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Higher education in facts and figures 2015

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Higher education in facts and figures 2015

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Higher education in facts and figures 2015

  1. 1. HIGHER EDUCATION IN FACTS AND FIGURES 2015
  2. 2. 2 Factsandfigure2015 18-year-olds from the areas with lowest participation in higher education in England are 61% more likely to start university now, than in 2006. In the first quarter of 2015, the median salary for graduates was 41% higher than for non‑graduates amongst those aged 16–64. 27% of all academic staff employed at UK universities are from outside the UK. 17% of research and development funding received by UK universities comes from overseas sources, the majority (68%) from within the EU. Over three quarters of research activity at UK universities was rated as world‑leading or internationally excellent. For further information: Tel: +44 (0)20 7419 4111 Visit: www.universitiesuk.ac.uk Email: info@universitiesuk.ac.uk HIGHLIGHTS
  3. 3. 3 Factsandfigure2015 STUDENTS 18-year-old application rates to full-time first degree study in the UK, 2006–15 5 Application rates to full-time first degree study for the most disadvantaged 18-year-olds, 2006–15 6 Entry rates to full-time first degree study for the most disadvantaged 18-year-olds, 2006–14 7 Young entry rates to full-time first degree study by UK country, 2006–13 8 Students at higher education providers in the UK by country of provider, 2012–13 to 2013–14 9 Full-time and part-time higher education students by level of study at UK higher education providers, 2013–14 10 Students by subject area at UK higher education providers 2013–14 11 Higher education provider students by domicile and level of study, 2013–14 12 Home country of international students at UK higher education providers, 2013–14 13 Home country of European Economic Area students at UK higher education providers, 2013–14 14 Top five countries of origin for UK students, 2013–14 15 Provider income from non-EU domiciled students and non-EU domiciled student numbers, 2003–04 to 2013–14 16 Student satisfaction, 2015 17 First degree qualifiers by sex, mode of study and degree class, 2013–14 18 Qualifications awarded at UK higher education providers, 2013–14 19 Destinations of leavers by level of qualification 2013–14 20 Unemployment rates and median salaries in the UK by group (2015, quarter 1) 21
  4. 4. 4 Factsandfigure2015 FINANCE AND STAFF Expenditure on higher education as a percentage of GDP (2011) 22 Income and size of UK higher education providers, 2012–13 and 2013–14 23 Income of and expenditure by UK higher education providers, 2013–14 24 Academic staff by nationality and subject area, 2013–14 25 Academic staff in UK higher education providers by nationality and sex, 2013–14 26 Staff salaries at UK higher education providers, 2013–14 27 RESEARCH AND INNOVATION Research and development funding received by UK higher education providers, 2013–14 28 Government-financed gross domestic expenditure on research and development as a proportion of GDP, 2007–13 29 UK government-funded expenditure on research and development, 2003–13 30 Research Excellence Framework research quality profiles, 2014 31 Sources 32 Glossary 33 Universities UK 36
  5. 5. 5 Students 18-YEAR-OLD APPLICATION RATES TO FULL-TIME FIRST DEGREE STUDY IN THE UK, 2006–15 18-year-olds are more likely than ever to apply for university in all UK countries. This shows the proportion of 18-year-olds living in the different UK nations who apply to university. 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Northern IrelandEngland ScotlandWales Year Applicationrate(%) 48% 35% 32% 31%
  6. 6. 7 Students ENTRY RATES TO FULL-TIME FIRST DEGREE STUDY FOR THE MOST DISADVANTAGED 18-YEAR-OLDS, 2006–14 18-year-olds from the areas with lowest higher education participation (POLAR3 quintile 1) are more likely than ever to go to university, with those in England 61% more likely to start university now than in 2006. The gap between those from the most and least advantaged areas fell by 12% during the period. 5 10 15 20 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Northern IrelandEngland ScotlandWales Year Entryrate(%) 17% 18% 9% 17%
  7. 7. 8 Students YOUNG ENTRY RATES TO FULL-TIME FIRST DEGREE STUDY BY UK COUNTRY, 2006–13 Entry rates show the proportion of the population accepted into higher education through UCAS. People aged 18 and 19 are now more likely to enter higher education than ever before in three of the four nations of the UK. 20 30 40 50 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Northern IrelandEngland ScotlandWales Year Entryrate(%) 44% 41% 30% 35%
