Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Let’s not reinvent the wheel; what can Open
Educational Resources (OERs) offer us?
Niall Barr
Craig Brown
Vicki Dale
Sarah...
• Creative Commons and other licensing
frameworks
• Examples of OER repositories
• Discussion: how might you incorporate
O...
Niall
Copyright and Licensing
Introduction
 Copyright covers “recorded work” - not
concepts such as ideas or inventions.
 Copy...
Copyright and Licensing
Copyright
 Berne Convention (1886)
 Copyright is intended to protect the rights of individual cr...
Copyright and Licensing
Fair dealing (1/3)
 Copyright material may be used without explicit
permission, in a limited mann...
Copyright and Licensing
Fair dealing (2/3)
 Copyright material may be used without explicit
permission, in a limited mann...
Copyright and Licensing
Fair dealing (3/3)
 Copyright material may be used without explicit
permission, in a limited mann...
Copyright and Licensing
Licensing
 Pre-internet, effectively was just individual
agreements.
 Source-code sharing & reus...
Copyright and Licensing
Creative Commons
 Creative Commons provides a set of licences
for sharing copyright works (other ...
Copyright and Licensing
CC Licenses
 Attribution (CC BY)
 Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA )
 Attribution-NoDerivs (CC ...
Copyright and Licensing
CC License details
Creative Commons logo + options
Reuse with attribution
No reuse of parts, the w...
Copyright and Licensing
A couple of CC examples
 Jorum sometimes uses:
 Attribution - Non-Commercial - Share-Alike 2.0
E...
Copyright and Licensing
Other licences
 YouTube Standard licence (a fairly typical example)
 No commercial use
 “to You...
Copyright and Licensing
Watch out for...
 Accidental infringement
 Clipart may limit what licence can be used and the
co...
Copyright and Licensing
Useful links
Creative Commons licence choice
http://creativecommons.org/choose/
UK Copyright servi...
Craig
Range of content in online learning
• Interactive content
– Quizzes
– Wikis
– Discussion boards
• Visuals including photos...
Practical demonstration
• Go to Jorum
• Find OER that we want to use
• Download OER
• Prepare OER and add to Moodle
Vicki
How might you incorporate OERs
into your teaching practice?
Discussion prompts and case studies from a workshop on
Open Ed...
Discuss …
• Case studies – review & discuss
– What are the motivations and enablers for using OERs?
– What are the challen...
OU OpenLearn
www.open.edu/openlearn/
• Free access to over 800 open courses
• Originated from institution-wide, action res...
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MIT OpenCourseWare: http://ocw.mit.edu/index.htm
“The idea is simple: to publish all...
Athabasca University, Canada
http://cldd.athabascau.ca/open-educational-resources/index.php
• Association with the Commonw...
Broward College, Florida
https://bconline.broward.edu/shared/Tutorials/Instructors/Publishers/
oer.html
• Committed to aff...
University of Edinburgh
http://www.ed.ac.uk/studying/online-learning/special/special
OER Task Force established in 2013-14...
Case study references
Gomez, S., L. Callaghan, S. A. Eick, D. Carchidi, S. Carson and H. Andersson (2012). "An
institution...
OER Resources
Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/ (see next slide)
Humbox: http://humbox.ac.uk/
iTunes University: http://www....
Flickr Attribution Tool
A handy tool for finding the code for this to put into
your web pages:
http://cogdog.github.io/fli...
Google Images
A short video showing how to select images from Google
by usage rights:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XHpI...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

OerLet’s not reinvent the wheel; what can Open Educational Resources (OERs) offer us?

277 views

Published on

Workshop about how to think about using OERs

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

OerLet’s not reinvent the wheel; what can Open Educational Resources (OERs) offer us?

