Measuring Poverty for children in a multidimensional way in México

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Présentation de Gonzalo Hernandez, Secrétaire Général du CONEVAL, Mexique, à la Conférence Internationale d'Experts sur la mesure et les approches politiques pour améliorer l'équité pour les nouvelles générations dans la région MENA à Rabat, Maroc du 22 au 23 mai 2012.

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Measuring Poverty for children in a multidimensional way in México

  1. 1. Measuring Poverty for children in a multidimension way in México Gonzalo Hernández Licona Mayo, 2012 www.coneval.gob.mx
  2. 2. Why do we have a new method?• It is a mandate of the Social Development Law• The Law stablishes the main characteristics poverty measurement should comply: – It should be defined both in the space of social rights and economic wellbeing. – To make visible the link between social programs & the measurement of poverty, for public policy purposes.
  3. 3. Measuring poverty by mandate of the Law • Current income per capita SocialDevelopment • Educational gap Law • Access to health services • Access to social security Dimensions for poverty • Quality of living spaces measurement • Housing access to basic services Periodicity States • Access to food (2 years) Municipalities • Degree of social cohesion (5 years)
  4. 4. Main features (simple to understand) Without Vulnerable D e Not poor and people by p not social r vulnerable deprivations i vEWL a t Poor i Vulnerable o people by n income s 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Deprivations Social Rights
  5. 5. Poverty identification Vulnerable Not poor and people by not social vulnerable deprivationsEWL ModerateMWL Vulnerable poor people by Extreme poor income 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Deprivations Social Rights
  6. 6. Total population 2010 (112.6 millions) Vulnerable people by social Not poor and deprivation not vulnerable 21.8 million 32.3 millionWellbeing 19.3% 28.7% Income 1.9 deprivations on average Urban = $2,114 Rural = $1,329 LBE Moderate poor 35.8% LBM Urban = $978 Rural = $684 (40.3 million) Vulnerable 10.4% 2.1 deprivations people by Extreme (11.7 million) on average income 3.7 deprivation on poor average 6.5 million 5.8% 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Poverty Deprivations 46.2 % 52.0 millions Social Rights 2.5 deprivations on average Source: estimates by CONEVAL based on MCS-ENIGH 2010.
  7. 7. Percentage of people in poverty by muncipality. México, 2010 Rangos [ 0 - 30 ] [ 30 - 50 ] [ 50 - 70 ] [ 70 - 100 ] Total de 97 347 790 1222municipios Fuente: estimaciones del CONEVAL con base en el MCS-ENIGH 2010 y la muestra del Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010.
  8. 8. ObjetiveWork together on evaluation andpoverty measurement, especiallyregarding the situation of children inMexico.
  9. 9. The situation of children within the globaleconomic crisis: the case of Mexico • Analyse some of the changes faced by housholeds with children during the global economic crisis of 2009 in Mexico. • Produce timely information about the situation of children during one of the most important economic crisis for many decades.
  10. 10. Poverty and children’s social rights between 2008 and 2010 in Mexico.100.0 90.0 19.3 16.5 17.3 21.3 80.0 7.2 5.5 5.8 5.0 70.0 22.5 60.0 28.7 31.4 32.1 50.0 40.0 41.0 30.0 35.8 53.8 35.6 46.2 32.6 41.6 45.7 20.0 10.0 10.4 12.8 9.0 10.1 0.0 Nacional Ninas, niños y Adultos Adultos mayores adolescentes Población en situación de pobreza extrema Población en situación de pobreza moderada Población vulnerable por carencias sociales Población vulnerable por ingresos Población no pobre y no vulnerable Fuente: estimaciones del CONEVAL con base en el MCS-ENIGH 2010
  11. 11. Changes in poverty in Mexico, 2008-2010 Social Millions of people 2008 Deprivations People with 48.8 millions 6.0 low income 2010 4.8 52.0 millions 4.1 4.0 3.5 3.2 2.0 0.0 0.0 Access People with POVERTY EXTREME -0.8 to food very -2.0 low income POVERTY Educational -2.5 -2.3 gap -2.9 -4.0 Access to Quality and basic spaces in 2010 services dwelling 11.7 millions -6.0 in dwelling Access to social -8.0 security 2008 11.7 millions -9.0-10.0 Access to health services
  12. 12. Changes in children poverty in Mexico, 2008- 2010 Social 2008 Millions of people Deprivations 21.5 millions2.0 People with 2010 1.4 low income 21.4 millions 1.21.0 0.90.0 Access People with -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 to food very POVERTY EXTREME-1.0 low income Educational POVERTY -1.3 gap -1.5 Quality 2008-2.0 Access to and spaces basic 5.3 millions in dwelling services in dwelling-3.0 2010 5.1 millions-4.0 -4.3-5.0 -4.6 Access to Access to social health security services
  13. 13. II. Poverty and children’s social rights between 2008 and 2010 in Mexico.• Children have higher levels of poverty than therest of the population in Mexico.• Between 2008 y 2010 poverty grew enMexico, but neither poverty nor extreme povertyincreased for children.• Despite the reduction of income and foodsecurity, there was an increase of basic servicesfor households with children between 2008 and2010 (health services, social security, education).Multidimensional poverty thus did not changeduring this period for children.
  14. 14. www.coneval.gob.mxghernandezl@coneval.gob.mx Gonzalo Hernández Licona www.coneval.gob.mx

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