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Nov 27: LibreTexts Overview by Delmar Larsen

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Overview of the LibreTexts project and what the new Department of Education grant will make possible. How to get involved.

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Nov 27: LibreTexts Overview by Delmar Larsen

  1. 1. Humanities Resistance is Futile: The Oncoming OER Revolution and How Libretexts can help you Navigate It Delmar Larsen Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis https://twitter.com/libretexts https://facebook.com/Libretexts http://www.Libretexts.org CC BY 2.0: Marcin Wichary Text "Resistance is Futile: The Oncoming OER Revolution and How Libretexts can help you Navigate It" by Delmar Larsen, LibreTexts is licensed under CC BY 4.0
  2. 2. Humanities Three Principal Aspects of how the LibreTexts is used The LibreTexts as a Curated Repository of “living” Content – largest on the net The LibreTexts as a Construction and Dissemination Platform – 100s of course The LibreTexts as Student Assessment/Performance Tool – 60M students annually
  3. 3. Humanities The Textbook Problem #1: Costs, inflexibility, & wasted effort The amount that students are spending on books and supplies topped out at $1,200 this year, according to the College Board. That’s equivalent to 14% percent of tuition at a four-year, public college – and 39% percent of tuition at community college. CHART by www.aei-ideas.org Data by WashPIRG
  4. 4. Humanities The Textbook Problem #2: Textbooks can be limiting, not empowering Textbooks should be tool to aid in the building of a robust knowledge base in students Textbooks should not be a crutch to limit content development, pedagogy, assessment and advancement Public Domain CC BY SA 4.0; PageMaker787 @ Wikicommons
  5. 5. Humanities The Textbook Problem #3: Textbooks hinder Education Advances Textbook publishers operate as de facto “gatekeepers” that hinders the modernization of education separating (wide-spread) students from SOTL researchers. The existing centralized system with the commercial textbook acting as a gatekeeper SOTL Researchers and knowledge creators Students and Instructors Large Commercial Textbook Companies $ $ $ T
  6. 6. Humanities We need to stop thinking about building OER individual textbooks… We need to start thinking about building OER “textlibraries”… The Textbook of the Future is not the textbook of the past CC BY 2.0; Stewart Butterfield - flickr
  7. 7. Humanities What are the LibreText Libraries?
  8. 8. Humanities DOEd RFP Issued July 29, 2018 Proposals due August 29, 2018 Award to LibreTexts announced October 1, 2018 • Absolute Priority 1—Improving Collaboration and Dissemination Through Consortia Arrangements. • • Absolute Priority 2—Addressing Gaps in the Open Textbook Marketplace and Bringing Solutions to Scale. • Absolute Priority 3—Promoting Degree Completion. • Competitive Preference Priority— Using Technology-Based Strategies for Personalized Learning and Continuous Improvement
  9. 9. Humanities Very Short upshot of Proposal • Libretexts is a community effort • All are welcome to join • Libretexts is a construction/dissemination/usage platform with all you expect (or will expect) • Content integrated into LibreTexts has the same formatting allowing fast and easy remixing into textbooks and other OER • LibreTexts will work with any faculty, campus or OER team to move forward together
  10. 10. Humanities Improving Collaboration and Dissemination Through Consortia Arrangements.
  11. 11. Humanities LibreTexts Teams The proposal called for five teams • Content creation • Content harvesting • Dissemination and outreach • Technology development and implementation • Assessment and analysis
  12. 12. Humanities
  13. 13. Humanities • Ease of dissemination • Seamlessly integrates content over multiple sub-fields or across different fields • Facilitates highly-collaborative and highly-distributed construction efforts • Provides a mechanism for more advanced features than a PDF or paper-based book Online Homework system (adaptive) • 3D capabilities • Multimedia including videos and simulations • Numerical calculations infrastructure • Student tracking and assessment • Integrated annotation infrastructure Why Online? We focus on building an integrated online platform.
