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Implementing Prevention: The
IVP Guidance
Professor Jon Cole
Department of Psychological Sciences
Elephants in
the room
a. “Islamophobia”
b. “false positives”
c. “Self fulfilling
prophecy”
d. “I’m not an agent
of the sta...
‘Black Box’ Radicalisation
The Cause
Protest
Direct Action
Violent Extremism/Terrorism
Postal CBRN attack
The Rational Choice Model
The Rational Choice Model
Decision
What to focus on
All behaviour is communication
All behaviour happens for a reason
All behaviour is preceded by a decis...
Prevention Interventions
Universal Selective Indicated
Environmental Legal sanctions Removing social
media
Travel restrict...
Needs Assessment
Successful prevention relies on the early identification of, and
intervention with, vulnerable (young) pe...
The IVP Guidance
Yellow Criteria
Identify young people who are vulnerable to peer pressure
and potential negative influences of colleagues,...
Orange Criteria
Identify boundary testing behaviours.
May already have or be establishing a belief system that is
supporti...
Red Criteria
Identify an increased commitment to the use of violence in
support of beliefs.
Require regular monitoring and...
Geo-tagged Social Media
Conclusions
Preventing violent extremism means that we must identify and
protect vulnerable people before they engage in c...
Vulnerability to being drawn into terrorism and reflections on social media
Vulnerability to being drawn into terrorism and reflections on social media
Vulnerability to being drawn into terrorism and reflections on social media
Vulnerability to being drawn into terrorism and reflections on social media
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Vulnerability to being drawn into terrorism and reflections on social media

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Vulnerability to being drawn into terrorism and reflections on social media
Dr Jon Cole, Department of Psychological Sciences
University of Liverpool

Published in: Education
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Vulnerability to being drawn into terrorism and reflections on social media

  1. 1. Implementing Prevention: The IVP Guidance Professor Jon Cole Department of Psychological Sciences
  2. 2. Elephants in the room a. “Islamophobia” b. “false positives” c. “Self fulfilling prophecy” d. “I’m not an agent of the state”
  3. 3. ‘Black Box’ Radicalisation
  4. 4. The Cause
  5. 5. Protest
  6. 6. Direct Action
  7. 7. Violent Extremism/Terrorism
  8. 8. Postal CBRN attack
  9. 9. The Rational Choice Model
  10. 10. The Rational Choice Model Decision
  11. 11. What to focus on All behaviour is communication All behaviour happens for a reason All behaviour is preceded by a decision Decisions can be influenced
  12. 12. Prevention Interventions Universal Selective Indicated Environmental Legal sanctions Removing social media Travel restrictions Developmental Life skills training Family management skills Therapeutic interventions Informational Awareness raising Counter narratives Ideological challenge Beware the ‘Prevention Paradox’ where the greatest harm in a population will occur in those considered at least risk because there are far more of them than those considered “at risk”.
  13. 13. Needs Assessment Successful prevention relies on the early identification of, and intervention with, vulnerable (young) people (elephants 1, 2, and 3). Frontline staff/community leaders/parents will be in the best position to spot vulnerability and the changes in behaviour indicative of radicalisation (elephant 4). Structured professional judgment tools will assist their decision making in this safeguarding context (elephants 1, 2, and 4).
  14. 14. The IVP Guidance
  15. 15. Yellow Criteria Identify young people who are vulnerable to peer pressure and potential negative influences of colleagues, friends, and family. Personal, social, and cultural circumstances may make them particularly vulnerable to recruitment by violent extremists. Early identification of individuals at this stage should allow supports to be put in place to direct their behaviour away from violence toward constructive, socially appropriate outlets.
  16. 16. Orange Criteria Identify boundary testing behaviours. May already have or be establishing a belief system that is supportive of violent extremist behaviour. This requires sensitive challenge and intervention to increase their critical thinking skills and offer alternatives to violence for addressing problems and issues.
  17. 17. Red Criteria Identify an increased commitment to the use of violence in support of beliefs. Require regular monitoring and intensive intervention to change established beliefs and behaviours in support of violent extremism.
  18. 18. Geo-tagged Social Media
  19. 19. Conclusions Preventing violent extremism means that we must identify and protect vulnerable people before they engage in criminal behaviour. This necessitates a large number of ‘false positives’ as most vulnerable people will not engage in violent extremism even if they are radicalised. Waiting until vulnerable people have begun to engage in criminal behaviour may make successful prevention difficult.

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