  8. 8. 10 Students FULL-TIME AND PART-TIME HIGHER EDUCATION STUDENTS BY LEVEL OF STUDY AT UK HIGHER EDUCATION PROVIDERS, 2013–14 Part-time students make up about a quarter of postgraduate research students, a fifth of all undergraduate students, and half of postgraduate taught students. Postgraduate research 111,495 Postgraduate taught 427,945 Undergraduate 1,759,920 Full time Part time 52.0% 48.0% 26.5% 73.5% 26.2% 73.8% 20.9% 79.1% Total 2,299,360
  9. 9. 11 Students STUDENTS BY SUBJECT AREA AT UK HIGHER EDUCATION PROVIDERS 2013–14 There is still a strong male/female split in subject choice, with 84% of those studying engineering male and 79% of those studying subjects allied to health, female. Undergraduate female Undergraduate male Postgraduate female Postgraduate male 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 Health allied subjects Socialstudies BiologicalsciencesEducation Arts and design EngineeringLanguages PhysicalsciencesCom puting History Law M edicine & dentistry Com bined subjects M ass com m unication Architecture M athem aticsAgriculture Veterinary science Business
  10. 10. 12 Students HIGHER EDUCATION PROVIDER STUDENTS BY DOMICILE AND LEVEL OF STUDY, 2013–14 13% of undergraduate students and 38% of postgraduate students are from outside the UK. 0 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 Undergraduate Postgraduate taught Postgraduate research UK EU Non-EU 87% 9% 63% 58% 7% 4% 29% 13% 29% Note: All percentages have been calculated using the raw figures and rounded, therefore percentages may not sum precisely
  11. 11. 13 Students HOME COUNTRY OF INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS AT UK HIGHER EDUCATION PROVIDERS, 2013–14 The number of international students in the UK increased between 2012–13 and 2013–14 by 2%. Students from China made up 20% of all international students and those from India made up 5% in 2013–14. The number of students from China increased by 4,100 whilst those from India decreased again, this time by 2,600. 3.0% 2,580 4.3% 1.6% 27,340 2.7% 35,095 0.0% 125,300 -11.8% 19,750 4.9% 19,525 22.2% 5,310 North America South America EU Other Europe Australasia 5.6% 84,895 Rest of Asia 4.9% 87,895 China India Africa Middle East % of total non-UK domiciled students at UK HEPs % change from last year Total students 2013–14 4.5% 6.3% 1.2% 8.1% 6.3% 4.5% 20.2% 19.5% 0.6% up to 1% 1–5% 5–10% 10–20% 20–30% 27,520 28.8% 4.5%
  12. 12. 14 Students HOME COUNTRY OF EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AREA STUDENTS AT UK HIGHER EDUCATION PROVIDERS, 2013–14 There were 133,845 students from the EEA and Switzerland studying in UK universities in 2013–14. up to 1% 1–2% 2–4% 4–6% 6–8% 8%+ % of total EEA/Swiss domiciled students at UK HEPs in 2013–14 0.2% 210 3.9% 5,220 1.9% 2,530 8.6% 11,500 2.3% 3,100 2.2% 2,900 10.5% 14,060 0.8% 1,070 0.7% 980 8.0% 10,670 0.2% 255 0.3% 360 7.7% 10,295 7.1% 9,550 4.9% 6,585 1.4% 1,885 0.9% 1,175 1.4% 1,840 3.6% 4,865 3.9% 5,2001.0% 1,315 1.3% 1,785 1.1% 1,465 1.0% 1,405 4.7% 6,355 4.9% 6,515 2.4% 3,230 Austria 0.0% 15 Liechtenstein Czech Rep Hungary Slovakia Austria Czech Rep Slovakia LatviaLatvia FinlandFinland Norway SwedenSweden 1.1% 1,425 Denmark Iceland 8.6% 11,490 Ireland Switzerland Italy Romania Malta Belgium Luxembourg Germany PolandPoland 2.5% 3,340 Netherlands Portugal France Spain Cyprus BulgariaBulgaria Slovenia Croatia Greece Estonia Romania LithuaniaLithuania
  13. 13. 15 Students TOP FIVE COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN FOR UK STUDENTS, 2013–14 Students coming from China have risen by 54% over the past four years but those from India have fallen by 49% in the same period. 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 35,000 40,000 50,000 10,000 0 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 90,000 100,000 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13 2013–14 China (shown against right-hand axis) India Nigeria Malaysia United States Year StudentsfromMalaysia,USA,NigeriaandIndia StudentsfromChina
  14. 14. 16 Students PROVIDER INCOME FROM NON-EU DOMICILED STUDENTS AND NON-EU DOMICILED STUDENT NUMBERS, 2003–04 TO 2013–14 Universities received £3.9 billion in tuition fees from the 310,000 international student registered at them in 2013–14. 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 2004–05 2003–04 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13 2013–14 Real tuition fee income from non-EU students (£ billion) Realtuitionfeeincomefromnon-EUstudents(£bn) Total non-EU domiciled students Totalnon-EUdomiciledstudents Year
  15. 15. 17 Students STUDENT SATISFACTION, 2015 Student satisfaction remains high, with 86% of students satisfied with their course. Satisfied Not satisfied 14% 86% The National Student Survey of final year undergraduate students found the overwhelming majority were satisfied with the quality of their course.
