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Open Badges

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This session discusses some of the motivations for awarding and gaining badges, as well as some of the technical considerations.

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Open Badges

  1. 1. Give them a gold star: exploring the potential of open badges Craig Brown Vicki Dale Sarah Honeychurch John Maguire Learning Technology Unit
  2. 2. Overview of session • Introduction • Motivation of learners (Vicki Dale) • Technical considerations (Craig Brown and John Maguire) • Examples (Sarah Honeychurch) • Group activity: designing badges (all participants) • Feedback
  3. 3. Motivation of learners: Vicki Dale
  4. 4. What motivates people to learn? • Types of motivation – Broad types • Intrinsic • Extrinsic • Social – Subtle variations (Ryan & Deci’s Self-Determination Theory) – Implications for open badges
  5. 5. What motivates learners to engage in CPD? Love of learning Inner drive Participation in social activities by ‘activity-oriented’ learners Response to external incentives (rewards or punishment) Dale, V. H. M., S. E. Pierce and S. A. May (2010). "The importance of cultivating a preference for complexity in veterinarians for effective lifelong learning." Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 37(2): 165-171.
  6. 6. Extrinsic motivation associated with behaviourism – very simplistic way of looking at learning • Learning explained by environmental (external) influences on observed behaviour (learned associations) – Summary video: www.youtube.com/watch?v=SUwCgFSb6Nk B. F. Skinner’s operant conditioning Ivan Pavlov’s classical conditioning John B. Watson Stimulus-response model Edward L. Thorndike Law of effect "One of Pavlov's dogs" by Rklawton - English Wikipedia, see below. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:One_of_Pavlov%27s_dogs.j pg#mediaviewer/File:One_of_Pavlov%27s_dogs.jpg Skinner’s first teaching machine by Silly rabbit, CC-BY-3.0 via Wikimedia Commons http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/common s/2/2d/Skinner_teaching_machine_08.jpg By Christine Matthews [CC-BY-SA-2.0, via Wikimedia Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3 ARock_Dove_(Feral_Pigeon)_(Columba_l ivia)_-_geograph.org.uk_-_1309587.jpg
  7. 7. However … Preference for complexity = deep approach, high need for cognition, construction & use of knowledge Preference for simplicity= surface approach, low need for cognition, intake of knowledge Preference for complexity positively correlated with intrinsic AND extrinsic AND social motivation … Dale, V. H. M., S. E. Pierce and S. A. May (2010). "The importance of cultivating a preference for complexity in veterinarians for effective lifelong learning." Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 37(2): 165-171.
  8. 8. Self-determination theory (Ryan and Deci 2000) provides insight into subtle variations of extrinsic motivation Behaviourist Constructivist ? Where do open badges fit into this model of motivation? Ryan, R. M. and E. L. Deci (2000). "Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being." American Psychologist 55(1): 68.
  9. 9. Motivation … implications for open badges Amotivation Extrinsic Intrinsic Social • Participation / attendance – Nice to have, easy to get (Curran 2014) • Competency based badge – ‘Digital credentialing’ (Jovanovic & Devedzic 2014) – Legitimises informal learning experiences (Goligoski 2012) – Aids transparency to learner achievements (Curran 2014) – Promotes self-reflection & planning (Jovanovic & Devedzic 2014) • Gamification – ‘Fun’ element, fostering collaboration & competition (Glover 2013, Seliskar 2014)
  10. 10. OPEN BADGES TECHNICAL Craig Brown & John Maguire
  11. 11. Storing your badges • What is the Mozilla backpack? • How do I add badges to my backpack? • How do I display my badges? MOZILLA BACKPACK
  12. 12. Storing your badges WHAT IS THE MOZILLA BACKPACK? • A repository for collecting and displaying badges from a variety of source • The Open Badges backpack is an interface where the earner can import badges, delete badges, set privacy controls, create and publish groups of badges.
  13. 13. Storing your badges ADDING BADGES • You need to add any awarded badges issued they will not appear automatically once you have earned them. • Earning a badge.
  14. 14. Storing your badges DISPLAYING BADGES
  15. 15. • Issuing platform • Anatomy of a badge Creating badges ISSUING BADGES
  16. 16. Creating badges
  17. 17. Creating badges ISSUING PLATFORMS 3rd-party badge issuer Data stored on someone else’s server, start issuing now Use a plugin Add to an existing product (Moodle, Wordpress, etc.) Build your own bespoke solution Hire a developer, hold your own data
  18. 18. Creating badges ISSUING IN MOODLE Requires enabling activity completion Issued manually or linked to activities No input area for criteria Criteria selectable only from activities or manual issue Evidence No area for link to evidence
  19. 19. Creating badges ISSUING IN MOODLE
  20. 20. Creating badges ISSUING IN MOODLE
  21. 21. Creating badges ISSUING IN CREDLY www.credly.com
  22. 22. Examples: Sarah Honeychurch
  23. 23. Web design skills
  24. 24. Lifelong learning
  25. 25. Skills badges
  26. 26. ocTEL: Official MOOC badges
  27. 27. #Rhizo14: badges made by community https://www.openbadges.me/
  28. 28. OLDS-MOOC: Official MOOC badges
  29. 29. Online Masters Course: Secret badges ??
  30. 30. Group activity: design a badge • The worksheet on the tables is taken from: http://www.jiscrsc.ac.uk/media/421718/jiscopenbadgesde signtoolkit-print_1.pdf
  31. 31. Feedback • http://learn.gla.ac.uk/yacrs/index.php • Session 43
  32. 32. Further reading and information Jisc Open Badge Design Toolkit: http://www.jiscrsc.ac.uk/media/421718/jiscopenbadgesdesigntoolkit-print_1.pdf Curran, T. (2014). "How open badges can promote student motivation." Retrieved 26 November, 2014, from http://tedcurran.net/2014/06/06/open-badges-motivation/. Glover, I. (2013). “Play as you learn: gamification as a technique for motivating learners.” EdMedia 2013, World Conference on Educational Media & Technology. Glover, I. and F. Latif (2013). “Investigating perceptions and potential of open badges in formal higher education.” World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications. Goligoski, E. (2012). "Motivating the learner: Mozilla’s open badges program." Access to Knowledge: A Course Journal 4(1): 1-8. Jovanovic, J. and V. Devedzic (2014, early online). "Open Badges: Novel means to motivate, scaffold and recognize learning." Technology, Knowledge and Learning: 1-8. Seliskar, H. V. (2014). "Using badges in the classroom to motivate learning." Retrieved 26 November, 2014, from http://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/teaching-with-technology-articles/ using-badges-classroom-motivate-learning/.

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