Adopting a safeguarding approach to preventing violent extremism
and the Statutory Duty
Legislation and policy framework Framework for the assessment of children in Need and their families 2000
Every Child Matters 2003
Section 175 of the Education Act 2002
Section 55 of the Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act
The Protection of Children in England - Lord Laming’s 58 recommendations
Response to Laming 2009 – 23 recommendations addressed
Section 11,Children Act 2004 – 5 outcomes for children including ‘being safe’
The Common core of skills and knowledge for the Children’s workforce 2010
Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010 – detailed procedural guidance on
promoting the welfare of children and families
No Secrets 2000 (Safeguarding Vulnerable Adults)
Safeguarding Adults: Report on the Review of No Secrets 2009
Care Act 2014, HMSO, June 2014.
The CONTEST Strategy for the UK, 2006
Prevent Duty Guidance for England and Wales, 2015, HMSO
Duties on organisations and individuals to ensure their
functions are discharged with regard to the need to
safeguard and promote the welfare of children
No Secrets and subsequent review – was the definitive
guide for anyone working in safeguarding and adult
protection. Now superceded by the Care Act 2014.
When she died, aged eight, in February 2000 she weighed
just 3st 10lb (24kg) and was found to have 128 separate
‘Victoria was known to no less than two …housing
authorities, four social services departments, two child
protection teams of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), a
specialist centre managed by the NSPCC, and she was
admitted to two different hospitals because of suspected
Neil Garnham QC in the case listed no fewer than 12
key occasions when the relevant services had the
opportunity to successfully intervene in the life of
Victoria. As evidence to the Inquiry unfolded, several
other opportunities emerged. Not one of these
required great skill or would have made heavy
demands on time to take some form of action.
Sometimes it needed nothing more than a manager
doing their job by asking pertinent questions or taking
the trouble to look in a case file.
Baby P died in August 2007 at the hands of his mother,
her abusive boyfriend and their lodger despite being on
the at-risk register.
He had suffered more than 50 injuries despite receiving
60 visits from social workers, doctors and police over
an eight-month period.
Prevent and Safeguarding
Prevent policy aims to safeguard vulnerable individuals
(both adults and children) who may be at risk of being
radicalised and of potentially becoming involved in
terrorist activities. It also aims to provide support to
institutions where this may happen. Strong links to
mainstream systems which safeguard vulnerable adults
and children should include Prevent.
All frontline staff working directly with people or out
and about in communities have a role in helping to spot
the early signs of vulnerability to radicalisation and
other risks related to terrorism. The CTS Act 2015 now
makes that mandatory as a duty under the legislation.
There are no profiles
Extreme behavioural change (domination of others?)
Transitional period in life
Changes in Faith or ideology
Secrecy on internet
Narrow / limited religious / political view
Attendance at certain meetings / rallies
“Them” and “Us” language / rhetoric (de-humanisation)
Isolation from usual friends, family or social groups
Possession of propaganda DVD’s, literature or CD’s violent footage on mobile phones
Sudden unexplained foreign travel
A strong sense of anger, grievances about injustice often vocalised powerfully in public
A case study?
In 2009 Student Andrew Ibrahim was jailed for a minimum
of 10 years for plotting to blow himself up using a home-
made suicide vest.
He is the son of an NHS consultant and converted to Islam
The 20-year-old from Bristol changed his name by deed poll
and became obsessed with the politics of the Muslim world.
With the help of extreme material obtained via extreme
websites he became radicalised to the point where he
became a danger to himself and others.
Case Study continued?
• What made this capable, British born man end up in court
on charges of terrorism?
• Ibrahim developed a "mindset of martyrdom" and was
influenced by radical clerics on the internet - people like Abu
• Ibrahim said he admired the 7/7 London suicide bombers -
and he told friends the 9/11 attacks on America were a
"justified response" for Western aggression.
• Described as “a heroin-taking loner”, Ibrahim felt he had
found an ideology that echoed his own sense of anger with
As a safeguarding Issue what
would we have done?
I would like you to explore two questions:
What are the indicators here that would cause us concern?
Could you have intervened and prevented this from
happening, if so how?
VT Presentation – Andrew Ibrahim case study.
Recognition, Referral, Channel
Talk to the individual if you have concerns about their
position, view, perspective.
Share it with someone (colleague, line manager, HR,
Chaplaincy, HE Prevent coordinator in your region)
Internal referral to a Channel Panel
Channel = multi-agency panel, not unlike MAPPA, other
C&YP multi-agency panels. They may offer intervention,
formally, informally or seek an exit route to other services
Responses are OVERT, proportionate, require complete
cooperation Prevent only works in a non-criminal space.
Full Vulnerability Assessment
14.Over-identification with a
group or ideology
15.‘Them and us’ thinking
16. Dehumanisation of the enemy
17. Attitudes that justify offending
18. Harmful means to an end
19. Harmful objectives
20. Individual knowledge, skills or
21. Access to networks, funding
1. Feelings of grievance and
2. Feelings under threat
3. A need for identity meaning and
4. A desire for status
5. A desire for excitement and
6. A need for dominance and control
7. Susceptibility to indoctrination
8. A desire for political/moral change
9. Opportunistic involvement
10. Family or friends Involvement in
11. Being in transitional time of life
12. Influence and control by others
13. Relevant mental health issues
Prevent and Safeguarding
A Derbyshire example: reporting Concerns in Derbyshire
Keystone for general concerns/information. Picked up by police team.
firstname.lastname@example.org Or call 101
Channel reporting system specifically for concerns about vulnerable
Safeguarding concerns for children and adults – usual routes through
Children and Adult‘s Social care services. Derby and Derbyshire Safeguarding
policy and procedures.
You can find out more about Prevent and reporting concerns by
contacting Dawn Robinson HOS on
email@example.com or 01332 643508
What does your institution have in place?