Philippine costumes and tradition


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Philippine costumes and tradition

  1. 1. Philippine Costumes and TraditionBAHAGPre-Colonial PeriodEarly Filipinos used bark or plain woven fabric as material for bahag. The bahagwas wrapped around the waist line.CAMISA De CHINO18th CenturyThe camisa de chino is a collarless garment with long cuffless sleeves, worn first by Indios who had to labor under tropicalheat. The shirt cut evokes its Chinese origins.BARONG TAGALOG19th CenturyThe barong tagalong has become the national Filipino costume for men, worn for all significant events.TAPISEarly Spanish Colonial PeriodThe tapis was used first by tagalong women who had to wrap a thicker material over skirts made of sheer fabric. It wasusually worn with the opening in front, and with colors that contrasted with the skirt.BAROT SAYACirca 17th CenturyThe baro, a collarless blouse, was influenced by the costume of statues by the Blessed Virgin brought by Spanishmissionaries. The saya was adapted from the basic lines of European skirt styles during the 1600s.MARIA CLARALate 19th CenturyThe Maria Clara, named after Jose Rizal’s heroine in Noli Me Tangere, consists of the bell sleeved camisa, floor-length saya,the panuelo and the tapis, or overskirt.BALINTAWAK1930sThe Balintawak consisted of a skirt, butterfly sleeves and a low-cut bodice. Filipinas wore the ensemble during visits to thecountryside, particularly Antipolo, Rizal, a popular summer destination for Manila residents.TERNOEarly 20th CenturyThe Filipino “terno” evolved from the baro’t saya and the Maria Clara, and pertains to the matching of blouse and skirt,forming a one-piece creation made of a homogeneous material throughout.Barong Tagalog CostumeThe Barong Tagalog, this is the official national costume of Filipino men, originated from the northernpart of the Philippines, and is originally made of jusi or pineapple cloth called “pina” (woven frompineapple leaves). It is worn over a Chinese collarless shirt called camisa de Chino. It exhibits the loose,long lines of its Chinese sources, the airy tropical appearance of Indo-Malay costume, the elongatedeffect of Hindu dressing, and the ornamental restraint of European mens clothing.Today, barong tagalong can come from different materials and different colors. It is usually used forformal occasion and meetings Mestiza The Mestiza Dress is a formal dress made of expensive lace andfabric adorned with embroideries. It is the sophisticated version of the national costume, the barot saya(blouse and skirt). Made more popular by former Philippine First Lady Imelda Marcos, some even calledit Imelda dress or terno. Mestiza dress is known for its elegance and butterfly sleeves. It is usually wornfor formal occasion.Maria Clara CostumeThe Maria Clara, this dress was named after a mestiza heroine of one of the novels of the PhilippineNational hero Dr. Jose Rizal. Its origin was the national costume of Filipino women which is barot(shirt) saya (skirt). The Maria Clara gown features a floor-length paneled skirt of silk or satin and itconsists of four separate pieces: the collarless waist-length, bell sleeved camisa; the bubble-shaped,floor-length saya; the stiff, neck-covering pañuelo; and the hip-hugging, knee length tapis, or overskirt.