  1. 1. Let’s not reinvent the wheel; what can Open Educational Resources (OERs) offer us? Niall Barr Craig Brown Vicki Dale Sarah Honeychurch This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
  2. 2. • Creative Commons and other licensing frameworks • Examples of OER repositories • Discussion: how might you incorporate OERs into teaching practice • Discussion: relative merits and drawbacks of OERs in particular disciplines
  3. 3. Niall
  4. 4. Copyright and Licensing Introduction  Copyright covers “recorded work” - not concepts such as ideas or inventions.  Copyright is automatic (unless first publication is in the U.S.A)  Where something is protected by copyright, your rights to reproduce it without permission are very limited.  After copyright expires work is in “Public Domain”  Licences provide a means of giving permission to reuse before copyright expiration.
  5. 5. Copyright and Licensing Copyright  Berne Convention (1886)  Copyright is intended to protect the rights of individual creators of “Literary and Artistic Works”  In the UK software is explicitly defined as “literary work”  Minimum copyright periods from publication  Default: Life of (longest surviving) author + 50 years  Film: 50 years from publication  Anonymous: 50 years from publication  Photographs and art: 25 years from creation  Sound recordings and photographs have separate copyright from music or play or artwork being recorded or photographed  Copyright lasts the time defined in the country of first publication, or the minimum in the case of multiple simultaneous (<30 days) publication.  Other treaties: UCC, TRIPS, WCT.
  6. 6. Copyright and Licensing Fair dealing (1/3)  Copyright material may be used without explicit permission, in a limited manner for:  Research and private study  The copy is made for the purposes of research or private study.  The copy is made for non-commercial purposes.  The source of the material is acknowledged.  The person making the copy does not make copies of the material available for a number of people.
  7. 7. Copyright and Licensing Fair dealing (2/3)  Copyright material may be used without explicit permission, in a limited manner for:  Instruction or examination  The copying is done by the student or the person giving instruction.  The copying is not done via a reprographic process.  The source of the material is acknowledged.  The instruction is for a non-commercial purpose.
  8. 8. Copyright and Licensing Fair dealing (3/3)  Copyright material may be used without explicit permission, in a limited manner for:  Criticism or review  Must be real  News reporting  Not photographs  Incidental inclusion  e.g. Background music accidentally recorded, or artwork in a room that is being used for filming.  Accessibility for someone with a visual impairment
  9. 9. Copyright and Licensing Licensing  Pre-internet, effectively was just individual agreements.  Source-code sharing & reuse changed this:  Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) License (1978)  Originally a pragmatic agreement due to inadvertent copyright infringement by postgraduate students.  Donated to / placed in Public Domain  Debatable legitimacy in many countries. (OK in U.K.)  GPL  Introduced concept of “free software”
  10. 10. Copyright and Licensing Creative Commons  Creative Commons provides a set of licences for sharing copyright works (other than software)  Allow reuse provided the the original creator is credited.  Various optional restrictions  Also provide a CC0 licence, which is similar to donating to public domain, and a logo which can be used to indicate work that is known to be in the public domain.  Widely used by OER repositories
  11. 11. Copyright and Licensing CC Licenses  Attribution (CC BY)  Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA )  Attribution-NoDerivs (CC BY-ND)  Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)  Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA)  Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)
  12. 12. Copyright and Licensing CC License details Creative Commons logo + options Reuse with attribution No reuse of parts, the work must remain intact. Reuse of parts or as part of another work only if that is released under the same licence. No commercial use of the work or derivatives. {
  13. 13. Copyright and Licensing A couple of CC examples  Jorum sometimes uses:  Attribution - Non-Commercial - Share-Alike 2.0 England and Wales  Exactly the same as CC BY-NC-SA, except explicitly covered by English law.  OpenLearn also uses CC BY-NC-SA, but...  Acknowledgements sections identify work that does not belong to the OU, and is not CC
