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State and local efforts to regulate immigration may 13 2011 UNIBE

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State and local efforts to regulate immigration may 13 2011 UNIBE

  1. 1.
  2. 2. State and Local efforts to regulate immigrationA case study of Nebraska<br />David P. Weber<br />May 13, 2011<br />
  3. 3. Nebraska<br />1,390 Miles/ 2,235 Km<br />480 Miles/ 770 Km<br />NEBRASKA<br />1,260 Miles/ 2,025 Km<br />1,005 Miles/ 1,620 Km<br />
  4. 4. Nebraska<br />
  5. 5. Nebraska<br />
  6. 6. Nebraska<br />
  7. 7. Federal v. State Issue<br />United States Constitution:<br />Article 1, Section 8, Clause 4, vests exclusive power over naturalization matters to the federal government.<br />The U.S. Supreme Court has recognized that "the authority to control immigration...is vested solely in the federal government." Truax v. Raich, 239 U.S. 33, 42 (1915).<br />
  8. 8. 2010 Immigration Bills<br />In the first half of 2010, every state in regular session considered laws relating to immigrants or immigration.<br />Approximately 1,400 bills introduced<br />Approximately 315 laws enacted (20% increase over previous year)<br />2011 shows no signs of decline.<br />National Conference of State Legislators<br />
  9. 9. Nebraska’s Proposed Immigration Laws<br />LB 48 – Criminalization of Undocumented Immigration<br />LR 28 – Secure Communities Program<br />LR 569 – Expansion of E-Verify<br />LB 599 – Prenatal Care Coverage<br />LB 657 – Repeal In-state Resident Tuition<br />LB 215 – Driver’s License<br />LB 172 – Eliminate Latino-American Commission<br />
  10. 10. Arizona SB 1070 Copycats<br /><ul><li>Nebraska’s Version LB 48:
  11. 11. Allows racial profiling (to the extent permissible under the law)
  12. 12. Prohibits anything other than full enforcement of federal immigration laws
  13. 13. Immigration determination required of anyone lawfully stopped when “reasonable suspicion” of unlawful presence exists
  14. 14. Criminalizes (state level) failure to register
  15. 15. Criminalizes (state level) failure to carry documents</li></li></ul><li>Arizona SB 1070 Copycats<br /><ul><li>Nebraska’s Version LB 48 (Continued):
  16. 16. Evidentiary Rules Modified (no foundation or testimony from custodian of records required)
  17. 17. Criminalizes (state level) working
  18. 18. Criminalizes (state level) harboring and transportation
  19. 19. Criminalizes (state level) recruitment to Nebraska by anyone</li></li></ul><li>A City’s Response<br />Fremont’s Ordinance:<br />Harboring Illegal Aliens prohibited<br />Restricts rental of anyresidential unit <br />Requires any occupant over 18 to obtain an occupancy license from the Fremont Police Department<br />Each occupant must obtain one<br />Also requires disclosure of full name and date of birth of each minor dependent residing with the occupant<br />Sworn statement that individual is a United States citizen; or an identification number that establishes the alien’s lawful presence in the United States<br />Information may be shared with other government<br />Failure to comply results in fines and loss of business license<br />E-Verify Mandated<br />Prohibitions on Hiring<br />
  20. 20. Overarching Themes<br /><ul><li>Attrition Through Enforcement
  21. 21. Employment
  22. 22. Law & Order v. Humanist
  23. 23. Race
  24. 24. Culture/Language</li></li></ul><li>Legal Aspects<br /><ul><li>Preemption
  25. 25. Uniformity
  26. 26. Hierarchy
  27. 27. Local Mechanisms
  28. 28. Dialogue
  29. 29. Community Building</li></li></ul><li>Questions/Conclusions<br /><ul><li>When should a political subdivision enact legislation relating to immigration?
  30. 30. Is there a principled distinction available?
  31. 31. Understanding the motivations behind local legislation is of paramount importance
  32. 32. Developing a framework that allows for local regulation may be necessary</li></li></ul><li>Questions/Discussions<br /><ul><li>Questions?</li>

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