• Even participation• High motivation
Using group work in speaking tasks Advantages of using group work• More opportunities• More motivation• More authenticity• Different levels• More cooperation
Type of speaking tasksAccording to Littlewood, communicativespeaking activities can be divided intotwo types: functional communicationactivities, and social interactionactivities:
Some types of speaking activities• Information-gap activities• Dialogues and role-plays• Activities using pictures• Problem-solving activities• Other speaking activities
Directions: Ask your partner what is in his/her picture.Fore example:Student A: What’s in your picture?Student B: There is __________. What’s in your picture?Student A: There is __________.
ConclusionThe most important aspect of preparing studentsto speak in real life is to give them as manyopportunities as possible to practise producingunplanned, spontaneous and meaningful speechunder time pressure.