  14. 14. Copyright and Licensing Other licences  YouTube Standard licence (a fairly typical example)  No commercial use  “to YouTube, a worldwide, non-exclusive, royalty-free, transferable licence (with right to sub-licence) to use, reproduce, distribute, prepare derivative works of, display, and perform that Content in connection with the provision of the Service and otherwise in connection with the provision of the Service and YouTube's business, including without limitation for promoting and redistributing part or all of the Service (and derivative works thereof) in any media formats and through any media channels;”  “to each user of the Service, a worldwide, non-exclusive, royalty-free licence to access your Content through the Service, and to use, reproduce, distribute, prepare derivative works of, display and perform such Content to the extent permitted by the functionality of the Service and under these Terms”  Licence expires when content is deleted.  Wikimedia Commons  Lots of CC-BY, but also many other free content licences.  Open Publication License  Against DRM license  GNU Free Documentation License  Open Game License (a license designed for role-playing games by Wizards of the Coast)  Free Art License
  15. 15. Copyright and Licensing Watch out for...  Accidental infringement  Clipart may limit what licence can be used and the content's author may not have realised this  Photographs etc. of public domain content may be copyrighted.  Public Domain in the USA ≠ Public Domain  Many works on Project Gutenberg etc. are still copyrighted outside the U.S.A.
  16. 16. Copyright and Licensing Useful links Creative Commons licence choice http://creativecommons.org/choose/ UK Copyright service https://www.copyrightservice.co.uk/ JISC OER infoKit https://openeducationalresources.pbworks.com/ w/page/24836480/Home
  17. 17. Craig
  18. 18. Range of content in online learning • Interactive content – Quizzes – Wikis – Discussion boards • Visuals including photos, diagrams, 3D models, infographics • Animations • Audio, video, Camtasia mini lectureshttp://www.jorum.ac.uk/
  19. 19. Practical demonstration • Go to Jorum • Find OER that we want to use • Download OER • Prepare OER and add to Moodle
  20. 20. Vicki
  21. 21. How might you incorporate OERs into your teaching practice? Discussion prompts and case studies from a workshop on Open Educational Resources facilitated by Sarah Honeychurch, Craig Brown, Niall Barr and Vicki Dale, Learning Technology Unit, University of Glasgow 31st April 2015 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
  22. 22. Discuss … • Case studies – review & discuss – What are the motivations and enablers for using OERs? – What are the challenges and barriers? – What support is needed to overcome these? (20 minutes) • How might you incorporate OERs into your own teaching practice (either producing and/or consuming)? (15 minutes) • What should a Glasgow approach to OERs look like? Do we need a strategy? (15 minutes)
  23. 23. OU OpenLearn www.open.edu/openlearn/ • Free access to over 800 open courses • Originated from institution-wide, action research • Teaching & business models based on economies of scale • Congruent with OU’s open media policy • OER activity embedded in university’s strategic plan • Used to support outreach & other public engagement activities • Conceptualised as “a reciprocal contract of sharing within a “gift economy”” • However, still an fraction of annual expenditure (£10M over 5 years despite £450M annual expenditure) Lane, A. (2012). "Case Studies on Institutional Open Approaches: The Open University." Retrieved 28 April, 2015, from http://oro.open.ac.uk/33245/. • Also seen to be competing financially with core business of distance learning (McAndrew 2006, cited in Gomez et al 2012)
  24. 24. Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT OpenCourseWare: http://ocw.mit.edu/index.htm “The idea is simple: to publish all of our course materials online and make them widely available to everyone.” (Dick K.P. Yue, Professor, MIT School of Engineering) • After early adopters, gained universal staff buy-in from outset into “altruistic and philanthropic ethos of openness” (Gomez et al 2012) • Sought to cascade concept of openness to other HEIs • Aspiration to be a ‘trailblazer’ in online learning • Benefited from central, dedicated OER team (handled IP issues, supported faculty & published OERs for them) led by executive-level manager • Statistics: – Materials from 2150 courses – 125 million visitors to the site Gomez, S., L. Callaghan, S. A. Eick, D. Carchidi, S. Carson and H. Andersson (2012). "An institutional approach to supporting open education: A case study of OpenCourseWare at Massachusetts Institute of Technology." Proceedings of Cambridge 2012: Innovation and Impact-Openly Collaborating to Enhance Education: 29-37.
