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It’s time to do smart cities properly: Dan Hill

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On 25th September 2014, the UrbanIxD project presented a one-day symposium to encourage debate and discussion around the themes of the UrbanIxD project. This event took place at the Telecom Italia Future Centre, Venice, Italy.
This is the keynote talk titled "It’s time to do smart cities properly" by designer and urbanist, Dan Hill, executive Director of Futures and Best Practice for the Future Cities Catapult in the UK.

Published in: Education

It’s time to do smart cities properly: Dan Hill

  1. 1. It’s time to do smart cities properly! Dan Hill Executive Director of Futures Future Cities Catapult @FutureCitiesCat / futurecities.catapult.org.uk @cityofsound / cityofsound.com
  2. 2. Understanding the city as a real-time system
  3. 3. The Cloud w/ MIT, Carlo Ratti, Atmos, Arup &c 2008
  4. 4. Barangaroo w/ Arup, Rogers Stirk Harbour &c 2008-10
  5. 5. Masdar w/ Arup, LAVA &c, 2008-09
  6. 6. MELBOURNE SMARTCITY Melbourne w/ Arup, C40, City of Melbourne 2009
  7. 7. New Songdo City
  8. 8. SongNo
  9. 9. Expo
  10. 10. Cisco pavilion, Shanghai Expo 2010
  11. 11. GM pavilion, Shanghai Expo 2010
  12. 12. We don’t
 make cities
 in order to
 make buildings or infrastructure.
  13. 13. Culture Commerce Community Conviviality The City itself ?????
  14. 14. Our approach to our infrastructure does clearly affect the city, however.
  15. 15. GM vs LA
  16. 16. George Street, Sydney 1906
  17. 17. The value of inefficiency
  18. 18. “Technology is the answer.
 But what is the question?” — Cedric Price
  19. 19. ?
  20. 20. Have we
 made clear
 the value of
 the smart city
 to citizens?
  21. 21. ?
  22. 22. “The best way to predict the future is to design it.” — Buckminster Fuller
  23. 23. “The best way to predict the future is to design it.” — Buckminster Fuller “Technology is the answer. But what is the question?” — Cedric Price
  24. 24. Using design to frame questions …
  25. 25. … about 21st century city products, services, spaces & cultures.
  26. 26. A particularly useful role for a certain kind of interaction design?
  27. 27. Low2No / SITRA, Arup, Experientia etc.
  28. 28. Low2No / SITRA, Arup, Experientia etc.
  29. 29. 2 Low2No / SITRA, Arup, Experientia etc.
  30. 30. low2no.org Low2No / SITRA, Arup, Experientia etc.
  31. 31. W/ Arup / Experientia Low2No / SITRA, Arup, Experientia etc.
  32. 32. Connected Streets / Catapult, Wikihouse 2014
  33. 33. Elephant & Castle, London / Lend Lease
  34. 34. What does a 21st century urban development look like?
  35. 35. Sensing Cities / Catapult, Intel ICRI
  36. 36. Hyde Park Data Visualisation 4 Future Cities Catapult BRIXTON Working with citizens we are exploring what are the interventions that can encourage new attitudes towards air quality and air pollution and how behaviour can change as a result HYDE PARK Working with the Management and Education teams of The Royal Parks we are deploying a heterogeneous network of sensors including air quality, water, light and soil sensors TOWER BRIDGE Working with Southwark council we are installing sensors on Tower Bridge road to measure the air bridge is raised. ENFIELD BOROUGH are deploying 100 sensor nodes across the borough, with a special focus on schools ELEPHANT AND CASTLE Working with property developer and Southwark real-time, sensing nodes that will enable testing of innovative NOx reduction technologies Sensing Cities / Catapult, Intel ICRI
  37. 37. Sensing Cities / Catapult, Intel ICRI
  38. 38. Sensing Cities / Catapult, Intel ICRI
  39. 39. Sensing Cities / Catapult, Intel ICRI
  40. 40. 7 Background Who we talked to Our choice of transport can make a big impact on air quality. For this modes, including: car commuters, users of public transport, walkers, cyclists, a taxi driver and a tube driver. For inspiration design research looks to the extremes, as well as the norm. Our sample included: school run mums, buggy pushers, asthma sports player training outdoors, someone who wears a pollution mask, and someone tracking their own behaviour to make a lifestyle change. Sensing Cities / Catapult, Intel ICRI
