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UX STRAT Europe 2019: Alex Tim

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UX STRAT Europe 2019: Alex Tim

  1. 1. Designing for Artificial Intelligence An Introduction Avissar Tim Alex | UX Strat Europe 2019.
  2. 2. Pleased to meet you…
  3. 3. Artificial Intelligence A way of making a computer, a robot, or a software think intelligently, in the similar manner the intelligent humans think.
  4. 4. It’s not about human vs the machine
  5. 5. It’s about achieving more, together Photo by Andy Kelly on Unsplash
  6. 6. A subset of AI in which computer programs and algorithms can be designed to “learn” how to complete a specified task Machine Learning The ability of computers to understand, or process natural human languages and derive meaning from them Natural Language Processing Terminology Deep Learning A subset of AI and ML in which Neural networks are “layered”, to create extremely powerful learning models Neural Networks A set of algorithms, modeled loosely after the human brain, that are designed to recognize patterns I. Artificial Intelligence Terminologies – Richaldo Elias. https://medium.com/machine-learning-world/artificial-intelligence-terminologies-260f1d6d299f
  7. 7. I. Honda retires it’s famed Asimo robot – The Verge, Jun 28, 2018. https://www.theverge.com/2018/6/28/17514134/honda-asimo-humanoid-robot-retire Artificial Superintelligence Artificial General Intelligence Artificial Narrow Intelligence
  8. 8. A Brief History of AI 11 May 1997 Deep Blue beats a reigning world chess champion 1950 Alan Turing proposes the ‘Turing Test’ and Isaac Asimov published ‘Three Laws of Robotics’ Antiquity Myths of Hephaestus of intelligent robots and artificial beings 1642 Blaise Pascal invented the mechanical calculator, the first digital calculating machine 1915 Leonardo Torres built the first chess playing automaton, the El Ajedrecista 1941 Konrad Zuse built the world’s first programmable computer 1206 Al-Jazari created a programmable orchestra of mechanical men 800 Geber develops the theory of Takwin,, the artificial creation of life in the laboratory AI Winter
  9. 9. “Artificial intelligence could boost the global economy as much as the steam engine did during the industrial revolution” I. Notes from the AI frontier: Modeling the impact of AI on the world economy. McKinsey Global Institute, Spetember 2018. https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/artificial-intelligence/notes-from-the-AI-frontier-modeling-the-impact-of-ai-on-the-world-economy Photo by Deleece Cook on Unsplash
  10. 10. Private Equity Investment in Artificial Intelligence I. Private Equity Investment in Artificial Intelligence. OECD, September 2018. http://www.oecd.org/going-digital/ai/private-equity-investment-in-artificial-intelligence.pdf
  11. 11. AI will add an extra $13tr to global economic activity by 2030. I. Notes from the AI frontier: Modeling the impact of AI on the world economy. McKinsey Global Institute, Spetember 2018. https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/artificial-intelligence/notes-from-the-AI-frontier-modeling-the-impact-of-ai-on-the-world-economy Frontrunners are expected to grow 120% Non-adapters might experience a 20% decline
  12. 12. AI:NI A delicate balance Photo by Takanobu Kishi, Sony. Why Designers?
  13. 13. AI has a bias problem Photo by Art Streiber, Wired. April 2016.
  14. 14. I. AI has a bias problem. This is how we can solve it. World Economic Forum, January 2019. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/01/to-eliminate-human-bias-from-ai-we-need-to-rethink-our-approach/ II. This is how AI bias really happens – and why it’s so hard to fix. MIT Technology Review, February 2019. https://www.technologyreview.com/s/612876/this-is-how-ai-bias-really-happensand-why-its-so- hard-to-fix/ Framing the Problem Decisions are made for various business reasons other than fairness or discrimination Collecting the Data Either the data you collect is unrepresentative of reality, or it reflects existing prejudices. Preparing the Data Selecting which attributes you want the algorithm to consider.
  15. 15. Tay went from “humans are super cool” to full Nazi in >24 hours
  16. 16. The Uncanny Valley Hanson Robotics
  17. 17. Prosthetic Hand Stuffed Animal C-3PO Corpse & Creepy Human Like Robots The relationship between the degree of an object's resemblance to a human being and the emotional response to such an object.

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