  25. 25. Athabasca University, Canada http://cldd.athabascau.ca/open-educational-resources/index.php • Association with the Commonwealth of Learning & charter member of the OER University • Has a UNESCO/Commonwealth of Learning Chair in Open Educational Resources • Recognises itself as an open university: – No entrance requirements, year-round entry – Open source software (Moodle, Mahara, Elgg, Alfresco) – Open scholarship & open access research policy – Exploration of open pedagogies (MOOCs) • Working to bypass substantially increased licensing costs for copyrighted materials • OERs a priority in revised course development policy; focus on active learning activities • Pilot study included local adaptation of MIT OERs • Students contribute links to open resources • Staff workshops for learning & capacity building Ives, C. and M. M. Pringle (2013). "Moving to open educational resources at Athabasca University: A case study." The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning 14(2). www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1534
  26. 26. Broward College, Florida https://bconline.broward.edu/shared/Tutorials/Instructors/Publishers/ oer.html • Committed to affordability of college education in a move against >80% textbook price increase • State of Florida senators created ‘Affordable College Textbook Act’ • Contracted with Flat World Knowledge to embed OER and develop custom e-books, and with Lumen Learning for OER staff workshops • Overall saving for students of $250,000/term • OERs currently comprise 30% of online programme content • Some subjects lend themselves better to OERs; more difficult for maths, anatomy & physiology, and computer science • Almost all courses being designed with OER in mind • Increased student engagement, retention & completion Shulman, D. (no date). "Broward College Online Case Study: Diving into Open Educational Resources." Retrieved 29 April, 2015, from http://www.oeconsortium.org/projects/showcases/oer-at-broward-college-online/.
  27. 27. University of Edinburgh http://www.ed.ac.uk/studying/online-learning/special/special OER Task Force established in 2013-14, produced an OER strategy with a view to publishing OERs ‘at scale’: 1. ‘For the common good’ • Support for UoE staff to publish & share learning materials as OERs • Support to help staff find and use high quality OERs 2. ‘Edinburgh at its best’ • To identify high quality learning materials in every school department and research institution, to be published online for flexible use • To facilitate discovery of such materials, to enhance institutional reputation 3. ‘Edinburgh’s treasures’ • To identify major collections, archives, treasures & museum resources to be digitised, curated & shared for the greater good • To develop policy & infrastructure to ensure these collections are sustainable & useable longer term Highton, M. (2015). "A vision for Open Educational Resources at University of Edinburgh." Retrieved 30 April, 2015, from http://thinking.is.ed.ac.uk/melissa/2015/04/13/a-vision-for-open- educational-resources-at-university-of-edinburgh/.
  28. 28. Case study references Gomez, S., L. Callaghan, S. A. Eick, D. Carchidi, S. Carson and H. Andersson (2012). "An institutional approach to supporting open education: A case study of OpenCourseWare at Massachusetts Institute of Technology." Proceedings of Cambridge 2012: Innovation and Impact-Openly Collaborating to Enhance Education: 29-37. Highton, M. (2015). "A vision for Open Educational Resources at University of Edinburgh." Retrieved 30 April, 2015, from http://thinking.is.ed.ac.uk/melissa/2015/04/13/a-vision-for-open-educational- resources-at-university-of-edinburgh/. Ives, C. and M. M. Pringle (2013). "Moving to open educational resources at Athabasca University: A case study." The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning 14(2). www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1534 Lane, A. (2012). "Case Studies on Institutional Open Approaches: The Open University." Retrieved 28 April, 2015, from http://oro.open.ac.uk/33245/. Shulman, D. (no date). "Broward College Online Case Study: Diving into Open Educational Resources." Retrieved 29 April, 2015, from http://www.oeconsortium.org/projects/showcases/oer-at-broward-college- online/.
  29. 29. OER Resources Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/ (see next slide) Humbox: http://humbox.ac.uk/ iTunes University: http://www.apple.com/ca/apps/itunes-u/ Jorum: http://www.jorum.ac.uk/ Khan Academy: https://www.khanacademy.org/ MIT OpenCourseWare: http://ocw.mit.edu/index.htm OpenLearn: http://www.open.edu/openlearn/ Pubmed: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed Ted Talks: http://www.ted.com/talks/browse
  30. 30. Flickr Attribution Tool A handy tool for finding the code for this to put into your web pages: http://cogdog.github.io/flickr-cc-helper/ YouTube explanation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iBY1ZGAKvqk
  31. 31. Google Images A short video showing how to select images from Google by usage rights: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XHpIpXljoUo

×