  41. 41. 11 Our perceptions of pollution are subjective, rather than scientific Insight 01 Sensing Cities / Catapult, Intel ICRI
  42. 42. 12 Insight 01 Our perceptions of pollution are subjective, rather than scientific We found: Sensing is believing… We think about pollution only when we see it, feel it or smell it. Our perceptions of pollution are bound by our senses. We see it in crowded commercial areas, in busy points. We feel it when our breathing tightens, or as a layer on our hands, our faces or even on our hair. “I do notice [with the air] on holiday that I don’t have to wash my hair as much as I do here. “Sometimes you can just feel it on your face, it’s just grimy. It makes your lungs tighten. Sensing Cities / Catapult, Intel ICRI
  43. 43. 14 Insight 01 Our perceptions of pollution are subjective, rather than scientific We found: Our perceptions of air quality are informed by our comparative experiences - by where we’ve been and what we’ve seen. One person who’d lived through the 1950s believed London’s air has improved. saw London’s air quality as that London has an air pollution problem. “In London, I’d see this [photo] and think it’s just a cloudy day. In they have a problem with air pollution. – E 21, Bogota ““I remember as a child having conductor walking in front of the improved since then.” Sensing Cities / Catapult, Intel ICRI
  44. 44. Sensing Cities / Catapult, Intel ICRI
  45. 45. Sensing Cities / Catapult, Intel ICRI
  46. 46. Sensing Cities / Catapult, Intel ICRI
  47. 47. Sensing Cities / Catapult, Intel ICRI
  48. 48. Urban Sensing / Arup, UTS 2009-10
  49. 49. Urban Sensing / Arup, UTS 2009-10
  50. 50. Sensing project / Arup, CSM 2009
  51. 51. What’s so important about a public sensor box?
  52. 52. ?
  53. 53. Het Schip / Courtesy of Matt Cottam
  54. 54. Het Schip / Courtesy of Matt Cottam
  55. 55. Het Schip / Courtesy of Matt Cottam
  56. 56. What are the seams of the system, and who designs and owns them? Who owns the decisions?
  57. 57. What are the seams of the system, and who designs and owns them? Who owns the decisions?
  58. 58. ?
  59. 59. 21 Balançoires, Montréal
  60. 60. Studio Roosegaarde bioluminescent trees
  61. 61. 3D-print Canal House / DUS Architects
  62. 62. CityMapper
  63. 63. Europe compressed by high-speed rail
  64. 64. Cities Unlocked / Catapult, Guide Dogs, M’soft
  65. 65. Cities Unlocked / Catapult, Guide Dogs, M’soft
  66. 66. Catapult / Connected displays, w/ BERG
  67. 67. What interactions define a 21st century street?
  68. 68. ?
  69. 69. Urban retrofits / Airbnb
  70. 70. Urban retrofits / Uber
  71. 71. Urban retrofits / bike sharing
  72. 72. Urban Engines, 2014
  73. 73. ‘Rush Hour’, Black Sheep Films 2014
  74. 74. Urban retrofits / autonomous vehicles
  75. 75. Urban retrofits / autonomous vehicles
  76. 76. -80%?
  77. 77. PROS Accidents ▼
 Air quality ▲ Carbon ▼ Space ▲ CONS Obesity ▲ Car industry ▼ Equal access ▼ Public services ▼
  78. 78. Might a new kind of car be about to change the city as much as the old one did?
  79. 79. Urban retrofits / Bridj
  80. 80. Predictive analytics
  81. 81. Predictive analytics, The Verge
  82. 82. What will be the impact of predictive analytics on cities?
  83. 83. Changing the city without changing the city
  84. 84. Could be an issue for architects and engineers?
  85. 85. Dark matter
  86. 86. A brief aside on dark matter.
  87. 87. IF YOU REALLY WANT TO CHANGE THE CITY, OR want a real struggle, a real fight, then it would require re-engaging with things like public planning for example, or re- engaging with government, or re-engaging with a large-scale institutionalised developers. I think that’s where the real struggles lie, that we re-engage with these structures and these institutions, this horribly complex ‘dark matter.’ That’s where it becomes really interesting. Wouter Vanstiphout
 Interviewed by Rory Hyde, 2010