  2. 2. Rural CostumeThe Kimona, this dress originated from the Visayas, can be worn for everyday activities as casual dressor for formal occasion. Its origin was the barot (shirt) saya (skirt), the national costume for Filipinowomen during the early years. A casual kimona dress is always worn with matching West Visayan wraparound called "patadyong" as a skirt.Cordillera CostumeThe Igorot, this attire is used by the tribes in Mountain Province of The Cordillera ranges, called Igorots.They have their own unique costume that makes them distinctive from other tribes in the Philippines.This costume reflects their way of life, cultures, personalities, religious practices and rituals. Igorotcostume is very simple. The men wear long strips of handwoven loin cloth called "wanes". The womanwear a kind of wrap-around skirt called "lufid".Muslim CostumeThis attire is worn by the Muslims who live in the southern part of the Philippines. It features long skirtsfor the women, frequently woven with metallic threads, and shorter, wrap-around skirts for the men.The women also frequently have overskirts and scarves draped from the shoulder. Batik design is alsocommon with this costumes. It shows the mix of Arab, Malaysian and Chinese. Elaborate umbrellamakes a nice fashion statement, usually used by a Muslim princess.Malong, the malong is traditionally used as a garment by numerous tribes in the Southern Philippinesand the Sulu Archipelago. Its origin is from the ethnical group of Maranao, Maguindanao and T‟bolilocated in Mindanao. Handwoven malongs are made by the weavers on a backstrap loom. Very raremalong designs and styles can indicate the village in which the malong was made. Handwoven malongs,which are costly- made of cotton and silk, are likely to be used only at social functions, to display thesocial and economic status of the wearer. But a malong in royal colours is worn only by Maranao menand women of royal status. The malong can also function as a skirt for both men and women, a dress, ablanket, a bedsheet, a hammock, a prayer mat, and other purposes.Tribal CostumeThe Philippine Tribal Costumes Although the Philippines has developed a mixed culture from theblending of foreign influences with native elements, there are still some ethnological groups whoseculture remains unadulterated. Here are some beautiful images of the Filipinos tribal costumes that stillremain as part of their traditional culture up to this day.BlaanThe Blaan are one of the indigenous peoples of Southern Mindanao in The Philippines. They are famousfor their brassworks, beadwork and tnalak weave. The people of these tribes wear colorful embroiderednative costumes and beadwork accessories. The women of these tribes, particularly, wear heavy brassbelts with brass tassels ending in tiny brass bells that herald their approach even when they are a longway off.BagoboThe Bagobo are proud people with proto Malayan features. They have ornate traditions in weaponry andother metal arts. They are noted for their skill in producing brass articles through the ancient lost-waxprocess. These people also weave abacca cloths of earth tones and make baskets that are trimmed withbeads, fibers and horses hair.TboliThe Tboli distinguish themselves from other Tribal Groups by their colorful clothes, bracelets andearrings, this tribe is famous for their complicated beadwork, wonderful woven fabrics and beautifulbrass ornaments.MandayaThe Mandayas are a group of non-Christian tribe, non-Islamic people living in Eastern Mindanao,Philippines They hand down from generation to generation the art of weaving cloth from the fibers ofabaca plant, colored with root and mud dyes with intricate figures and patterns depicting the folkloreand religion of the tribe.
  3. 3. MaranawTypical Muslim Maranaw costumes (bottom-left photo). The attire of Maranaw prince and princess.“Maranaw” means „people of the lake‟, referring to lands surrounding Lake Lanao. Descending fromMuslim Malays, the royal families within this tribe are a mix of Arab, Malaysian and Chinese ancestry.They are famous for their artwork, sophisticated weaving, wood and metal craft, and their epicliterature.YakanBasilan is home to the Yakan Tribes, also known as one of the finest weavers in Philippines. They areknown to weave the most intricate designs in their clothes, purses and other accessories.IfugaoThe Ifugao, immortalized by their magnificent rice terraces; inhabit the rugged terrain of the extensiveCordillera Mountain Ranges of Central Luzon Ifugaos have woven on looms and carved works of art fromblocks of woods. The rice terraces is a symbol of their industry that will live through the ages.KalingaThe Kalinga are called the “peacocks of the north” because of their attention to appearance anddressing. Kalinga is a landlocked province of northern Cordillera, Philippines. “Kalinga” means enemy, aname that the bordering inhabitants called this tribe because of their headhunting attacks. The namestuck and became accepted by the natives themselves.Gaddang o Gadang The Gaddang are an indigenous people from the area of Solano, in the province of Nueva Vizcaya, in theregion of Cagayan Valley also known as region II, in the Philippine Islands. The Gaddang tribe was firstdiscovered by the Spaniards in the early 1600s. An early Spanish report written in 1581 identified themas one of ten tribes in the mountains of Northern Luzon.BontocThey are the people who live in the mountainous areas of Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province andKalinga- Apayao. The tribe‟s traditional clothing leaves males and females bare above the waist. Butbecause of modern influence, younger members of the tribe wear trousers, shirts, dresses and shoesthat lowland Filipinos usually wear samal.SamalThe Samal are the poorest and least independent of the major Muslim groups. They serve as the "loyalcommoners" in the hierarchy of Muslim minorities. Their lives are literally over the sea, where thevillages stand on stilts above the coastal waters.IbaloiThe Ibaloi are the highlanders of Benguet and the city of Baguio. The Ibalois are collectively known as“Igorot”. They traditionally live by cultivating rice and agriculture. Aetas The Philippines‟ aboriginal inhabitants called the Aetas provided the pattern for these rough cottoncostumes. The Aetas or Negritos are nomads, scattered among the isolated mountainous parts of centralLuzon. They are thought to be the earliest inhabitants of the Philippines.PulangiyenLiving in the Pulangi River headwaters in the southern part of Bukidnon, the Pulangiyen is one of themany indigenous natives of the province.MatigsalugThe Matigsalug are the Bukidnon groups who are found in the Tigwa-Salug Valley in San Fernando,Bukidnon. “Matigsalug ” is a term, which means “people along the River Salug”. Their men wear shorttight-fitting pants that are of knee length and are hem and turbans for the head decorated with beadsand fringed with goat‟s/horse‟s hair.
