Integrating Equal Opportunity Principle in Budgets - Egypt


Published on

Présentation de Ragaa Mansour, Unité des égalités de chances, Ministère des Finances, Egypte, à la Conférence Internationale d'Experts sur la mesure et les approches politiques pour améliorer l'équité pour les nouvelles générations dans la région MENA à Rabat, Maroc du 22 au 23 mai 2012.

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Integrating Equal Opportunity Principle in Budgets - Egypt

  1. 1. Integrating Equal Opportunity Principle in Budgets - EgyptSubsidies’ Reform and Social Protection to Promote Equity Ragaa Mansour General Director, Equal Opportunity Unit Workshop on: Enhance Equity for the New Generations in the Middle East and North Africa‘ Rabat, Morocco – 22-23 May 2012
  2. 2. In 2001, the Ministry of Finance approved the establishment of“Gender Unit” to link between the National Council for Woman(NCW) and the Ministry of Finance, aiming at promoting equalityfor marginalized groups, providing opportunities for participationin public life, eliminating all forms of discrimination, giving bigmomentum for efforts exerted to advance rights of women andchildren, and opening opportunities for human resourcesdevelopment, in addition to other constitutional rights to achievecomplete equity.
  3. 3. Objectives of Equal Opportunity Unit • Promote and integrate budgets responding to needs of both women and men in the national plan and budget to achieve social justice for marginalized groups. • Enhance cooperation and networking amongst the different sectors in MoF and between MoF and other line ministries. • Develop staff professional and personal skills and advance spirit of belonging, which has its positive influence on staff performance as well as achieving MoF goals to reach equal opportunities.
  4. 4. Joint Initiatives with UNWOMENExtending partnership with UNWOMEN to achieve the Unit goal tosupport developing gender-responding budgets and raising theministry staff awareness of gender issues, how to plan for it, andorganizing specialized workshops in the field of:•Strategic planning responding to man and woman needs and how tomonitor and evaluate it.•Budgeting for gender-based programs and performance to positivelyimpact the improving of children status.•The importance of considering children in state plans and budgets.
  5. 5.  Indeed, “Equal Opportunity” project was implemented since 2006, Starting to identify what are the needs of women, men and children up to the implementation of gender responsive budgets, which required the application of programs and performance budgets, undergoing legislative and legal reforms; significantly required to promote social justice and fulfill children rights. Then, we moved ahead from theory to practice, which necessitates the commitment of different entities to apply modern and automated information systems and developing programme and performance budgets in compliance with the law of the State budget.
  6. 6. Objectives of “Equal Opportunities”Project•Achieve justice and equity for woman through integrating gender-based budgeting,that would eventually contribute to the fulfillment of children rights.•Support efforts of Ministries and Government organizations to bridge the gendergaps, combating discrimination against women and children, and improving theefficiency of public expenditures.•Supportgovernment efforts to alleviate poverty and achieve the MillenniumDevelopment Goals.•Supportthe Ministry of Finance in applying modern methods in budget developmentthrough applying gender-based programs and performance measurement budgetsand promoting transparency.
  7. 7. Project Key Stakeholders • Ministry of Finance – National Council for Woman. • Ministry of Economic Development – Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics – Parliament. • Media – Academics and Research Centers. • Civil Society and Women Organizations. • Netherland Royal Embassy – UNWOMEN.
  8. 8. Target Groups • Ministries and policy makers. • Ministry of Finance staff responsible for developing, implementing, and monitoring State Budget.
  9. 9. Legislative Changes
  10. 10. Budgeting for Women’s Rights 10
  11. 11. Social Justice in Housewife sets the Ministry of Finance and State Budget State Budget equal opportunity 11
  12. 12. Lessons Learnt • Participatory approach to develop gender-based budgets’ manual. • Political support of Minister of Finance, Directors of Budget Departments, UNWOMEN, and NCW. • Coordination between Ministry of Finance and Central Agency for Public General Mobilization and Statistics.
  13. 13. Sustainability• Restructuring of Equal Opportunity Unit in the Ministry of Finance.• Qualified Staff to develop equity-based budgets.• On-the-job training.
  14. 14. What about Child-based Plans andBudgets? •Considering child rights? •Adopting the concept and practice of “equal opportunities” for children? •Social protection to fulfill rights for all children?
  15. 15. Government Budget 2011/2012
  16. 16. Government Social Expenditure Social protection expenditure is at around 9% of GDP, and actually was planned to grow between 2010-11 and 2011-12 Social protection is by far the largest component of social spending, with health at 1.5% of GDP, and education at 3.3%, Source: Arab Republic of Egypt, Ministry of Finance, State Budget 2011/12and Financial Monthly March 2012
  17. 17. How Social Protection Expenditure is DistributedAmong the Population? Several studies have been conducted to evaluate who is benefiting most from the current social protection .policies A study of the World Bank (2005( found that out of 100 LE spent in social protection, 29 LE goes the richest fifth of the population, while the poorest quintile is receiving only 14 LE While the impact in terms of poverty reduction is still relevant (more than 10% of the population was lifted above the lower national poverty line by social protection policies [mainly subsidies] in early 2000s(, the efficiencies of the expenditure is low . and the leakages very high (Source: World Bank (2005
  18. 18. Social Security and Social Pensions VersusSubsidies Social security benefits and social pensions represent less than 10% of the total Social Protection expenditure in Egypt. Subsidies are by far the largest component (around 90%) of the social protection spending. In the budget 2011-12, subsidies represented around 27% of government expenditure, equivalent to 8.5% of the projected GDP
  19. 19. Subsidies Are A Key Component of GovernmentSpending in EgyptMore than 5% of GDP is (Government expenditure on subsidies (as % of GDPspent in oil productsubsidies (which is 2010-11 2011-12benefiting mainly the Total expenditure on subsidies 8.64 8.45richest quintiles of thepopulation, but which is - Oil products 5.26 6.08also very important for the - General Authority for Supply Commodities (food/bread) 1.83 1.20poorest population - Electricity 0.49 0.32(.quintiles - Other 1.06 0.86 Source: Arab Republic of Egypt, Ministry of Finance, State BudgetThe food subsidy 2011/12, and Financial Monthly, March 2012represents around 1.8% of the Egyptian. GDP
  20. 20. Reforming subsidies The need of reforming subsidies is widely recognized and it is part of the current political debate (and in minimal part already implemented). The process of transformation should be managed very carefully, in particular to protect the most vulnerable, within an equity perspective, and considering the highest vulnerability to poverty of children and women.