  14. 14. Humanities MindTouch is a commercial, mobile-ready, cloud-delivered web platform for knowledge collaboration and multi- channel delivery of customer support documentation Libretexts is powered by Mindtouch All rights reserved; Mindtouch
  15. 15. Humanities Building the Largest OER Repository Integration of Existing Content Construction of New Content Mechanism 1: Student contribution via course effort (e.g., extra credit) Mechanism 2: Student integration of existing content from faculty Mechanism 3: Faculty construction of raw content from scratch and Public Domain; DS Larsen
  16. 16. Humanities Use the Libretexts like a “Construct” Storeroom of Educational Content Swap “Weapons of Tooth Death” for “Weapons of Education” CC BY SA 3.0; unported; Tiia Monto
  17. 17. Humanities Course LibreTexts
  18. 18. Humanities • Are a source of editable on line textbooks with Creative Common copyrights • Map LibreTexts material into commercial texts for those that cannot buy expensive texts • Provide a starting place for faculty to generate a LibreText for their classes Faculty do not need to recreate the wheel The maps can be adapted to that instructor’s specific desires. Textmaps are complemented by the modules in the Core. Textmaps
  19. 19. Humanities https://chem.libretexts.org/Development_Details/OER_Remixer The OER Remixer is a self-service tool to rapidly assemble a LibreText from existing sources. This tutorial will include both an explanation of the User Interface as well as a walkthrough of how to do basic tasks.
  20. 20. Humanities LibreTexts Content Development
  21. 21. Humanities Harvesting Team Common format allows simple integration and modification
  22. 22. Humanities For the student, the course LibreText is the “decoder” to the 25,000 pages of content in the libraries CC BY SA 4.0 Intnl; Samantha (Wiki Ed)
  23. 23. Humanities How to Adopt a Libretext? Does something identical exist in the Libraries already? Copy, Paste, and Go yes no Does something similar exist in the Libraries already? yes Copy, Paste, Edit, and Go no Identify what you want…
  24. 24. Humanities Does something similar exist outside the Libraries already? yes Ask permission to integrate into LibreTexts How to Adopt a Libretext? no no Construct from Scratch… involve faculty and students yes Copy, Paste, Edit, and Go no yes Copy, Paste, Edit, and Go
  25. 25. Humanities Using Technology-Based Strategies for Personalized Learning and Continuous Improvement WebWork Medicine Business
  26. 26. Humanities Can extract information regarding student study habits. Tracking Student Behavior to optimize Pedagogy (Traditional Format) Clear Cramming
  27. 27. Humanities Tracking Student Behavior to optimize Pedagogy (Flipped Format) Cramming is Reduced in a Flipped Class at MRU Brett McClollum (Chemistry)
  28. 28. Humanities 7/25/2015 8/15/2015 9/5/2015 9/26/2015 10/17/2015 11/7/2015 11/28/2015 12/19/2015 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 PageViews Date Chem 309 (SSC: Bennett) 1/1/2015 1/22/2015 2/12/2015 3/5/2015 3/26/2015 4/16/2015 5/7/2015 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 PageViews Date Chem 309 (SSC: Bennett) Exams Tracking Student Behavior to optimize Pedagogy (Flipped Format) Cramming is not observed in a Flipped Class at Sacramento City College Dianne Bennett (Chemistry)
  29. 29. Humanities Three Quarter Evaluation Pilot Stage 1 (Spring 2014 ): Compare LibreTexts to Conventional Textbook in same Class (Chem 2C at UCD) with same instructor. Stage 2 (Summer 2014): Assess LibreTexts in same class (Chem 2C), but taught under different conditions (faster pace). Stage 3 (Fall 2014): Assess LibreTexts in same class (Chem 2A), but with two different instructors. Independent Evaluation team: iAMSTEM Hub at UC Davis (http://iamstem.ucdavis.edu) • Marco Molinaro • Greg Allen (head TA) Educause Learning Initiative Brief, Feb. (2015). Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 16, 939-948 (2015).