  4. 4. Philippine Folk DancesPhilippine folk dance mirrors the culture and tradition of the Filipinos. It has also been a source of culture identify ofthe people. In this diversified country, there are also great diversity of dances in different forms and dynamics thatgrow out of various times, situation and experiences.How do Philippine folk dances reflect the culture and tradition of Filipinos?Well, Philippine folk dances are a tradition dance of the people from one generation to another. They are means ofexpressing the beliefs, moods and emotions of a people, and have been the mode of communication.CORDILLERA SUITEBindian is an Ibaloy dance. The Ibaloy who inhabit the southernmost mountain regions in Northern Luzon performvictory dances to extol the bravery of the warriors of yesterday. In this version from the barrio of Kabayan, handmovements are downward, suggesting the peoples affinity with the earth. The basic step consists of a stamp by theleft foot and a light, forward movement by the right. Instrumentalists lead the line, followed by male dancers, whilethe female dancers bring in the rear.Ragragsakan DanceCORDILLERA SUITERagragsakan dance is an adaptation of a tradition in which Kalinga women gather and prapare for a budong, orpeace pact.The Kalingga borrowed the beautiful word ragragsakan from the Ilocano, which means "merriment." The twobiggest occassions for a ragragsakan in a Kalinga village are for the homecoming of successful head takersand the culmination of peace-pact between warring tribes. In this dance, Kalinga maidens balance labbabaskets on thier heads, wave colorful tribal blankets, and sing short salidumay songs as they snake throughthe terrace dikes and skip through breaks in the path.This dance portrays the walk of the industrious Kalingga women, carrying water pots on their heads andwearing the colorful hand-woven "blankets of life" around their necks. Their walk imitates the climb up theRice Terraces in the Mountain Provinces of the Philippines.Ragragsakan was discovered by Ramon Obusan in Lubuagan, Kalinga province among the Kalinggapeople. Ragragsakan came from the ILOCANO word "ragsak" which means "happy". Ragragsakanthus, means "merrymaking".Banga DanceCORDILLERA SUITE
  5. 5. Banga dance is an Igorot maidens go to the river and prepare for a marriage ceremony. They display not only theirgrace and agility, but also their stamina and strength as they go about their daily task of fetching water andbalancing the banga, claypots full of water, on their headsUyaoy DanceCORDILLERA SUITEUyaoy Dance is an Ifugao wedding festival dance accompanied by gongs and is performed by the affluent to attainthe second level of the wealthy class. Wealthy people who have performed this dance are entitled to the use ofgongs at their death.Idaw DanceCORDILLERA SUITEIdaw is one of Cordillere dance. This Bontoc dance depicts a war ceremony performed by warriors of rivaling tribes.Idaw, meaning "bird," is celebrated because it was the omen bearer of war.MUSLIM SUITE
  6. 6. Singkil dance takes its name from the bells worn on the ankles of the Muslim princess. Perhaps one of the oldest oftruly Filipino dances, the Singkil recounts the epic legend of the "Darangan" of the Maranao people of Mindanao. Thisepic, written sometime in the 14th century, tells the fateful story of Princess Gandingan, who was caught in themiddle of a forest during an earthquake caused by the diwatas, or fairies of the forest. The criscrossed bamboo polesrepresent the trees that were falling, which she gracefully avoids. Her slave loyally accompanies her throughout herordeal. Finally, she is saved by the prince. Dancers skillfully manipulate apir, or fans which represent the winds thatprove to be auspicious. Royal princesses to this day in the Sulu Archipelago are required to learn this most difficultand noble dance.There are other versions of Singkil. Perhaps the version more widely performed by dance companies is the "GardenSingkil." The story goes that the princess goes into her garden, accompanied by her slave, and plays with thebutterflies, which are represented by the fan dancers. The movements of the fans supposedly represent those of thebutterflies, as opposed to the diwatas. In another popular version, the prince uses a scarf instead of a sword.TRIBAL SUITEDugso dance is a Bukidnon from northeastern Mindanao perform this dance as an entertainment for the deities, tomake them feel more comfortable during the fiesta that has been organized for them and consequently more oftento the requests of the celebrants. It was originally thought that this dance was performed only during harvest timeor upon the birth of a male heir. Women would wear colorful feathered head dresses, plaid costumes and anklets.They would step rhythmically around a bamboo arch decorated with newly-gathered palay (rice stalks) and corn,and their movements are emphasized by the tinkling sounds from the anklets.TRIBAL SUITE