  16. 16. 18 Students FIRST DEGREE QUALIFIERS BY SEX, MODE OF STUDY AND DEGREE CLASS, 2013–14 70% of full-time female students and 65% of full-time male students got first and upper-second (2.1) degrees. Full-time female students are 53% more likely to get a first or 2.1 than their part-time equivalents. Male full-time students are 36% more likely to get a first or 2.1 than their part-time equivalents. 0 20 40 60 80 100 Full-time female Part-time female Full-time male Part-time male First Upper second Lower second Third/pass Unclassified 19.3% 20.7% 3.5% 5.6% 13.6% 32.3% 26.3% 13.4% 14.3% 19.2% 24.5% 5.4% 5.4% 16.3% 27.2% 11.2%14.2% 45.6% 50.9% 31.2%
  17. 17. 19 Students QUALIFICATIONS AWARDED AT UK HIGHER EDUCATION PROVIDERS, 2013–14 56% of all qualifications awarded in 2013–14 were for undergraduate first degrees. The number of degrees awarded was 10,000 lower than in 2012–13. Undergraduate Postgraduate First degree Other undergraduate Foundation degree Other higher degree PGCE Other postgraduate qualification Doctorate Full-time Mode of study Part-time Total % of total 421,850 38,220 383,630 79,090 35,650 43,440 18,935 8,500 10,435 167,425 38,075 129,350 22,360 1,055 21,305 46,915 14,570 32,345 3,695 17,545 21,240 54.2% 10.2% 2.4% 21.5% 2.9% 6.0% 2.7%
  18. 18. 20 Students DESTINATIONS OF LEAVERS BY LEVEL OF QUALIFICATION 2013–14 Six months after graduation, 92% of postgraduates and other undergraduates, and 89% of first degree students are working or pursuing further study. 0 20 40 60 80 100 Postgraduate First degree Other undergraduate Work Work and study Study Unemployed and looking for work Other 81.2% 4.9% 6.2% 4.3% 4.9%6.3%13.1%5.5%70.2% 4.6%3.7%19.5%14.0%58.2% 3.5%
  19. 19. 21 Students UNEMPLOYMENT RATES AND MEDIAN SALARIES IN THE UK BY GROUP (2015, QUARTER 1) In the first quarter of 2015 the median salary for graduates was 31% higher than for non-graduates amongst those aged 21–30, and 41% higher for those aged 16–64. Young unemployment rate (21–30 year olds) Unemployment rate (16–64 year olds) 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 35,000 40,000 45,000 50,000 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% 10% GraduatePostgraduate Non-graduate Median salary (16–64 year olds)Young median salary (21–30 year old) Unemploymentrates(%) Mediansalary(£)
  20. 20. 22 FinanceandStaff EXPENDITURE ON HIGHER EDUCATION AS A PERCENTAGE OF GDP (2011) In 2011 the UK spent 1.2% of GDP on higher education: a lower proportion than many countries, including the USA, the Russian Federation, and Chile. Country Total expenditure in % Canada 2.8 United States 2.7 Republic of Korea 2.6 Chile 2.4 Colombia 2.0 Denmark 1.9 Finland 1.9 Netherlands 1.8 Estonia 1.7 Israel 1.7 Norway 1.7 Sweden 1.7 Argentina 1.6 Australia 1.6 Japan 1.6 Austria 1.5 France 1.5 Ireland 1.5 Latvia 1.5 Country Total expenditure in % New Zealand 1.5 Belgium 1.4 Czech Republic 1.4 Portugal 1.4 Russian Federation 1.4 Germany 1.3 Mexico 1.3 Poland 1.3 Slovenia 1.3 Spain 1.3 Switzerland 1.3 Turkey 1.3 Iceland 1.2 United Kingdom 1.2 Hungary 1.0 Italy 1.0 Slovakia 1.0 Brazil 0.9
  21. 21. 23 FinanceandStaff INCOME AND SIZE OF UK HIGHER EDUCATION PROVIDERS, 2012–13 AND 2013–14 Nearly half of all UK higher education providers have an annual income of between £50 and £200 million. Less than a third had an annual income higher than £200 million. Income(£) Numberofstudents Total income 2012–13 Total income 2013–14 Number of students 2012–13 Number of students 2013–14 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 More than £1bn £500–1000m £200–500m £100–200m £50–100m £20–50m £10–20m Less than £10m 50,000 to 200,000 30,000 to 50,000 25,000 to 30,000 20,000 to 25,000 15,000 to 20,000 10,000 to 15,000 5,000 to 10,000 1,000 to 5,000 Less than 1,000
