CHICAGO STYLE ARCHITECTURE
How it became the nations architectural image
THE GREAT CITY OF CHICAGO
Before 1871

Its architecture strongly
resembled the “European
Style”. There wasn’t
really a “ A...
THE GREAT CHICAGO FIRE
OCTOBER 8-10 1871

Destroying 18,000 buildings , killing
nearly 300 people, and leaving 100,000
hom...
DAMAGE

The "Burnt
District," nearly
four miles long and
almost a mile wide,
included most of
the central business
distric...
CHICAGO RISES FROM THE ASHES

Reconstruction began almost instantly after the fire. Giving the city a
chance to start agai...
CHICAGO SCHOOL

1875-1910
response to the
.
Chicago fire.
The school focused
on mainly commercial
buildings
Used modern te...
THE CHICAGO SCHOOL
ARCHITECTS

William Le Baron Jenney
Louis Sullivan
Dankmar Adler
Frank Lloyd Wright
John Wellborn Root
...
NEW TECHNOLOGY

Steal
Frame

Large
plate
glass

Tube
System

Terracotta

Elevators
CHICAGO ARCHITECTURE

Italianate—also
very ornamental in
design; notice
arched doors and
windows

Beaux-Arts—a
highly deco...
ESSENTIAL QUESTION

How does this Radical Architecture break away
from European traditions and create a “Modern
Style” tha...
GUIDING QUESTIONS

Throughout the presentation ask yourself why architecture is more than
just buildings? THINK DEEP
Try t...
LOUIS SULLIVAN

Showed
nature
through
architecture

The father
of the
skyscraper

Form
Follows
Function
ORNAMENTATION
ADLER AND SULLIVAN
BUILDINGS

Auditorium
Building (188
1890)

Jewelers building 1881

Carson, Pirie, Scott
and Co 1898

Ja...
FRANK LLOYD

original

UNIQUE

Overall
Emotion

Prairie Style
Purpose

Details
PRAIRIE STYLE

Usonian homes
Natural cooling and
natural light windows

Strong visual
connection between
the outside and t...
INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL

Stripped away all exterior
ornamentation.

More window then wall

Originated in
Germany in 1930s. In...
INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL
ARCHITECTS

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
(Illinois Institute of technology)
Fazlur Klan
(engineer, System...
SYSTEM OF FRAMED TUBES

John Hancock Prairie
Style 1969

DeWitt Chestnut
Apartment Building 1963
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Chicago Architecture. Frank Lloyd Wright, Louis Sullivan, and the Chicago Fire

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Website: www.windycitystyle.weebly.com Youtube video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=7bni68yFG8c#t=0

Detailed information on Chicago Architecture designed in an intuitive way. Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Sullivan were the major focuses and I even made a video on Frank Lloyd Wright.

My website is www.uncoveringsuperman.com and www.Zodhi.com

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Chicago Architecture. Frank Lloyd Wright, Louis Sullivan, and the Chicago Fire

  1. 1. CHICAGO STYLE ARCHITECTURE How it became the nations architectural image
  2. 2. THE GREAT CITY OF CHICAGO Before 1871 Its architecture strongly resembled the “European Style”. There wasn’t really a “ American Style” of architecture.
  3. 3. THE GREAT CHICAGO FIRE OCTOBER 8-10 1871 Destroying 18,000 buildings , killing nearly 300 people, and leaving 100,000 homeless.
  4. 4. DAMAGE The "Burnt District," nearly four miles long and almost a mile wide, included most of the central business district and many residential areas
  5. 5. CHICAGO RISES FROM THE ASHES Reconstruction began almost instantly after the fire. Giving the city a chance to start again. Between 1872 and 1879 more than ten thousand construction permits were issued. With reconstruction came the need for architects, and many responded.
  6. 6. CHICAGO SCHOOL 1875-1910 response to the . Chicago fire. The school focused on mainly commercial buildings Used modern technology to replace load-bearing walls with steal frame construction Also known for the modern skyscraper, as well as the Chicago window Concepts regarding light and space, as well as emphasis on height . “ Form Follows Function”
  7. 7. THE CHICAGO SCHOOL ARCHITECTS William Le Baron Jenney Louis Sullivan Dankmar Adler Frank Lloyd Wright John Wellborn Root Daniel Hudson Burnham
  8. 8. NEW TECHNOLOGY Steal Frame Large plate glass Tube System Terracotta Elevators
  9. 9. CHICAGO ARCHITECTURE Italianate—also very ornamental in design; notice arched doors and windows Beaux-Arts—a highly decorative style that copied the classical architecture of the Greeks and Romans Romanesque design—a style involving massive walls and arched doors and windows, Art Deco—marked by unbroken vertical lines and other geometric features, popular in the 1930s
  10. 10. ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does this Radical Architecture break away from European traditions and create a “Modern Style” that is uniquely American?
  11. 11. GUIDING QUESTIONS Throughout the presentation ask yourself why architecture is more than just buildings? THINK DEEP Try to witness how every part of a building serves its overall purpose, and how the buildings truly represent the architects that created them? How would changing the architecture of a city also change the society in the process?
  12. 12. LOUIS SULLIVAN Showed nature through architecture The father of the skyscraper Form Follows Function
  13. 13. ORNAMENTATION
  14. 14. ADLER AND SULLIVAN BUILDINGS Auditorium Building (188 1890) Jewelers building 1881 Carson, Pirie, Scott and Co 1898 James Charnley House 1892
  15. 15. FRANK LLOYD original UNIQUE Overall Emotion Prairie Style Purpose Details
  16. 16. PRAIRIE STYLE Usonian homes Natural cooling and natural light windows Strong visual connection between the outside and the inside. Flat roofs, solar heating, and floor heating
  17. 17. INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL Stripped away all exterior ornamentation. More window then wall Originated in Germany in 1930s. In Chicago it went from the 1940s-1970s Known also as the Second Chicago School Concept: Less is moreLudwig Mies van der Rohe
  18. 18. INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL ARCHITECTS Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (Illinois Institute of technology) Fazlur Klan (engineer, System of framed tubes)
  19. 19. SYSTEM OF FRAMED TUBES John Hancock Prairie Style 1969 DeWitt Chestnut Apartment Building 1963

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