  7. 7. Blit Blaan is a courtship dance of the Bilaan of Davao del Sur imitating forest birds during the mating season. Tworichly-plumed male birds eye three female birds. The females scurry to safety, burying their heads under their wings(represented by the malong, a tubular cloth), but the aggressive males follow them wherever they go.MARIA CLARA SUITEAray is a dance whose words are sung in "Chabacano-ermitense," a hybrid of Spanish that was only spoken in theErmita district before the turn of the century and today is extinct. The dance itself is a flirtatious one that involvesgraceful use of the pañuelo, or shawl, and tambourines. Aray means "ouch" in Tagalog.Binatbatan DanceRURAL SUITE
  8. 8. An occupational dance from Paoay, Ilocos Norte, Binatbatan depicts the beating of cotton pods to separate the seedsfrom the fibers with the use of two sticks called batbat in the Ilocos region. Weavers in Paoay often engagethemselves in abel-making contests (abel is a cloth common among the Ilokanos). Dancers maneuver in and out ofparallel batbat sticks, each about 18 inches long. The rhythm and speed of the beating of the sticks make for a livelyand colorful display.Pandanggo sa Ilaw DancePandanngo sa Ilaw is a popular dance of grace and balance comes from Lubang Island, Mindoro in the Visayasregion. The term pandanggo comes from the Spanish word fandango, which is a dance characterized by lively stepsand clapping that varies in rhythm in three-four time. This particular pandanggo involves the presence of threetinggoy, or oil lamps, balanced on the head and the back of each hand.Lapay Bantigue DanceLike many small islands, Bantigue in Masbate rely on the sea to supply fish to greater parts of the Bicol Region.Each dawn, Bantigue village awaits the arrival of boats with their catch. Gathered on the beach with the people arenumerous herons called "lapay" flying overhead or moving around waiting for spare fish catch. To while away theirtime, people turn their attention to the birds, shooing them or imitating their flight, swoops, dives and glides. Thisplayful frolicking started the first steps of a spontaneous dance. Music was brought in later to lend order and form.Itik-Itik Dance
  9. 9. At one baptismal party in the Surigao del Norte province, a young lady named Kanang (the nickname for Cayetana),considered the best dancer and singer of her time, was asked to dance the Sibay. She became so enthusiastic andspirited during the performance that she began to improvise movements and steps similar to the movements of itik,the duck, as it walks with short, choppy steps and splashes water on its back while calling to its mate. The peopleliked the dance so much that they all imitated her. There are six separate foot sequences in the series of Itik-Itiksteps.Maglalatik DanceMaglalatik is a mock-war dance, originating from the Spanish Regime, depicts a fight between the Moros and theChristians over the prized latik, or coconut meat residue. This dance, originally performed in Biñan, Laguna, is alsoperformed as a tribute to the patron saint of farmers, San Isidro de Labrador. Maglalatik is a four-part performance:the palipasan and the baligtaran showing the intense combat, and the paseo and the escaramusa, the reconciliation.The Moros of this dance usually wear red trousers, while the Christians don blue trousers. All of the men useharnesses of coconut shells positioned on their backs, chests, hips, and thighs.Philippine Folk Dances Guide Questions:1. Why dance?2. What are the dances that belong to Rural Maria Clara, Cordillera, Tribal and and Muslim ?3. Compare and Contrast Rural, and Maria Clara? Cordillera and Tribal? Muslim and Maria Clara?4. Describe the choreography used in each suite?5. What are the common formations used in the dance?
