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Getting Started with DevOps


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DevOps is the hot new thing. DevOps promises better cooperation between developers and operations, test environments on demand, and seamless deployments through multiple environments. But many doubt the practicality of DevOps. What practices are prescribed? Where are the certifications? Is this thing real?

The good news is that we know large organizations that have been bridging the developer/operations gap for years - longer than "DevOps" has been a term.

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Getting Started with DevOps

  1. 1. Getting Started with DevOps Eric Minick Consultant & Technical Evangelist eric@urbancode.com1
  2. 2. Why DevOps?• Cool new Applications are delayed because they don’t run in our production environments• Outages due to Dev / Ops communication problems• Releases fail due to environmental differences2
  3. 3. DevOps Is NOT• Giving the developers the root password• A job title (ok, it is, but that doesn’t make sense)• Asking Developers to be sys-admins or sys- admins to be developers• A formalized process like ITIL or Scrum. Nor is it incompatible with those processes3
  4. 4. DevOpsis a philosophy• Agile & Lean applied to the whole software delivery chain, not just developers – BizDevQaSecReleaseOps• Driven by efficiency and consistency – Building applications – Building environments – Configuring applications and environments• Optimizing software delivery end-to-end4
  5. 5. DevOps needs People, Process and Tools• People – Changes in behavior – Potential for new roles• Process – Tweak SDLC processes for more responsiveness – Regular refinement• Tools – Chain of complementary tools – Supporting people and process5
  6. 6. Agenda: Process, People, Tools• Process• People• Tools6
  7. 7. Agenda: Process, People, Tools• Process• People• Tools •Build •Deploy to •Deploy to Test Envs Dev •Unit test •Dev QA •Functional and Perf Ops Staging •Deploy to Deployment Production test7
  8. 8. Start updating Process: The Goal• Goal: Unify the software delivery process across the SDLC – Reduce duplication of effort – Improve consistency – Embrace change – Remove known sources of error8
  9. 9. Start Updating Process: Form a Team• Establish a team that improves process• Members: – Stakeholders across the SDLC • Devs, QA, Release, Ops, Security… – More hands-on people than managers9
  10. 10. Start Updating Process: Form a Team• The team should meet: – Regularly (perhaps inline with Dev’s Sprints) – For post-mortem’s of outages and good releases• Refining the Process – Start from current process – Respond with real change to real failures • “We should be more careful” doesn’t count10
  11. 11. Start Updating Process: Ex. Refinements• Because errors creep into the official builds… – Unify the CI and official builds and test nightly• Because a new app wasn’t compatible with the live environment… – Involve sys-admins in early design phases – Setup test envs that more closely match Live• Deployments failed due to manual error – Increase automation in deployment11
  12. 12. Agenda: Process, People, Tools• Process• People• Tools12
  13. 13. People: Living DevOps• Break down the Dev / Ops wall – Different roles are ok• Involve members of “the other side” in your decisions.• When in doubt, get a mediator13
  14. 14. People: As Developers…• Inform Ops early of new applications and other changes coming down the pipeline• Include health and status monitoring in the app• Consider involving Ops in early architecture meetings. They’ll ask: – So… how are you going to back that up? – What security protocols are we using? – Will it run in the cluster?14
  15. 15. People: As Operations…• Share network diagrams with interested developers.• Support Dev and QA with “cheap” and disposable test environments• Collaborate with QA to implement smoke testing for all environments15
  16. 16. People: Facilitators• Consider Dev / Ops facilitators• Especially helpful if: – Cultural momentum seems insurmountable – Dev and Ops groups are geographically distant – Each party is attempting to use “DevOps” to bludgeon the other into submission16
  17. 17. People: Facilitators – Release Management• Release Management – May already own the end-to-end process• “System” knowledge is distributed and Release Managers are often already the hub – Distributed development – Offshore development – Outsource development – Outsourced IT operations17
  18. 18. People: Facilitators – Env. Management• Environment Management – Emerging group. Owns what goes into environments and their configuration changes.• Well positioned to maintain environment consistency and integrity.18
  19. 19. People: Facilitators – Delivery Architect• Chairs SDLC process group• Strong technical skills – Understands writing, running, tuning and monitoring complex apps• Strong people skills – Has to bring many people together – Needs to be great at asking questions19
  20. 20. Agenda: Process, People, Tools• Process• People• Tools “Man is a tool-using animal. Without tools he is nothing, with tools he is all” – Thomas Carlyle20
  21. 21. Start updating Tools:• Tools should support people and process across the SDLC – There is no single “DevOps” tool – Build a coherent tools chain – Tools should be reusable across silos21
  22. 22. Start updating Tools: Types of Tools• “How do we get our software from source code to a deployable package?” – Motivated by the need for an authoritative, traceable deployable• Build Systems: – Perform CI for developer feedback and official builds for release. – CI build is the Official build – Store build output in an artifact repository22
  23. 23. Start updating Tools: Types of Tools ctd.• “How do we get a deployable package on to an environment?” – Motivated by high deployment effort and/or high deployment risk• Application Release Automation / Deployment – Replace manual steps and cobbled scripts – Consistent deployment process across environments – Consider release management aspects like approvals to match raw automation23
  24. 24. Start updating Tools: Types of Tools ctd.• “How do we create environments?” – Motivated by dev / prod environment variances – Need for frequent new test environments• Virtualization and Environment Provisioning – Public / Private “clouds” – Installing and configuring middleware24
  25. 25. Start updating Tools: Types of Tools ctd• “How do we know it works?”• Automated tests suites speed testing as changes are brought to production quickly• Smoke tests can be incorporated in automated deployments to detect failures25
  26. 26. Start updating Tools: Forming a Tool Chain• Integrations – Direct integrations are the easiest links• APIs – An API of some sort allows you to create an integration with current (and future) tools• Conventions – Short of an integration, common conventions provide an interface for adjacent tools26
  27. 27. Summary• The Dev / Ops gap is a sign of a broken system – The business wants change and stability – As a team, we can deliver it• Examine processes and look for improvements often• Expect to implement new tools, but do them to support new processes not for their own sake27
  28. 28. Instigate change Youshould reach out to people in other silos28
  29. 29. References• Enterprise CD Maturity Model• Death to Manual Deployments!• Build & Deployment Automation for the Lean Economy• ITIL Release Management and
  30. 30. Yes, we sell products for this• uBuild – Build automation and CI for the hard problems• uDeploy – Deployment and release management• uCloud(coming soon) – Environment provisioning for in-house PaaS30
  31. 31. Questions? @EricMinick31