  22. 22. 24 FinanceandStaff INCOME OF AND EXPENDITURE BY UK HIGHER EDUCATION PROVIDERS, 2013–14 In 2013–14, the highest proportion of providers’ income came from full-time UK and EU students. In total, tuition fees made up 42% of provider income. 20% 6% 1% 55% 37% 27% 3%13% 3% 17% 18% 1% Funding council grants Full-time UK and EU HE fees Part-time UK and EU fees Staff costs Other operating expenses Depreciation Interest and other finance costs Non-EU domicile HE fees Other fees and support grants Research grants and contracts Other income Endowment and investment income Total expenditure £29.3 billionTotal income £30.7 billionTotal income £30.7 billion Total expenditure £29.3 billion
  23. 23. 25 FinanceandStaff ACADEMIC STAFF BY NATIONALITY AND SUBJECT AREA, 2013–14 EU and international staff make up 37% of all academics employed in engineering and technology, and 35% of those employed in science and maths. UK staffNon-EU staff EU staff M edicine and healthcare Agriculture and vetscience Science and m aths Engineering and technologyArchitechture Business studies SocialSciences Hum anities and languages Creative and perform ing arts Education 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 35,000 40,000 45,000 50,000 Universities employed academics in 2013–14. 46,660 2,335 30,255 22,470 3,870 15,065 23,695 17,560 16,240 13,040 191,000
  24. 24. 26 FinanceandStaff ACADEMIC STAFF IN UK HIGHER EDUCATION PROVIDERS BY NATIONALITY AND SEX, 2013–14 27% of academic staff at UK higher education providers are from outside the UK. 33% 40% 7% 8% 5% 7% Female UK staff Male UK staff Female EU staff Male EU staff Female non-EU staff Male non-EU staff
  25. 25. 27 FinanceandStaff STAFF SALARIES AT UK HIGHER EDUCATION PROVIDERS, 2013–14 54% of the total higher education workforce are female. They make up 63% of those paid under £17,678. Men are 46% of the total higher education workforce. They make up 70% of those paid over £57,032. Staff Percentage of employees from total 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 Under£17,678 £17,678 to £23,585 £23,586 to £31,643 £31,644 to £42,475 £42,476 to £57,031 £57,032+ Male non-academic Male academic Female non-academic Female academic 32% 27% 22%19%
  26. 26. 28 Researchandinnovation RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FUNDING RECEIVED BY UK HIGHER EDUCATION PROVIDERS, 2013–14 17% of research and development funding received by UK universities comes from overseas sources, the majority (68%) from within the EU. Research councils Higher education funding councils UK-based charities UK central government UK industry, commerce and public corporations EU sources International sources Other 28% 24% 14% 13% 4% 11% 1%5% Overall research and development funding has decreased by Research funding from international sources increased by 2.3%from 2012–13. in the same period. 9.3%
  27. 27. 29 Researchandinnovation GOVERNMENT-FINANCED GROSS DOMESTIC EXPENDITURE ON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AS A PROPORTION OF GDP, 2007–13 The Chinese government is now spending almost the same proportion of GDP on research and development as the UK government. 0% 0.1% 0.2% 0.3% 0.4% 0.5% 0.6% 0.7% 0.8% 0.9% 1.0% 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 United Kingdom United States Germany France OECD EU28 Japan Canada Italy China Year Govt-financedGERDas%ofGDP