  88. 88. Dark Matter and Trojan Horses, Strelka Press
  89. 89. Building codes = dark matter
  90. 90. Something for interaction designers?
  91. 91. What kind of city do we want?
  92. 92. What is public and what is private?
  93. 93. ?
  94. 94. Can yesterday’s institutions produce tomorrow’s cities?
  95. 95. Ravintolapäivä / Helsinki 2012—
  96. 96. Ravintolapäivä / Helsinki 2012—
  97. 97. Ravintolapäivä / Helsinki 2012—
  98. 98. Ravintolapäivä / Helsinki 2012—
  99. 99. Ravintolapäivä / Helsinki 2012—
  100. 100. Ravintolapäivä / Helsinki 2012—
  101. 101. Governments now have competition. As platforms.
  102. 102. The day after Restaurant Day
  103. 103. Popups pop down.
  104. 104. Pool / floating/filtering pool, New York 2012-
  105. 105. brickstarter.org Brickstarter / SITRA 2012
  106. 106. brickstarter.org Brickstarter / SITRA 2012
  107. 107. brickstarter.org Brickstarter / SITRA 2012
  108. 108. brickstarter.org Brickstarter / SITRA 2012
  109. 109. brickstarter.org Brickstarter / SITRA 2012
  110. 110. A design probe.
  111. 111. brickstarter.org ‘View source’
 on the city
  112. 112. What if participation platforms didn’t have to sidestep the institution?
  113. 113. DPW HOLDS PUBLIC HEARING BOARD OF PERMIT APPEALS HOLDS PUBLIC HEARING ENJOY PARKLET ENJOY PARKLET OBJECTIONS SOMEONE APPEALS APPLICANT APPEALS SIGNIFICANT VIOLATION(S) OFFICER SUPPORTS OFFICER SUPPORTS OFFICER AGAINST OFFICER AGAINST { 6 month with poss 6 month extension tems to Submit: nitial Application Form nitial Site Plan and Photos Concept Description Letters Of Support PERMIT REVOKED PROPOSAL REJECTED PROPOSAL SELECTED PROPOSAL SELECTED KEEP IT CLEAN. WATER THE PLANTS. RENEW IN ONE YEAR. EMBER TO: PERMIT GRANTED PERMIT GRANTED PLANNING ISSUES PUBLIC NOTICE INITIAL REVIEW BY MTA, DPW, PLANNING REVIEW BY MTA, DPW, PLANNING APPLICANT NOTIFIES DPW 72 HOURS BEFORE CONSTRUCTION DESIGN DEVELOPMENT WITH PLANNING BEGINS APPLICANT SUBMITS CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTATION { displayed for 10 days } { 6 month with possible 6 month extension } APPLICANT SUBMITS PARKLET PROPOSAL PLANNING AND DPW PRE-INSTALL ONSITE INSPECTION APPLICANT BEGINS CONSTRUCTION PLANNING AND DPW POST- CONSTRUCTION ONSITE INSPECTION PLANNING COMMUNICATES REQUIRED REVISIONS BOARD OF PERMIT APPEALS HOLDS PUBLIC HEARING OFFICER SUPPORTS OFFICER AGAINST NO APPEAL Parklet / San Francisco 2013
  114. 114. Politicians that get it Toomas Hendrik Ilves, President of Estonia
  115. 115. “You have to stop thinking in terms of 19th century bureaucratic rules, where everything is on paper. That ends up meaning redesigning government and how you interact with people.” — Toomas Hendrik Ilves
  116. 116. Building high quality public services Case 6GOV.UK “If you can book a flight online with a few clicks and cut through all the associated regulations… then anything is possible [online].” Martha Lane Fox 113 “Legible Practices”, Sitra 2013 GOV.UK project / UK government 2012-
  117. 117. Planning applications, London 2014
  118. 118. Planning applications, London 2014
  119. 119. Planning applications, London 2014
  120. 120. Planning applications, London 2014
  121. 121. Planning applications, London 2014
  122. 122. Planning applications, London 2014
  123. 123. Planning applications, London 2014
  124. 124. Could do better
  125. 125. ? Last one, honest
  126. 126. How do we ensure that technologies are well-considered, in order to create a new civic space, a sense of the city as public good?
  127. 127. Shared space, Hans Monderman, ‘60s—
  128. 128. Start with the street. Design to ask questions. Prototype and iterate. Design for participation.
  129. 129. Start with the street. Design to ask questions. Prototype and iterate. Design for participation. Redesign the way we make decisions.
  130. 130. It’s time to
 do smart cities properly.
  131. 131. Thank you! ! ! ! ! Dan Hill Executive Director of Futures Future Cities Catapult @FutureCitiesCat / futurecities.catapult.org.uk @cityofsound / cityofsound.com

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