  30. 30. Humanities Stage 1: Evaluation Protocols ChemWiki (class of 550 students) Petrucci et al. (class of 550 students) Pre/post Exams Questions Pre/post “Notice to Expert Thinking” or “Thinking like a Chemist” COPUS classroom observations “The Classroom Observation Protocol for Undergraduate STEM” Student level Weekly Reading Surveys Midterm and Final Exam Grades (identical tests) Course Grades Final Pilot Impression Survey Student level ChemWiki usage statistics (who, what, where, when) Course Evaluation (at student level via Qualtrics) Future Grades CBE Life Sci Educ. 2013 Winter; 12(4): 618–627.
  31. 31. Humanities Exam Performance Daily Wikitext usage (only ChemWiki class students) Exam#1 Exam#2 Mean: 72.9% Std: 12.4% Mean: 73.65% Std: 11.9% Mean: 61.3% Std: 14.6% Mean: 60.8% Std: 14.9% The exam performances are statistically identical for both classes
  32. 32. Humanities Variable Post-test Midterm 1 Midterm 2 Final Exam Total Exam Points Course Grade Constant 70.37*** 63.89*** 75.84*** 38.39*** 69.80*** 75.05*** ChemWiki (90% CI) 0.09 (-1.22, 1.39) -1.45 (-3.12, .22) 0.34 (-1.05, 1.73) -0.01 (-.72, .71) -0.33 (-1.53, .87) -0.48 (-1.66, .69) Pre Assessment 0.43*** 0.53*** 0.35*** 0.25*** 0.45*** 0.42*** First Generation -1.75 -1.97 -2.04 -0.43 -1.47 -1.61 Low Income 1.40 -0.16 0.88 -0.09 0.13 0.41 URM -0.65 -1.83 -0.39 -0.66 -1.16 -0.63 Male 2.59** -1.24 1.67 1.11* 0.98 0.53 Previous Units -0.05** -0.12*** -0.03 -0.05*** -0.08*** -0.09*** SAT Total 0.01*** 0.01 0.01* 0.01** 0.01** 0.01** STEM Major 0.92 2.56 0.55 1.00 1.68 1.52 Transfer -0.90 -6.54* -4.29 -2.47* -5.03* -4.20* R2 .26 .24 .16 .30 .30 .28 * p < .05 ** p < .01 *** p < .001 NOTE: All dependent variables are in percentage points; The equivalency margin for non-inferiority is 2% Ordinary Least Squares Regression Model Estimating Effects of Libretexts on the Post Score Utilizing a Non- Inferiority Framework Many Variables are Measured (Propensity-Score Matching) Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 16, 939-948 (2015).
  33. 33. Humanities Low Wiki Users (n=133) High Wiki Users (n=132) Wiki Page Views 77.43*** 414.64*** First Generation 0.36 0.33 Low Income 0.26 0.17 URM 0.2 0.2 Male 0.45* 0.32* Transfer 0.02 0.04 STEM Major 0.9 0.89 Course Grade 71.43*** 79.76*** SAT Total 1871 1848 * p < .05 ** p < .01 *** p < .001 Does Studying Affect Exam Performance?
  34. 34. Humanities Crammer Definition: 75% of pageviews 24 hours before the exam Group # students Avg Score StDev Cram 68 68.0 20.1 Non 323 77.9 18.7 Group # students Avg Score StDev Cram 65 86.3 14.4 Non 331 90.1 13.1 Note: Criteria also excludes those with pageviews<10 Group # students Avg Score StDev Cram 58 128.1 26.1 Non 282 131.5 21.7 Does Cramming Affect Exam Performance? Exam 1 Exam 2 Final
  35. 35. Humanities https://als.csuprojects.org/ Affordable Learning $olutions Supporters Gerry Hanley CSU Leslie Kennedy AL$ - CSU Ralph Hexter UCD Provost MacKenzie Smith Librarian
  36. 36. Humanities What is LibreTexts? (The big idea) Who is it aimed at? How does it differ from other open source materials offerings? How do we get materials? Are they kept up to date? What's changing with the new grant we got? If a faculty member wants to use libreTexts, what do they do? Questions to myself… "Resistance is Futile: The Oncoming OER Revolution and How Libretexts can help you Navigate It" by Delmar Larsen, LibreTexts is licensed under CC BY 4.0

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