• It originate in the united states in the
• Environmental auditing was introduced
to UK and else where mainly by
MNCs who began to apply the audit
• Historically it has been developed for
industrial( chemical and
• The term environmental auditing is broad.
Private sector environmental auditing has been
variously defined as:
A management tool comprising a systematic,
documented, periodic and objective evaluation
of the performance of the organization ,
management system and processes designed to
protect the environment with the aim of:
1. Facilitating management control of practices
which may have impact on the environment
2. Assessing compliance with company policies.
PRACTICE AND PROCEDURES
The more specific type of
environmental audit involves the
collection, collation, analysis,
interpretation and presentation of
information which is used to assess
performance against a set of
requirements or targets, related to
1. Liability audit :-
Liability audit assess
compliance with legal obligations.
2. Management audit :-
Management audit verify that
an environmental strategy meet its stated
3. Functional audit (activity or issue audit):-
An activity audit may
investigate specific area such as energy or
Environmental auditing and
• An ems is a tool designed to enable organizations
to target , achieve and demonstrate continuous
improvement in environmental performance. It is
one integrated management process with a number
of stages , which includes environmental audit.
TRENDS AND FUTURE
Audit programmes are becoming a standard
environmental management tool and pressures for
the disclosure of audit results are increasing.
The utility of environmental audits vary
from organization to organization.
Provide baseline information to enable
organizations to evaluate and manage
environmental change, threat and risk.
Environmental audits have traditionally
dealt with the environmental effects of industrial
process and, to a lesser extend , with resource