Agriculture Sector Analysis - Critical Issues

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Agriculture Sector Analysis - Critical Issues

  1. 1. Agriculture Sector Analysis: Critical Issues
  2. 2. Agriculture SectorFive subsectors:Major crops, Minor crops, Livestock,Fisheries, Forestry.Share in agricultures contribution toGDP (%) 1981/82 2002/03 2007/08Major crops 51.87 40.64 34.51Minor crops 17.22 15.90 11.01Livestock 26.23 38.9 51.19Fisheries 3.53 3.48 2.20Forestry 1.02 1.13 1.15
  3. 3. Major Issues• Land Holdings• Cropping Pattern• Input Availability• Production, Yield and Procurement• Agriculture Pricing Policy• Agriculture Taxation• Agriculture Finance• Agriculture and WTO
  4. 4. Land Utilization, 1947-2008(m hectares, with a total area of 79.61 mhectares) Not Area sown Total Reported available for total area more than croppedYear a area cultivation cultivated once area1947/8 46.70 20.82 20.78 0.95 11.61960-1965 50.52 18.94 21.20 1.68 15.11965-1970 52.98 19.10 21.90 1.99 16.31970-1975 53.53 20.50 22.13 2.5 17.01975-1980 54.27 20.62 19.84 3.3 18.41980-1985 56.29 21.29 20.32 4.09 19.71985-1990 57.87 23.97 20.78 4.79 20.51990-1995 58.04 24.49 21.17 5.7 21.91995-2000 59.12 24.51 21.90 6.37 22.82002/03 59.45 24.36 22.13 6.71 22.22007/08 57.25 22.70 22.03 7.92 23.5
  5. 5. Area under major crops, 1950-2008 (000 hectares) Percentage Sugar of totalYear a Wheat Rice cane Cotton cropped area1950-1955 4,154.0 947.0 245.6 1275.8 -1955-1960 4,736.6 1,078.8 365.4 1,393.2 -1960-1965 4,896.2 1,214.2 447.6 1,375.4 52.591965-1970 5,591.8 1,426.6 559.0 1,635.6 56.581970-1975 6,017.4 1,514.6 597.6 1,860.2 58.621975-1980 6,272.0 1,797.6 747.0 1,916.4 58.201980-1985 7,174.4 1,984.2 859.8 2,177.7 61.961985-1990 7,418.2 1,986.6 833.0 2,459.6 62.261990-1995 8,058.6 2,099.0 927.4 2,758.0 63.321995-2000 8,306.6 2,333.8 1,029.8 3,002.4 66.212002/3 8,069.0 2,226.0 1,086.0 2,796.0 64.512007/08 8,414.0 2,515.0 1,241.0 3,054.0 65.08
  6. 6. Table 5.4Production of major crops, 1950-2008 (000 tonnes) Year a Wheat Rice Sugar cane Cotton (000 bales)1950-1955 3,235.8 837.2 7,192.6 -1955-1960 3,677.6 909.6 10318.6 -1960-1965 4,016.4 1,107.8 14,247.8 1,995.81965-1970 5,175.6 1,512.6 20718.0 2,625.01970-1975 7,145.6 1,929.2 17,402.80 3,705.01975-1980 8,765.0 2,778.2 26743.0 3,094.01980-1985 11,330.6 3,292.8 32,651.60 4,926.61985-1990 12,947.2 3,232.2 31973.4 7,632.61990-1995 15,724.0 3,412.0 40901.6 9,648.41995-2000 18,238.0 4,487.0 48,371.0 9,837.02002/03 19,235.0 4,478.0 52,049.0 10,211.02007/08 21,749 5,563 63,920 11,655
  7. 7. Yield of major agriculture crops, 1950-2008(kg/hectare)Year a Wheat Rice Sugar cane Maize Gram Cotton1950-1955 776.6 878.4 29,180.0 - - 2121955-1960 782.2 846.8 28240.0 - - 2121960-1965 831.8 929.6 33,580.0 - - 2541965-1970 977.0 1,507.6 37840.0 - - 2891970-1975 1,251.0 1,549.0 35,508.0 1,160.0 544.0 3461975-1980 1,454.0 1,569.0 37038.0 1,249.0 486.0 2841980-1985 1,596.0 1,684.0 37,460.0 1,267.0 476.0 3431985-1990 1,773.0 1,600.0 39,574.0 1,339.0 514.0 5441990-1995 1,950.0 1,623.0 44,000.0 1,407.0 452.0 5941995-2000 2,194.0 1,919.0 46,887.0 1,657.0 614.0 5572002/03 2,384.0 2,012.0 47,927.0 1,812.0 615.0 6212007/08 2585 2212 51507 3264 796 649
  8. 8. Area irrigated by different sources, 1950-2007 (m hectaresYear a Canals Tubewells Others Total1950-1955 7.77 0.03 1.81 9.421955-1960 8.64 0.09 1.51 10.251960-1965 9.03 0.39 1.63 11.051965-1970 8.92 1.02 2.31 12.251970-1975 9.24 2.27 1.22 12.721975-1980 10.29 2.82 1.08 14.181980-1985 11.42 3.07 0.96 15.531985-1990 11.48 3.88 0.82 16.181990-1993 12.05 4.29 0.56 16.902001/02 14.05 3.48 0.51 18.042006/07 14.58 3.88 3.16 19.62
  9. 9. Per Capita Availability of Main Food Items,1986-2002Year Wheat Rice Meat Milk 112.11 20.22 12.15 56.861986/7 (100) (100) (100) (100) 115.18 16.36 13.90 60.931990/1 (103) (81) (114) (107) 122.46 10.55 16.51 66.071994/5 (109) (52) (136) (116) 131.45 20.78 14.23 82.401999/00 (177) (103) (117) (145) 118.51 13.97 14.45 83.142001/2 (106) (69) (119) (146)
  10. 10. Agriculture credit disbursed in Pakistan by agencies, 1955-2002 (Rsm) Co- CommercialYear a ZTBLb Taccavic operatives banks Totald1955-1960 7.4 12.3 32.0 - 51.61960-1965 40.3 15.9 72.1 - 128.31965-1970 89.6 11.9 59.1 - 160.71970-1975 230.4 21.8 72.5 297.7 503.51975-1980 546.0 13.9 241.8 1,192.7 1,994.31980-1985 2,446.8 8.5 1,332.4 2,981.2 6,768.71985-1990 7,422.5 17.5 2,221.9 4,899.2 14,566.11990-1995 8,375.4 - 2,788.1 3,827.1 15,023.21995-2000 19,795.0 - 4,710.0 6,426.0 30,933.02002/3 29,108.0 - 5,273.0 17,486.0 52,446.02007-08 39,561 -- 3,936 65,125 138,597
  11. 11. Agriculture credit disbursed advanced by ZTBL, 1980-2002 (Rs m)Year Pakistan Punjab Sindh NWFP Balochistan1980/1 1,058.97 741.21 257.05 45.21 15.501990/1 8,218.39 5,624.59 1679.00 722.59 490.801994/5 14,399.60 10,014.78 3048.68 712.95 623.202001/2 28,848.40 21,123.32 5864.90 1367.38 492.84
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