  10. 10. 6. Differentiate the expressions of each suite.7. Which of those dances that shows courtship?8. Which of the suite you would like to perform? Why?9. If you are going to choose one of the dances to perform, what would that be and why?10. Having a film showing about Philippine Folk Dances, does it useful and valuable to you? Why or Why not?Physical Education: Journal Entry Friday, August 05, 2011 | Labels: Journal Entry, Physical Education, UbDHave a journal notebook and answer the following questions: Physical Education - Journal EntryEntry#1  How can you be active enough to have a healthy life?Entry#2  Why is it important to develop a regular physical activity and not just use one developed for someone?Entry#3  Why is it necessary to periodically reevaluate your level of fitness?Entry#4  why it is important for people to engage in a physical activity?Entry#5  Why is it important to be physically fit?Entry#6  Create a simple fitness dance routine  How can one improve and sustain the desired level of physical fitness?Entry#7  Write your fitness planEntry#8  What does a physically fit person look like?A Dance Presentation Monday, February 28, 2011 | Labels: Dance, Info., Physical Education, Rubrics, Tips, UbDInstructional Activity with UbD as its frameworkActivity 1: Let’s Dance… A Dance PresentationThis activity shall engage the students to master the basic steps through a creation of a simple routine using thelearned steps and movements. Their performance shall be assessed using the criteria on correct, execution, form,and coordination.Instruction: 1. groups into 12 to 18 students per group. 2. choose leader and committee to prepare all the necessary materials, props, costume, and music needed for the mini-folk dance production. 3. review and practice the whole dance of their groups. 4. use the elements of movement, space, and choreography to make presentations creative, artistic and unique. 5. use improvised costume, props, and accessories. 6. the following criteria/rubrics
  11. 11. Rubrics on Dance Presentation:  Performance  Choreography  Costume and Props  Audience Impact Rating Score Criteria/Rubrics: Performance (mastery of the steps, showmanship, dynamism, projection, 50% grace and poise, timing and coordination) Choreography (blocking, transition from figure to another, formation, floor 30% pattern, alignment) Costume and Props 15% (authenticity and usefulness) Audience Impact 5% (reaction and responses of the audience) Total 100%Rubics in Physical Education for a Dance PresentationRubrics (Criteria) in Dance PresentationFolk DancePerformance--------------40%(mastery of the steps, showmanship, dynamism, projectiongrace and poise, timing and coordination)Choreography-------------30%(blocking, transition from figure to another, formation,floor pattern, alignment)Costume and Props--------25%(authenticity and usefulness)Audience Impact----------5%-------------Total 100%Portfolio Contents Tuesday, March 08, 2011 | Labels: Games and Activity, Info., Project, Rubrics, Students PresentationWhat are the items to prepare in your portfolio?This work should include the following: 1. Title for your portfolio (name of subject, group name and group number) 2. Checklist (lists of names, and activities) 3. Personal Inventory (Personal data) 4. Sample Works/Activities 5. Procedures 6. Project Plan 7. Projects (photos if you have) 8. Rubrics/Criteria (rating scale) 9. Test Papers 10. Reflection (learnings)• Music• Art• Physical Education• Health
  12. 12. Dance Reflection Tuesday, March 01, 2011 | Labels: Info., Rubrics, Students Presentation, Tips, UbDInstructional Activity with UbD as its frameworkReflective Guide Questions:Answer the following questions after their performances: 1. Were you satisfied with your performance in the culminating activity? 2. What difficulties did you encounter preparing for the dance presentation? 3. What did you do to overcome your difficulties?IDUDU Idudu- Abra, Cordillera A tribal dance. This dance stages a common family life in the Itneg or Tinguian society. It illustrates the family as the main foundation of the tribe’s community. Several traits of an ordinary family are shown. It depicts a father plowing the field while the mother caring for the children. But as soon as the father finishes work, themother takes over on planting, sowing and all the remaining chores to do in the field. At this time the father is left to takecare of the kids. During the dance a Local singer breaks into an Idudu or lullaby to put the baby to sleep. Idudu, a dance taken from Idudu lullaby, obviously portrays the different roles in a Tinguian family.