What is the potential of Norwegian Outdoor Life Tradition (Friluftsliv) in the Maintenance phase
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Gunnar Gunnarsson Abstract What Is The Potential Of Norwegian Outdoor Life Tradition ( Friluftsliv) In Cardiac Rehabilitation

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Gunnar Gunnarsson Abstract What Is The Potential Of Norwegian Outdoor Life Tradition ( Friluftsliv) In Cardiac Rehabilitation

  1. 1. What is the potential of Norwegian Outdoor Life Tradition (Friluftsliv) in the Maintenance phase (III phase) of Cardiac Rehabilitation? A literature review with emphasize on selected theories and empirical studies. Gunnarsson, Gunnar 1 Affiliation: 1 gunnar.gunnarsson@hotmail.com, Telephone no: +47 40203161 Background and objective: In Norway, as in the rest of the world there is a high prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Due to increased knowledge and new technology, there is an increasing survival rate after cardiac events, creating a growing need for Cardiac Rehabilitation. However, due to economical and organizational reasons, the rehabilitation period at hospital and rehabilitation clinics is shortening. This diminishes the chances that patients adapt to a new lifestyle during rehabilitation, and they are therefore in danger of abandoning the active lifestyle when returning back to their home. Norway has a tradition for outdoor life, called “Friluftsliv”, which is highly valued and is a popular form of recreational activity. Friluftsliv (Norwegian outdoor life tradition) consists of dwelling and being physical active in natural environment. The main objective of this literature review is to examine the health effects of participating in Friluftsliv. To this end I searched out for the health potential of Friluftsliv for patients who return back home from rehabilitation clinics, e.g. during the Maintenance phase of Cardiac rehabilitation in Norway. Friluftsliv: Cardiac Rehabilitation with pedagogy and cultural heritage (The Maintenance phase) Nature and Health: Physical Activity with Ecopsychology and Horticultural Therapy and Health Figure 1: the figure shows the topics which are examined to enlighten the potential of Friluftsliv in Cardiac Rehabilitation Method: There is a lack of studies in Friluftsliv focusing on the health effects. Hence, it was necessary to also build upon relevant literature from the fields of Physical Activity and Health in general, and upon Agriculture and Landscape Architecture (“Nature and Health”), when examine the health potential of Friluftsliv. The literature review is focused on published evidence based research identified in PubMed and Cochrane, plus publications and reports from The Swedish Agricultural University, and from the European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research (COST). This literature review is supervised by Professor Yngvar Ommundsen of the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences Conclusion: Participating in Friluftsliv includes active interaction between human being and the natural environment, and this may support the physical, psychological and social development of involving cardiac patients. With its own tradition of pedagogy, mentoring and its cultural heritage, Friluftsliv can be a good alternative in Cardiac Rehabilitation in Norway. Theoretical and empirical insight from the fields of Physical Activity and Health and from “Nature and Health” adds validity to this conclusion. Keywords: Friluftsliv, outdoor life, cardiac rehabilitation, horticultural therapy, community-based rehabilitation.

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