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eCommerce Business Strategies

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What is a strategy and how to incorporate eBusiness strategies to the business?

SWOT Analysis to understand business environment before developing strategies.

Global Trade Platform for Small and Medium Scale enterprises.




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eCommerce Business Strategies

  1. 1. eCommerce Business Strategies UpekhaVandebona upe.vand@gmail.com
  2. 2.  Strategy - a course of action, including the specification of resources required to achieve a specific objective.  Concerned with the Decisions  Enhance the Competitiveness Scope TimeCost
  3. 3.  “Based on current performance in marketplace”  “Defines how we will meet our objectives”  “Sets allocation of resources to meet goals”  “Selects preferred strategic options to compete within a market”  “Provides a long-term plan for the development of the organization”
  4. 4.  Missed Opportunities  Inappropriate Direction  Isolation of information in different systems.  Resource wastage
  5. 5. Planning • e-Business strategy • Implement ation plan Implementation Operation
  6. 6. What type of eBusiness? Why you want to develop that type of e-business ? How to develop the chosen eBusiness type? eBusiness Strategy Implementation Plan
  7. 7.  Should be specific (time and figures)  Profit Oriented (Improve Revenue Models)  Cost Oriented (Be efficient)  Client Oriented (Improve customer services) “Increase revenue by 30% in 2 years” “Reduce cost by 20% in 1 year” “Increase client satisfaction by 50% in 2 years”
  8. 8. ADVANTAGES  Chance to capture large markets  Establishing a brand name  Exclusive strategic alliances DISADVANTAGES  High Cost  Chance of failure is high  System may be obsolete  No support services at the beginning  Competitors may follow the strategy quickly
  9. 9. Internal Factors Strength Weaknesses External Factors Opportunities Threats (2009 - 2015) Case Study is given to carry a SWOT Analysis
  10. 10.  What is your business sector?  Who are the customers?  What are the current practices of selling and buying?  Who are the major competitors?  How intense is the competition?  What e-strategies are used, by whom?  What are the existing and potential partnerships for developing e-Business?
  11. 11.  Opportunities  EasyAccessibility for global market  New trends  Availability of B2B market places  Threats  Competitors  Strength  Original product  Popular product  Reputation for high quality  Weaknesses  Lack of IT expertise  NoWEB presence Internal Factors External Factors
  12. 12. Strength (S) Weaknesses (W) Opportunities (O) SO Strategies Generate strategies here that use strengths to take advantages of opportunities WO Strategies Generate strategies here that take advantage of opportunities by overcoming weaknesses Threats (T) ST Strategies Generate strategies here that use strengths to avoid threats WT Strategies Generate strategies here that minimize weaknesses and avoid threats Internal External
  13. 13.  Benefits?  Costs?  Limitations?  Marketing?  Infrastructure? (Sell side & Buy side)  Which portal to join?
  14. 14.  Survival -Companies in deep trouble and need re-engineering, they have no choice.  Sustainability - Not yet in trouble, but, has the foresight to see trouble coming.They need to be proactive.  Growth - Ambitious and aggressive. Reengineering is an opportunity to further their lead over the competitors.
  15. 15. Effective Business Processes HighQuality Ontime Delivery Competitive Pricing HighProductivity State-of-the-Art Technology
  16. 16. SWOT Analysis Cost – Benefit – Risk Analysis Porter’s 5 Forces Analysis
  17. 17. Business A Information Business B Information Business C Information Virtual Organization Customer Customer Customer
  18. 18.  When a small company plans to import or export products for the first time they often face a range of complicated procedures, regulations, legislation and other barriers.  Small companies with 5-10 employees do not have the resources to support a dedicated foreign trade department  As a result, many SMEs feels trading internationally is very discouraging.  They may be forced to use an external consultant (very expensive) or lose a potentially valuable business opportunity.
  19. 19. An Innovative Global Trade Platform For SMEs, Giordana Bonin Ref : https://books.google.lk/books?id=TzUYxvwW51EC& lpg=PP1&pg=PA1380#v=onepage&q&f=false An Innovative GlobalTrade Platform For SMEs, Giordana Bonini
  20. 20. Often LOCs that are compiled by hand/manually often contain errors. GTP will facilitate the exchange of LOCs using traditional paper documents as well as by electronic means.
  21. 21.  System architecture is based on modules that will allow a range of actors from the foreign trade value chain to integrate with the portal.  Involving different types of users such as import and export companies, banks and other foreign trade sector operators  The service providers (transport and logistics companies, credit institutions, insurance companies, lawyers/legal consultants, foreign trade advisors, inspection institutions, forwarding agents, customs offices/agents, public authorities, financial institutions, etc.) can dynamically integrate to the platform through on-line interactive web tools.
  22. 22.  Allows participant companies that use any kind of application software to be easily integrated with the system. (From web services which uses XML)  High level of flexibility where features can be either be partly or wholly used.  Well organized portal and contents are clear and precise.  Provide effective support to companies who wish to trade internationally.  The main characteristic of this managerial software is the integration into a unique technological platform of all the actors involved in the import/export cycle.
  23. 23.  It is an innovative web based portal dedicated to foreign trade  Provides solutions to the major problems faced by organizations when they are carrying out import/export transactions.  GTP is for SMEs who intend to start or expand international trade activities by guiding them through the stages of importing or exporting a product and highlighting any relevant regulations and taxes that apply.  It allows organizations (SMEs) to manage and carry out their B2B transactions on the Internet