  28. 28. 30 Researchandinnovation UK GOVERNMENT-FUNDED EXPENDITURE ON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 2003–13 UK government expenditure on research and development has been declining for the past three years and is now 12% lower than in 2010. Government-funded GERD, £ million £0 £1,000 £2,000 £3,000 £4,000 £5,000 £6,000 £7,000 £8,000 £9,000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Year
  29. 29. 31 Researchandinnovation RESEARCH EXCELLENCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH QUALITY PROFILES, 2014 Over three quarters of research activity at UK universities was rated as world-leading (4*) or internationally excellent (3*). Within disciplinary panels this ranged from 69% to 83%. 0 20 40 60 80 100 Panel A: Life sciences Panel B: Engineering and the physical sciences Panel C: Social sciences Panel D: Arts and humanities % at 4* % at 3* % at 2* % at 1* Unclassified
  30. 30. 32 Factsandfigure2015 SOURCES P.5 UCAS, 2015 P.6 UCAS, 2015 P.7 UCAS, 2015 P.8 UCAS, 2015 P.9 HESA (multiple years) Students in Higher Education P.10 HESA (2015) Students in Higher Education P.11 HESA (2015) Students in Higher Education P.12 HESA (2015) Students in Higher Education P.13 HESA (2015) Students in Higher Education P.14 HESA (2015) Students in Higher Education P.15 HESA (2015) Students in Higher Education P.16 HESA (multiple years) HE Finance Plus and Students in Higher Education, and BIS (2015) GDP deflators P.17 HEFCE (2015) NSS P.18 HESA (2015) Students in Higher Education P.19 HESA (2015) Students in Higher Education P.20 HESA (2015) DLHE P.21 BIS (2015) Q1 Graduate Labour Statistics P.22 OECD Education at a Glance (2014) P.23 HESA (multiple years) HE Finance Plus and Students in Higher Education P.24 HESA (2015) HE Finance Plus P.25 HESA (2015) Staff in Higher Education P.26 HESA (2015) Staff in Higher Education P.27 HESA (2015) Staff in Higher Education P.28 HESA (2015) HE Finance Plus P.29 OECD (2015) Main Science and Technology Indicators P.30 OECD (2015) Science, Technology and R&D Statistics P.31 HEFCE (2014) All data and further information on sources can be found on our website www.universitiesuk.ac.uk/highereducation
  31. 31. 34 Factsandfigure2015 OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Other undergraduate Undergraduate degrees which are not first degrees: these include foundation degrees and Higher National Diplomas. POLAR3 Participation of Local Areas (POLAR) is a widening participation measure which classifies local areas or ‘wards’ into five groups, based on the proportion of 18-year-olds who enter higher education aged 18 or 19-years-old. These groups range from quintile 1 areas, with the lowest young participation (most disadvantaged), up to quintile 5 areas with the highest rates (most advantaged).
  32. 32. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non­Commercial- NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 or send a letter to Creative Commons, PO Box 1866, Mountain View, CA 94042, USA.
  33. 33. UNIVERSITIES UK Universities UK is the representative organisation for the UK’s universities. Founded in 1918, our mission is to be the voice of universities in the UK, providing high quality leadership and support to our members to promote a successful and diverse higher education sector. With 132 members and offices in London, Cardiff (Universities Wales) and Edinburgh (Universities Scotland), we promote the strength and success of UK universities nationally and internationally. Woburn House, 20 Tavistock Square, London, WC1H 9HQ Tel: +44 (0)20 7419 4111 Email: info@universitiesuk.ac.uk Web: www.universitiesuk.ac.uk Twitter: @UniversitiesUK ISBN 978-1-84036-345-6 September 2015

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