  24. 24.  It is a easy to use support tool to improve SMEs foreign trade activities because it fully integrate the foreign trade value chain.  Through a user-friendly interfaces, the portal supplies both the types of SMEs; who wish to start trading internationally as well as those who want to enter new markets.
  25. 25.  Includes the business processes involved in the import-export cycle.  This web based portal supports the SMEs to manage the whole import/export process by integrating all the steps from order to payment to delivery.  Deal with all the information regarding taxation calculations and details of service providers necessary to carryout a foreign trade transaction.  It also includes order confirmation, price determination, digital transfer of documents, agreement of the transaction’s terms and conditions, and selection of service providers.
  26. 26.  Should be based on state of the art technologies as well as intelligent technologies.  Should incorporate all the necessary security features to achieve data protection, integrity and security.  It should not be just a simple marketplace.  Should be easy to use to retrieve information, especially by non expert users such like SMEs.  Should include following major functional areas;  marketing, legal, informatics, international payment and logistics.
  27. 27.  Offer buyer/seller contacts and related information to obtain the best available offer.  Intelligent systems that highlights the most competitive service providers  Calculate total price for a product when it arrives at the export destination taking into account charges such as insurance, freight, import taxes, port fees.
  28. 28.  Users can obtain export advice on the tax, customs duties, legal and administrative requirements for a specific product depending on the country of origin and destination.  The exporter/importer can select relevant delivery and payment terms.  Facilities to negotiate and manage different payment methods and manage foreign exchange.  Produce and manage all the necessary transport documents  Easily manage shipment requests
  29. 29.  Could provide number of value added features(negotiation and consultancy) that will attract and retain SMEs and allow suppliers to gain market access and reduce transactions costs by ensuring the transparency and security of international transactions.  Additional facilities include such as e-learning facility to learn the process, foreign trade related discussion forums.
  30. 30.  Facilities to overcome language barrier  Support from an online export guide containing export assistance, operational tools, financing, information sources and commercial information about potential foreign customers.  Consultancy support to help organizations overcome the key barriers which prevent them from entering to the international markets.
  31. 31.  Need high security environment both physical & digital.  Digital security mechanisms should be properly in place (protocols [HTTPS/ SSL], encrypted information transmission, password protection, user id system, digital signatures and acquire necessary digital certificates.)  CIA Features in Digital Security  Confidentiality – ensure that information is not accessed by unauthorized parties  Integrity – ensure that information is not altered by unauthorized people in a way not detectable by authorized users  Authentication – ensure that users are the people they claim to be
  32. 32.  Security is an important issue for the successful implementation of the portal.  To guarantee the maximum level of trust, the system should take the necessary measures to ensure both high performance and system protection.  Digital signatures and proper mechanisms to allow users to manage and exchange electronic documents. (in order to certify the validity, the authenticity and the ownership of any document transmitted over the platform)  Security of the sensitive data
  33. 33.  The SMEs get virtual participate in bigger global market. Could be a global provider easily.  No marketing needed individually  Improve the competitiveness of exporters involved in foreign trade  Facilitate exporters to create and publish their product catalogue online, thus increasing their company visibility.  With dashboards which display current customer order status, new orders, new quotation requests, previous orders.. etc., exporters can easily get an overview of their business performance.
  34. 34.  One stop shop concept  Users can obtain a list of approved suppliers as well as competitive service providers who can provide the necessary export services such as shipping, hauliers, insurance, etc.  Importers can request a price quotation for the displayed products and once the offer request is received, exporters can generate a counter offer through the portal.  Facility to posting an offer and carry out the international sale contract in a coordinated manner which conforms with international legislation.
  35. 35.  Costs Savings  Portal provide the most competitive quote from a range of service providers.  Portal simplifies the international trade process.  Reduction in the risk related to the loss or delay documents  Savings in customs costs because goods will remain in customs for a shorter period of time.  Time Savings  Enable users to speed up the exchange of documents and streamline their foreign trade business processes.
  36. 36.  Reduction of errors  Platform supports the secure integrated and coordinated management of documents necessary for the execution of any foreign trade transaction.  The system ensures the authenticity and accuracy of every document exchanged online.  In particular users will be able to create, amend and change LOCs online, thus reducing the costs of using external consultants to prepare and dispatch such documents.  Another major benefit is achieved in the reduction of errors in LOCs missing documents or delays in presenting the correct paperwork which were often experienced by importers and exporters.
  37. 37.  GTP will provide an important contribution because it meets a large number of identified user needs and provides a complete export service to SMEs  Provide importers/ exporters with the contacts and references to obtain the best available offer and to better integrate the value chain of their import/export operation.
  38. 38. 2014, 2013, 2011, 2009 – 2. a) Illustrate and describe the benefits of the following eBusiness models to the manufacturer/seller and the customer separately. i. GlobalTrade Platform for SMEs (20 Marks)

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